Frederick Douglass On How Slave Owners Used Food As A Weapon Of Control

American writer, abolitionist and orator Frederick Douglass edits a journal at his desk, late 1870s. Douglass was acutely conscious of being a literary witness to the inhumane institution of slavery he had escaped as a young man. He made sure to document his life in not one but three autobiographies.

President Trump recently described Frederick Douglass as “an example of somebody who’s done an amazing job and is being recognized more and more, I notice.” The president’s muddled tense – it came out sounding as if the 19th-century abolitionist were alive with a galloping Twitter following – provoked some mirth on social media. But the spotlight on one of America’s great moral heroes is a welcome one.

Douglass was born on a plantation in Eastern Maryland in 1817 or 1818 – he did not know his birthday, much less have a long-form birth certificate – to a black mother (from whom he was separated as a boy) and a white father (whom he never knew and who was likely the “master” of the house). He was parceled out to serve different members of the family. His childhood was marked by hunger and cold, and his teen years passed in one long stretch of hard labor, coma-like fatigue, routine floggings, hunger, and other commonplace tortures from the slavery handbook.Article continues after sponsor message


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At 20, he ran away to New York and started his new life as an anti-slavery orator and activist. Acutely conscious of being a literary witness to the inhumane institution he had escaped, he made sure to document his life in not one but three autobiographies. His memoirs bring alive the immoral mechanics of slavery and its weapons of control. Chief among them: food.

As a young enslaved boy in Baltimore, Frederick Douglass bartered pieces of bread for lessons in literacy. His teachers were white neighborhood kids, who could read and write but had no food. At 20, he ran away to New York and started his new life as an anti-slavery orator and activist.

“Never mind, honey—better day comin,’ ” the elders would say to solace the orphaned boy. It was not just the family pets the child had to compete with. One of the most debasing scenes in Douglass’ first memoir, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, describes the way he ate:

“Our food was coarse corn meal boiled. This was called mush. It was put into a large wooden tray or trough, and set down upon the ground. The children were then called, like so many pigs, and like so many pigs they would come and devour the mush; some with oyster-shells, others with pieces of shingle, some with naked hands, and none with spoons. He that ate fastest got most; he that was strongest secured the best place; and few left the trough satisfied.”

Douglass makes it a point to nail the boastful lie put out by slaveholders – one that persists to this day – that “their slaves enjoy more of the physical comforts of life than the peasantry of any country in the world.”

In truth, rations consisted of a monthly allowance of a bushel of third-rate corn, pickled pork (which was “often tainted”) and “poorest quality herrings” – barely enough to sustain grown men and women through their backbreaking labors in the field. Not all the enslaved, however, were so ill-fed. Waiting at the “glittering table of the great house” – a table loaded with the choicest meats, the bounty of the Chesapeake Bay, platters of fruit, asparagus, celery and cauliflower, cheese, butter, cream and the finest wines and brandies from France – was a group of black servants chosen for their loyalty and comely looks. These glossy servants constituted “a sort of black aristocracy,” wrote Douglass. By elevating them, the slave owner was playing the old divide-and-rule trick, and it worked. The difference, Douglass wrote, “between these favored few, and the sorrow and hunger-smitten multitudes of the quarter and the field, was immense.”

The “hunger-smitten multitudes” did what they could to supplement their scanty diets. “They did this by hunting, fishing, growing their own vegetables – or stealing,” says Frederick Douglass Opie, professor of history and foodways at Babson College, who, of course, is named after the activist. “In their moral universe, they felt, ‘You stole me, you mistreated me, therefore to steal from you is quite normal.’ ” If caught, say, eating an orange from the owner’s abundant fruit garden, the punishment was flogging. When even this proved futile, a tar fence was erected around the forbidden fruit. Anyone whose body bore the merest trace of tar was brutally whipped by the chief gardener.

Frederick Douglass, circa 1879.George Warren/National Archives

But if deprivation was one form of control, a far more insidious and malicious one was the annual Christmas holidays, where gluttony and binge drinking was almost mandatory. During those six days, the enslaved could do what they chose, and while a few spent time with distant family or hunting or working on their homes, most were happy to engage in playing sports, “fiddling, dancing, and drinking whiskey; and this latter mode of spending the time was by far the most agreeable to the feelings of our masters. … It was deemed a disgrace not to get drunk at Christmas.” To encourage whiskey benders, the “masters” took bets to see who could drink the most whiskey, thus “getting whole multitudes to drink to excess.”

The nefarious aim of these revels was to equate dissipation with liberty. At the end of the holidays, sickened by the excessive alcohol, the hungover men felt “that we had almost as well be slaves to man as to rum.” And so, Douglass wrote, “we staggered up from the filth of our wallowing, took a long breath, and marched to the field – feeling, upon the whole, rather glad to go, from what our master had deceived us into a belief was freedom, back to the arms of slavery.”

Douglass sounds even angrier at these obligatory orgies – he calls them “part and parcel of the gross fraud, wrong, and inhumanity of slavery” – than at other, more direct forms of cruelty.

“It was a form of bread and circus,” says Opie. “Slaves were also given intoxicated drinks, so they would have little time to think of escaping. If you didn’t take it, you were considered ungrateful. It was a form of social control.”

When he was about 8 years old, Douglass was sent to Baltimore, which proved to be a turning point. The mistress of the house gave him the most precious gift in his life – she taught him the alphabet. But when her husband forbade her to continue – teaching slaves to read and write was a crime – she immediately stopped his lessons.

It was too late. The little boy had been given a peek into the transformative world of words and was desperate to learn. He did so by bartering pieces of bread – he had free access to it; in Baltimore, the urban codes of slavery were less harsh than in rural Maryland – for lessons in literacy. His teachers were white neighborhood kids, who could read and write but had no food. “This bread I used to bestow upon the hungry little urchins, who, in return, would give me that more valuable bread of knowledge,” Douglass wrote in one of the most moving lines in Narrative.

“This also shows the ingenuity of enslaved people,” says Opie, “and how they tricked and leveraged whatever little they had to get ahead.”

Today, when one thinks of Frederick Douglass, the image that springs to mind is of a distinguished, gray-haired man in a double-breasted suit. It is difficult to imagine him as a half-starved boy garbed in nothing but a coarse, knee-length shirt, sleeping on the floor in a corn sack he had stolen. As he wrote in Narrative, “My feet have been so cracked with the frost, that the pen with which I am writing might be laid in the gashes.”

It is a heartbreaking image – redeemed by one little word, “pen.” A pen that he wielded with passion, clarity and irony to gash the life out of slavery.

Food Shortages? Nope, Too Much Food In The Wrong Places

Together Inc. food bank workers distribute food at a drive-through location in Omaha, Neb., last week. Disruptions in the agricultural supply chain caused by the coronavirus pandemic are making it difficult for food banks.

In recent days, top U.S. government officials have moved to assure Americans that they won’t lack for food, despite the coronavirus. 

As he toured a Walmart distribution center, Vice President Pence announced that “America’s food supply is strong.” The Food and Drug Administration’s deputy commissioner for food, Frank Yiannas (a former Walmart executive) told reporters during a teleconference that “there are no widespread or nationwide shortages of food, despite local reports of outages.”

“There is no need to hoard,” Yiannas said.

In fact, the pandemic has caused entirely different problems: a spike in the number of people who can’t afford groceries and a glut of food where it’s not needed. 

Dairy farmers in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Georgia have been forced to dumpthousands of gallons of milk that no one will buy. In Florida, vegetable growers are abandoning harvest-ready fields of tomatoes, yellow squash and cucumbers for the same reason. 

“We cannot pick the produce if we cannot sell it, because we cannot afford the payroll every week,” says Kim Jamerson, a vegetable grower near Fort Myers. Those crops will be plowed back into the ground. “We’ll have to tear ’em up,” Jamerson says. “Just tear up beautiful vegetables that really could go elsewhere, to food banks, and hospitals, and rest homes.”Article continues after sponsor message

The country’s food distribution system, in normal times, is a marvel, efficiently delivering huge amounts of food to consumers. But it relies on predictability, like a rail system that directs a stream of trains, on set schedules, toward their destinations. Now, some of the biggest destinations — chain restaurants, schools and workplace cafeterias — have disappeared, and supply chains are struggling to adapt.

Jay Johnson, with JGL Produce, a vegetable broker in Immokalee, Fla., is the kind of person who makes this system work — matching buyers with sellers. “You’re getting phone calls, text messages, emails, all day and all night,” he says. ” ‘What’s your price on this? What grade? Can you do a better deal?’ You’re doing all these micronegotiations throughout the day.”

On Tuesday, March 24, he says, that all changed. “Everything got quiet. Wednesday, the 25th, superquiet. Thursday, now we’re getting nervous.”

Normally, chain restaurants buy a steady supply of produce, week after week. But most have shut down — and did so just as Florida’s vegetable harvest shifted into high gear. “Now you’re sitting there with all this production, perfect weather, and everybody’s like, ‘Oh no,’ ” Johnson says.

He told vegetable grower Mike Jamerson, Kim’s husband, that “we’re in trouble here. And it’s to the point where I’m going to fill my warehouse up and I’m going to have to tell you to stop picking.” That’s when workers stopped picking yellow squash on Kim Jamerson’s farm. 

A week after Jamerson told NPR that they’d have to “tear up” their crops, the situation had improved a bit. Workers have resumed picking, but it’s now a “salvage operation,” Jamerson says. Workers are discarding vegetables that weren’t picked in time. The vegetables that they salvage will be sold at cut-rate prices, with some going to food banks.

Something similar has happened to dairy farmers. Milk sales in supermarkets have increased, but not enough to make up for the drop in sales of milk to schools and cheese to Pizza Hut. Factories that make milk powder can’t take any more milk. So some milk cooperatives have told their farmers to dump the milk that their cows are producing. 

The situation is especially dire for Florida’s tomato growers, who sell 80% of their production to restaurants and other food service companies, rather than to supermarkets. “Think about all the sandwiches that people eat at lunch when they go out. Burgers, or salads at restaurants,” says Michael Schadler, from the Florida Tomato Exchange, which represents some of the state’s largest growers. “Many of those food service items have tomatoes.” 

Schadler says growers already are “walking away from big portions of their crop,” writing off huge investments. 

Meanwhile, food banks and pantries are having trouble supplying enough food to people who need it, including millions of children who no longer are getting free meals at school and people who’ve lost jobs in recent weeks.

Claire Babineaux-Fontenot, CEO of Feeding America, a network of food banks and charitable meals programs, says that these programs normally receive large donations of unsold food from retail stores. In recent weeks, though, as retailers struggled to keep their shelves stocked, “we’re seeing as much as a 35% reduction in that donation stream from retail,” Babineaux-Fontenot says.

Food banks are trying to claim more of the food that is stranded in the food service supply chain, either through donations or by buying it. 

“We are capturing some of that. I know we’re not capturing all of it, but we have a whole team of professionals whose job is to try to make sure that we capture as much of it as we possibly can,” Babineaux-Fontenot says. “So we’re having conversations with major restaurants. We’re having conversations with major producers, with trade associations, the whole gamut.”

Kim Jamerson thinks “it’s just a shame” to have enough food, but not be able to get it to the people in need. “A woman who’s got two kids how can she live on unemployment, go into a grocery store and pay 90 cents for a cucumber? She just can’t do that.”

Part of the problem is that it takes labor to move produce from one place to another, and people are still figuring out who will pay for that. Jamerson says she can’t afford to pay workers to pick a crop that will be donated. She wants the government to step in, provide workers or the money to pay them, and make sure food gets to where it’s needed. “The government could send the food to the hospitals, the rest homes, to the food banks, to the churches,” she says.

Jay Johnson, the produce broker, says there are signs of hope. The food banks in Florida, he says, are starting to buy some of his vegetables and figuring out new ways to distribute them. 

They asked Johnson to pack some vegetables in smaller packs, so food banks don’t need so many volunteers to repack them. “They’re understaffed, and don’t have warehouse space, and they’re having to think creatively,” he says. 

“I see a little bit of light at the end of the tunnel here,” he says, adding that he won’t make money on those sales to food banks. Farmers won’t either, but at least they’ll be able to keep their workforce employed until, hopefully, better times arrive.

Judge Blocks Rule That Would Have Kicked 700,000 People Off SNAP

Critics had called on the Department of Agriculture to suspend implementation of the new food stamp restrictions, especially in light of the economic crisis spurred by the coronavirus pandemic.

A federal judge has issued an injunction blocking the Trump administration from adopting a rule change that would force nearly 700,000 Americans off food stamps, officially known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP. The rule change was set to take effect April 1.

In a ruling issued Friday evening in Washington, D.C., U.S. District Court Judge Beryl Howell called the rule change capricious, arbitrary and likely unlawful.

The rule change would have required able-bodied adults without children to work at least 20 hours a week in order to qualify for SNAP benefits past three months. It would also have limited states’ usual ability to waive those requirements depending on economic conditions. The preliminary injunction will preserve that flexibility.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced it was adopting the rule change in December, but critics have called on the department to suspend implementation, especially in light of the economic crisis spurred by the coronavirus pandemic. Earlier this week, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said the department planned to move ahead with the rule.Article continues after sponsor message

While the rule applies to “able-bodied adults without dependents,” anti-hunger advocates note that category can include parents who don’t have primary custody of their kids, youths who have recently aged out of foster care and some low-income college students.

In her ruling, Howell cited concerns raised by the spread of coronavirus and its effect on the most vulnerable Americans. “Especially now, as a global pandemic poses widespread health risks, guaranteeing that government officials at both the federal and state levels have flexibility to address the nutritional needs of residents and ensure their well-being through programs like SNAP, is essential,” she wrote.

The change to SNAP is now blocked from taking effect pending the outcome of a lawsuit by 19 states plus the District of Columbia and New York City.

“This is a major victory for our country’s most vulnerable residents who rely on SNAP to eat,” D.C. Attorney General Karl A. Racine, who co-led the coalition behind the lawsuit, said in a statement. “The Trump administration’s rule would have forced hundreds of thousands of people who could not find work, including 13,000 District residents, to go hungry. That could have been catastrophic in the midst of our current public health emergency.”

“At a time of national crisis, this decision is a win for common sense and basic human decency,” New York Attorney General Letitia James, who co-led the coalition with Racine, said in a statement. Her office noted that the change would have denied SNAP benefits to more than 50,000 people in New York City alone.

“As we find ourselves in the midst of a pandemic,” James said, “the effects of this rule would be more destructive than ever.”

“Huge Victory”: Black Farmers Hail $5B in New COVID Relief Law to Redress Generations of Racism

Change will never come without political participation!

A major provision in President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief bill aims to address decades of discrimination against Black, Hispanic, Native American and Asian American farmers who have historically been excluded from government agricultural programs. The American Rescue Plan sets aside $10.4 billion for agriculture support, with about half of that amount set aside for farmers of color, and allocates extra federal funds to farmers who were “subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice because of their identity as members of a group.” The U.S. Department of Agriculture has faced accusations of racism for decades, but little has been done to address the problem of discrimination in farm loans. John Boyd, a fourth-generation Black farmer and president of the National Black Farmers Association, says the new funds begin to address issues he has been fighting for 30 years. “This is a huge victory for Black farmers and farmers of color,” says Boyd.

Food Banks Get The Love, But SNAP Does More To Fight Hunger

People load their vehicles with boxes of food at a Los Angeles Regional Food Bank earlier this month in Los Angeles. Food banks across the United States are seeing numbers and people they have never seen before amid unprecedented unemployment from the COVID-19 outbreak

Millions of newly impoverished people are turning to the charitable organizations known as food banks. Mile-long lines of cars, waiting for bags of free food, have become one of the most striking images of the current economic crisis. Donations are up, too, including from a new billion-dollar government effort called the Farmers to Families Food Box Program.

Yet many people who run food banks are ambivalent about all the attention, because they know the limitations of their own operations. They point to a stream of food aid that’s far more important than food banks: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP.

Food banks actually have two separate functions. They provide food to people who need it, but they also find new homes for food that might go to waste — often because farmers and food companies haven’t been able to sell it. This second job can be unwieldy and labor-intensive.

Take, for example, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s new food bank donation program. It was set up, in large part, to relieve distress among farmers and food companies who can’t find places to sell their products — like Borden Dairy, a Dallas-based milk processor which saw demand plunge when restaurants and schools closed in mid-March. The company couldn’t find buyers for all the milk its farmers were producing, and asked some of them to simply dump the surplus.Article continues after sponsor message

Too much milk

As part of the new USDA program, though, Borden Dairy won a $137 million contract to send 44 million gallons of milk to charitable organizations, mainly food banks.

Tony Sarsam, Borden Dairy’s CEO, says it “gives a sense of purpose and meaning to this organization. And it’s also important because we work with so many independent farmers. It gives them stability.”

More than a hundred companies got similar contracts from USDA, worth a total of $1.2 billion. They include wholesale distributors of fresh produce and meat. More contracts are coming, with the department expecting to spend about $3 billion on this new program. It has become an emergency buyer of surplus food, and the purchase price includes money to transport the food to food banks.

Sarsam and other companies who’ve won USDA contracts now have to figure out how to give away these products. It means setting up a new and mostly unfamiliar supply chain. “We have to get off to the races, and find connections in the charitable community that can take our products. We’ve been on the phones non-stop,” he says.

It’s more complicated than one might imagine. “Cold storage is a big deal; not everybody has enough cold storage for it,” Sarsam says.

So far, he’s only found takers for about 10% of the milk that the company needs to give away to earn that full paycheck from the USDA.

Robin Safley is on the receiving end of these donations. She’s executive director of Feeding Florida, an association of twelve food banks. Those organizations deliver food to a couple of thousand small non-profit groups that hand it out to people at temporary distribution points known as food pantries.

“First of all, we’re grateful, right?” Safley says. “Grateful in a lot of ways.”

But the logistics of getting food to the right place at the right time is a challenge even in normal times. Throw in social distancing, volunteers worried about their safety, and a wave to potential donations from USDA-funded companies, and it gets downright daunting.

“That means we have new people to deal with. How many trucks are they sending, and where are they sending them?” Safley says. “We don’t want them to stack up on some of the other trucks that we have moving.” She compares it to solving a Rubik’s cube.

The USDA has a separate program that buys commodities and donates them to food banks, but it’s smaller than the new effort, amounting to roughly half a billion dollars worth of food donations each year.

There is, however, a whole different way to help people get the food: Simply distribute money that people can use to buy groceries.

Money instead of food

This is what makes SNAP, formerly known as food stamps, so effective. Last year, 35 million people received $55 billion in SNAP benefits, down from a peak of 47 million people and $76 billion in 2013. The program, which falls under the aegis of the USDAdelivers roughly nine times more food to people than the entire Feeding America network, which includes food banks.

Jess Powers, who’s worked with several food assistance programs, says that this method — transferring money, rather than bags of produce — is better in a lot of ways. For one thing, she says, “it’s just more efficient.” SNAP recipients simply pay for groceries using an electronic benefits card. Also, people have more freedom to buy what they need, and the money they spend helps local businesses.

“It has this multiplier effect in communities, and it’s actually a better economic value because it creates economic activity,” Powers says. Unlike the new USDA commodity purchases, though, SNAP does not solve the problems of farmers who’ve lost restaurant sales due to the pandemic.

Food banks themselves, in fact, are among SNAP’s biggest fans. “Those of us in the anti-hunger community, we truly believe that SNAP is far and away the most important component of our social safety net against hunger in our country,” says Craig Gundersen, an economist at the University of Illinois who also works with Feeding America.

Yet SNAP doesn’t enjoy the same bipartisan applause as food banks. Over the years, many politicians — mostly conservatives — have tried to restrict access to the program, citing relatively small scale abuses by recipients.

Before the current crisis, the Trump administration had moved to cut access to SNAP for hundreds of thousands of people. It has since put those moves on hold, and it is allowing states to increase SNAP benefits to families that currently don’t get the maximum amount. Some anti-hunger groups are calling on the USDA to go further, and boost the maximum amount of SNAP benefits that people can get.

Gundersen says food banks do have a big role to play, and they have some distinct advantages. Unlike SNAP, anybody can show up and get food, with no proof of citizenship required and no complicated application procedure. “People may run out of money at some point over the course of the month, and they have their local food pantry where they can go get more food. Wonderful!” Gundersen says.

But food pantries aren’t big enough to do what SNAP does. Even with billions of dollars worth of extra food donations, they mainly just fill in the gaps.

Puerto Rico struggles with less

Puerto Rico, however, is in a notably different situation than the rest of the country. Instead of SNAP, Puerto Rico has a program called the Nutrition Assistance Program, which delivers significantly less aid to people on the island. And unlike SNAP, which spends more money when more people qualify for benefits, Puerto Rico’s program has a fixed budget, which means that in tough times, like today, each deserving person has to make do with less assistance.

As a result, charitable organizations in the territory have been shouldering a bigger share of the burden, and a leading food distributor in Puerto Rico, the Caribbean Produce Exchange, will soon be delivering food to them under a new USDA contract worth $107 million.

Gualberto Rodriguez, the company’s president, says he’s gotten used to working with community organizations. After Hurricane Maria, the company also delivered food to them under contracts with the Red Cross and the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

“We’re a much poorer community here. So one thing we have is just a lot more webs of help that are embedded in our community,” he says. “These are not strangers taking care of strangers. These are our neighbors taking care of neighbors. So it’s a very special thing that happens when we go through these situations in the Caribbean and in Puerto Rico, in particular.”

But when asked whether it would be better to transfer money instead, so that people could buy food from local businesses, Rodriguez paused.

“It’s a great question,” he said, finally. “I believe the commercial system works really well, if you empower people with the money to buy from it. It creates entrepreneurial activity where people figure out a way to address the needs of that person who has purchasing power. So I think it would [be better.]”

Inequality & Structural Racism in the Food System

Addressing racism must be at the core of what we do as an anti-hunger community, and we cannot end the cycle of food insecurity and chronic disease without changing the fundamental systems and policies which perpetuate racial and other forms of inequality.

We’ve been watching the news, horrified, for the last year. As police violence runs through every state, it’s clear that this is what racism looks like in America.

The reality is that racism is also fundamental to why many of our Black neighbors don’t have enough to eat. With decades of discriminatory policy that have led to poorly-funded schools, higher unemployment, lower homeownership, and worse access to food, it’s no surprise that double the number of Black households face hunger as compared to white households. The staggering economic effects of COVID-19 are set to make that even worse.

Our mission to end hunger must include taking action on racism. So, non-Black allies, we invite you to join us in recommitting to fighting racial discrimination and violence in all its forms.

Five quick actions to take right now as an ally for Black lives:

  1. Donate to the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation and NOWTRUTH.ORG‘s “War on Human Inequities” (WOHI) – a nonprofit project of the two. See more below.
  2. Get educated on how you can be a better ally. Here’s an anti-racist reading list to get you started.
  3. Learn more about why tackling racism is so key to ending hunger in America.
  4. Talk to your kids about anti-Black racism and police violence. Start with this great guide.
  5. This is the only beginning of the road to justice for George Floyd and many. many others. Sign the #JusticeForFloyd petition and take a stand on excessive police violence.

Black Lives Matter, and we must stand with those demanding justice, accountability, and action to confront the racism and inequality that lead to police violence and hunger alike. We’re hopeful that, together, we can make a difference.

AMWF and NOWTRUTH.ORG‘s “War on Human Inequities” (WOHI) recruits and develops leaders from low income backgrounds and organizes campaigns to address economic survival issues that people face. The WOHI agenda includes:

  • Funding essential community services through progressive taxes
  • Food Insecurity
  • Judicial Reform
  • Social Justice Reform 
  • Criminal Justice Reform
  • Workers’ Rights
  • Affordable Housing
  • Health Care
  • Equal Education
  • Welfare Reform
  • Living Wage and Equal Pay
  • Immigrant Rights
  • Environmental justice

AMWF bases its work on the following principles:

  • Unity. WOHI is committed to building an organization that brings together activists from varied segments of the community by uniting families on welfare, senior citizen activists, rank-and-file union leaders and community activists into one organization.
  • Multi-issue. WOHI is building a multi-issue organization that adds strength and helps support the efforts of other single-issue organizations. By working collaboratively with progressive legislators and other social action groups around the state, WOHI has developed a multi-issue agenda called the “War on Human Inequities”, which addresses such issues as Food Insecurity, Judicial Reform, Criminal and Social Justice Reform, revenue, tax reform, jobs, wages, child care, health care, housing, education, and the safety net.
  • Power in grass-roots organization. The key factor determining the ability to make a difference in the community is the size of its network of grass-roots activists. Whether building support for the initiatives of constituent organizations or developing independent campaign, WOHI seeks to empower ordinary people to change social policies that affect their lives. The WOHI organizing approach focuses both on developing commitment and leadership of people new to social activism, and on working with existing activists and organizations to strengthen their effectiveness.

1) Judicial Reform to END the Grand Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Social Justice Reform to END the Grand Systemic and Endemic Corruption of which Systemic Racism is a part; 

2) Criminal Justice Reform; Gun Violence;

3) COVID-19 & Our Communities; 

4) a. Hunger and Food Insecurity;

4) b. Homelessness; 

5) Racial Injustice, Equality, Racial Justice is Education Justice, Support Ethnic Studies Programs, Black Lives Matter Barber Shop, Islamophobia, Xenophobia;

6) Wealth Inequality, Income Gap, Poverty and Basic Needs;

7) Ending the School-to-Prison Pipeline; School Safe Zones; Protecting Students’ Civil Rights; Facing Hate and Bias at School, Teen Violence and Abuse, Teen Depression and Suicide, Youth Alcohol Usage, Transportation; 

8) Immigration, Refugee Crisis, Families Belong Together, Dreamers;

9) Healthcare, Obesity, Smoking;

10) Climate Justice Reform

11) Voting Rights;

12) Sport and Athletes Human Rights



The underlying racism of America’s food system: Regina Bernard-Carreno at TEDxManhattan

Impacts of Gentrification on Food Insecurity

Impacts of Gentrification on Food Insecurity

A video documentary researching the impacts of gentrification and urban renewal on the availability of food in Church Hill, the oldest neighborhood in Richmond, VA.

Bridging indigenous knowledge and science to end hunger | Muthoni Masinde | TEDxUFS

Bridging indigenous knowledge and science to end hunger | Muthoni Masinde | TEDxUFS

Muthoni reveals how indigenous knowledge is crucial for small-scale farmers, food security in Africa and the creation of effective solutions for managing the agriculture in rural areas that are plagued by droughts and mass hunger. The talk explores bridging recent technological innovation with indigenous knowledge, through the ´ITIKI´ computer science tool which can predict meteorological data inexpensively and accurately and assist local farmers. Muthoni Masinde is a computer scientist with B.Sc, M.Sc and Ph.D computer science degrees from the University of Nairobi, the Free University of Brussels and University of Cape Town respectively. She is currently Head of the Department of IT at the Central University of Technology. One of her greatest research achievements is the development of a novel tool to predict droughts in Africa. The tool taps into the rich African indigenous knowledge on natural disasters and augments it with ICTs. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

Black Food Matters: Race and Equity in the Good Food Movement | Devita Davison | Change Food Fest

Black Food Matters: Race and Equity in the Good Food Movement | Devita Davison | Change Food Fest

In this video: Devita Davison, director of marketing and communications at FoodLab Detroit, shares the story of Prince’s Hot Chicken Shack, explaining the barriers there still are today for food entrepreneurs of color. FoodLab Detroit is transforming Detroit’s local food economy by supporting a diverse community of food businesses and allies working to make good food a sustainable reality for all Detroiters. About: Devita Davison, a native of Detroit and granddaughter of a preacher, lived almost 19 years in New York before moving back to her hometown of Detroit in 2012. Her words are not just letters strung together; they are vessels for love and fight, heart ache, wisdom, and profound joy. To say she wears her heart on her sleeve is an understatement; whether decrying injustices in the food system or expounding on the beauty of a ripe strawberry in summer, her passion for food justice is palpable. Stay up to date with all our Quickbites and exciting projects from Change Food! Change Food is a grassroots movement creating a healthy, equitable food system. We provide various levels of expertise to organizations that are not getting sufficient support yet are creating real, replicable change. In addition, through conferences, events and special projects, Change Food raises public awareness and connects various parts of the food movement. Want to get to know us more? Get our monthly newsletter: Support us on Patreon!: Like us on Facebook: us on Twitter: Like us on Instagram: LinkedIn: Google+:

Systemic Racism in Our Food System

Systemic Racism In Our Food System

The incredible Pam Koch talks about our broken food supply and much more in the new episode of The Doctor’s Farmacy, which is up now

District Attorney Grants New Trials to 22 Defendants, Reversing Legacy of a Brutal Judge

  • BY CALVIN JOHNSON, Retired Chief Judge, New Orleans
Orleans Parish District Attorney Jason Williams talks with the media announcing an unprecedented and sweeping legal action that his office waived all objections to new trials for 22 state prisoners convicted by split juries between the years 1974 and 2014 on the Orleans Parish Courthouse steps Friday, Feb. 26, 2021. (Staff photo by David Grunfeld, | The Times-Picayune | The New Orleans Advocate)

When District Attorney Jason Williams’ office told me he would grant 22 defendants convicted by nonunanimous juries new trials, I was amazed. I didn’t know the event would trigger so many memories. That Williams started this in Section G, Frank Shea’s court, was intentional.

I watched Shea brutalize defendants there. It is easy to focus on those tried within minutes, as the article does (Terrance Knox’s 1996 murder trial, during Shea’s waning months in office, lasted three hours) but every day he jailed people for little or nothing.

He single-handedly contributed to mass incarceration and intergenerational trauma. Think about those young people he put in jail for little or nothing. They went into jail as children and they came out labeled as criminals. There was a simple reason: Once stamped with a felony conviction, they were doomed for life.

Worst was the media, print and electronic, who portrayed him as a crime-fighting hero. Shea’s speed on the bench was the stuff of legends. In 1975, he purportedly held 168 jury trials, and the following year the Louisiana Legislature commended him for “silencing long-winded, redundant attorneys.” In 1984, Shea held six felony trials in a single day, The Lens reported.

A hundred and sixty-eight trials in one year mean few if any of those received what our Constitution requires — effective assistance of counsel. They received no representation at all because there was not a real public defense system.

The media couldn’t care less. They perpetuated Jim Crow and racism, created a mindset in New Orleans and Louisiana this was a good thing. In keeping with his need to achieve his trial results, he never appointed the Tulane or Loyola Law Clinic, supervised by me, to represent anyone in his court. He literally said to me, “Why are you here? You don’t represent anyone in this court.” My reply: “I just came to watch.”

At Williams’ news conference, former District Attorney Ed Tarpley, of Alexandria, who led the fight for the unanimous jury constitutional amendment, shared these thoughts: God hates injustice. And let me tell you that Louisiana has lived through generations of injustice and this is our chance to change that. And what this man has done here today is a step forward to restore true justice in Louisiana and fight the generations of injustice that have plagued the citizens of our state too long.

This is a new day for New Orleans and Louisiana. We have the power legally and morally to correct past wrongs. John P. Nelson, director of the Loyola Law Clinic, said “It’s never too late to do what’s right.” This is Williams’ time but — more importantly, our time — to do what’s right.


Retired Chief Judge

New Orleans

Ten Lessons for Talking About Race, Racism, and Racial Justice

Ten Lessons for Talking About Race, Racism, and Racial JusticePrograms

Communications and culture have the power to move hearts and minds in ways that facts and advocacy often cannot. We understand this challenge — and built an intersectional communication lab so that, together, we can deliver messages and narratives that speak to Americans’ best selves.

As we strive to improve conversations about race, racism, and racial justice in this country, the environment in which we’re speaking seems to be constantly shifting, which shows that these conversations are more important than ever. We’ve put together some advice on finding entry points based on research, experience, and the input of partners from around the country. This is by no means a complete list, but it is a starting point for moving these discussions forward.

Please note that while there are many reasons to communicate with various audiences about racial justice issues, this memo focuses on messaging with the primary goal of persuading them toward action. There are many times when people need to communicate their anger, frustration, and pain to the world and to speak truth to power. Doing so may not always be persuasive, but that obviously doesn’t make it any less important. Since we’re considering persuasion a priority goal in this memo, please consider the following advice through that lens.

1. Lead with Shared Values: Justice, Opportunity, Community, Equity

Starting with values that matter to your audience can help people to “hear” your messages more effectively than dry facts or emotional rhetoric would. Encouraging people to think about shared values encourages aspirational, hopeful thinking. When possible, this can be a better place to start when entering tough conversations than a place of fear or anxiety.

Sample Language:

Sample 1: To work for all of us, the people responsible for our justice system have to be resolute in their commitment to equal treatment and investigations based on evidence, not stereotypes or bias. But too often, police departments use racial profiling, which singles people out because of their race or accent, instead of evidence of wrongdoing. That’s against our national values, it endangers our young people, and it reduces public safety. We need to ensure that law enforcement officials are held to the constitutional standards we value as Americans—protecting public safety and the rights of all.

Sample 2: We’re a better country when we make sure everyone has a chance to meet their full potential. We say we’re a country founded on the ideals of opportunity and equality and we have a real responsibility to live up to those values. Discrimination based on race is contrary to our values and we need to do everything in our power to end it.

2. Use Values as a Bridge, Not a Bypass.

Opening conversations with shared values helps to emphasize society’s role in affording a fair chance to everyone. But starting conversations here does not mean avoiding discussions of race. We suggest bridging from shared values to the roles of racial equity and inclusion in fulfilling those values for all. Doing so can move audiences into a frame of mind that is more solution-oriented and less mired in skepticism about the continued existence of discrimination or our ability to do anything about it.

Sample Language:

It’s in our nation’s interest to ensure that everyone enjoys full and equal opportunity. But that’s not happening in our educational system today, where children of color face overcrowded classrooms, uncertified teachers, and excessive discipline far more often than their white peers. If we don’t attend to those inequalities while improving education for all children, we will never become the nation that we aspire to be.


A beautiful thing about this country is its multiracial character. But right now, we’ve got diversity with a lot of segregation and inequity. I want to see a truly inclusive society. I think we will always struggle as a country toward that—no post-racial society is possible or desirable—but every generation can make progress toward that goal. – Rinku Sen, Race Forward, to NBC News[1]

3. Know the Counter Narratives.

Some themes consistently emerge in conversations about race, particularly from those who do not want to talk about unequal opportunity or the existence of racism. While we all probably feel like we know these narratives inside out, it’s still important to examine them and particularly to watch how they evolve and change. The point in doing this is not to argue against each theme point by point, but to understand what stories are happening in people’s heads when we try to start a productive conversation. A few common themes include:

  • The idea that racism is “largely” over or dying out over time.
  • People of color are obsessed with race.
  • Alleging discrimination is itself racist and divisive.
  • Claiming discrimination is “playing the race card,” opportunistic, hypocritical demagoguery.
  • Civil rights are a crutch for those who lack merit or drive.
  • If we can address class inequality, racial inequity will take care of itself.
  • Racism will always be with us, so it’s a waste of time to talk about it.

4. Talk About the Systemic Obstacles to Equal Opportunity and Equal Justice.

Too often our culture views social problems through an individual lens – what did a person do to “deserve” his or her specific condition or circumstance? But we know that history, policies, culture and many other factors beyond individual choices have gotten us to where we are today.

When we’re hoping to show the existence of discrimination or racism by pointing out racially unequal conditions, it’s particularly important to tell a full story that links cause (history) and effect (outcome). Without this important link, some audiences can walk away believing that our health care, criminal justice or educational systems work fine and therefore differing outcomes exist because BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and/or People of Color) are doing something wrong.


“The widely-discussed phenomenon of ‘driving while black’ illustrates the potential abuse of discretion by law enforcement. A two-year study of 13,566 officer-initiated traffic stops in a Midwestern city revealed that minority drivers were stopped at a higher rate than whites and were also searched for contraband at a higher rate than their white counterparts. Yet, officers were no more likely to find contraband on minority motorists than white motorists.” – The Sentencing Project publication, “Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Policymakers”[2]

“Native Americans and Alaska Natives are often unable to vote because there are no polling places anywhere near them. Some communities, such as the Duck Valley Reservation in Nevada and the Goshute Reservation in Utah, are located more than 100 miles from the nearest polling place.” – Julian Brave NoiseCat, Native Issues Fellow at the Huffington Post[3]

5. Be Rigorously Solution-Oriented and Forward-Looking.

After laying the groundwork for how the problem has developed, it’s key to move quickly to solutions. Some people who understand that unequal opportunity exists may also believe that nothing can be done about it, leading to “compassion fatigue” and inaction. Wherever possible, link a description of the problem to a clear, positive solution and action, and point out who is responsible for taking that action.

Sample Language:

Sample 1: Asian Americans often face particularly steep obstacles to needed health care because of language and cultural barriers, as well as limited insurance coverage. Our Legislature can knock down these barriers by putting policies in place that train health professionals, provide English language learning programs, and organize community health centers.

Sample 2: The Department of Justice, Congress, local and state legislatures, and prosecutors’ offices should ensure that there is fairness in the prosecutorial decision-making process by requiring routine implicit bias training for prosecutors; routine review of data metrics to expose and address racial inequity; and the incorporation of racial impact review in performance review for individual prosecutors. DOJ should issue guidance to prosecutors on reducing the impact of implicit bias in prosecution.[4]


“Organizing to achieve public policy change is one major aspect of our larger mission to create freedom and justice for all Black people. Our aim is to equip young people with a clear set of public policy goals to organize towards and win in their local communities.” –BYP 100, “Agenda to Keep Us Safe,” website[5]

6. Consider Audience and Goals.

In any communications persuasion strategy, we should recognize that different audiences need different messages and different resources. In engaging on topics around race, racism, and racial justice, this is particularly important. We all know that people throughout the country are in very different places when it comes to their understanding of racial justice issues and their willingness to talk about them. While white people in particular need anti-racism resources and messaging that brings them into conversations about racism, there exists uncertainty or inexperience in other groups when it comes to talking about, for instance, anti-Black racism, stereotypes around indigenous communities, or anti-immigrant sentiments that are highly racialized. In strategizing about audience, the goal should be to both energize the base and persuade the undecided. A few questions to consider:

Who are you hoping to influence?Narrowing down your target audience helps to refine your strategy.
What do you want them to do?Determine the appropriate action for your audience and strategy. Sometimes you may have direct access to decision makers and are working to change their minds. Other times you may have access to other people who influence the decision makers.
What do you know about their current thinking?From public opinion research, social media scans, their own words, etc.
What do you want to change about that?Consider the change in thinking that needs to happen to cause action.
Who do they listen to?Identify the media they consume and the people who are likely to influence their thinking. This may be an opportunity to reach out to allies to serve as spokespeople if they might carry more weight with certain audiences.

7. Be Explicit About the Intertwined Relationship Between Racism and Economic Opportunity and the Reverberating Consequences.

Many audiences prefer to think that socio-economic factors stand on their own and that if, say, the education system were more equitable, or job opportunities more plentiful, then we would see equal opportunity for everyone. Racism perpetuates poverty among BIPOC and leads these communities to be stratified into living in neighborhoods that lack the resources of white peers with similar incomes. That said, we need to be clear that racism causes more and different problems than poverty, low-resourced neighborhoods or challenged educational systems do and that fixing those things is not enough. They are interrelated, to be sure, but study after study, as well as so many people’s lived experiences, show that even after adjusting for socio-economic factors, racial inequity persists.


Black boys raised in America, even in the wealthiest families and living in some of the most well-to-do neighborhoods, still earn less in adulthood than white boys with similar backgrounds, according to a new study that traced the lives of millions of children.

White boys who grow up rich are likely to remain that way. Black boys raised at the top, however, are more likely to become poor than to stay wealthy in their own adult households.

Even when children grow up next to each other with parents who earn similar incomes, black boys fare worse than white boys in 99 percent of America. And the gaps only worsen in the kind of neighborhoods that promise low poverty and good schools.[6]

8. Describe How Racial Bias and Discrimination Hold Us All Back.

In addition to showing how discrimination and unequal opportunity harm people of color, it’s important to explain how systemic biases affect all of us and prevent us from achieving our full potential as a country. We can never truly become a land of opportunity while we allow racial inequity to persist. And ensuring equal opportunity for all is in our shared economic and societal interest. In fact, eight in ten Americans believe that society functions better when all groups have an equal chance in life.[7]

Research also shows that people are more likely to acknowledge that discrimination against other groups is a problem – and more likely to want to do something about it – if they themselves have experienced it. Most people have at some point felt on the “outside” or that they were unfairly excluded from something, and six in ten report that they’ve experienced discrimination based on race, ethnicity, economic status, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs or accent.[8] Reminding people of this feeling can help them think about what racism and oppression really mean for others as well as themselves.

Sample Language:

Virtually all of us have been part of a family with kids, some of us are single parents, and many of us will face disabilities as we age. Many of those circumstances lead to being treated differently – maybe in finding housing, looking for a job, getting an education. We need strong laws that knock down arbitrary and subtle barriers to equal access that any of us might face.


“Discrimination isn’t just an insult to our most basic notions of fairness. It also costs us money, because those who are discriminated against are unable to make the best use of their talents. This not only hurts them, it hurts us all, as some of our best and brightest players are, in essence, sidelined, unable to make their full contributions to our economy.” – David Futrelle, Economic Reporter in Time Magazine[9]

“Racial inclusion and income inequality are key factors driving regional economic growth, and are positively associated with growth in employment, output, productivity, and per capita income, according to an analysis of 118 metropolitan regions. … Regions that became more equitable in the 1990s—with reductions in racial segregation, income disparities, or concentrated poverty—experienced greater economic growth as measured by increased per capita income.” – PolicyLink publication, “All-In Nation”[10]

9. Listen to and Center the Voices of BIPOC.

As social justice advocates, we should be accustomed to centering the voices of those who are most affected by any issue. It should go without saying that when talking about racism, that BIPOC should lead the strategies about how to counter it and dismantle white supremacy. This means:

  • Taking cues from anti-racist BIPOC leaders on things like preferred language and strategy;
  • Reducing erasure and unpaid labor by giving credit and/or compensation to BIPOC who have sparked movements, coined terms, tested and spread language and so on; and
  • Being vigilant in ensuring that those who have power in our movement share that power with BIPOC, particularly those whose voices have been marginalized and those who experience multiple barriers due biases that affect them intersectionally on many levels.

Centering anti-racist BIPOC voices does not mean expecting members of each group to relive their particular oppression by describing it — or examples of it — for the benefit of the larger movement.

It also does not mean expecting only BIPOC to speak out about racism and oppression. There is room for many voices and a role for different people with different audiences to do the work of changing the narrative about race in this country.

10. Embrace and Communicate Our Racial and Ethnic Diversity while Decentering Whiteness as a Lens and Central Frame.

Underscore that different people and communities encounter differing types of stereotypes and discrimination based on diverse and intersectional identities. This may mean, for example, explaining the sovereign status of tribal nations, the unique challenges posed by treaty violations, and the specific solutions that are needed. At the same time, we need to place whiteness in the context it deserves: as a part of the larger whole and not the center of it. Too often even well-meaning language assume white as the “norm,” which implies that anyone else is an “other.”

Sample Language:

The United States purports to revere the ideals of equality and opportunity. But we’ve never lived up to these ideals, and some of us face more barriers than others in achieving this because of who we are, what we look like or where we come from. We have to recognize this and move toward the ideal that we should all be able to live up to our own potential, whether we are new to this country, or living in disadvantaged neighborhoods, on reservations that are facing economic challenges, or in abandoned factory towns.


“We affirm our commitment to stand against environmental racism and to support Indigenous sovereignty. Across the United States, Black and Brown communities are subject to higher rates of asthma and other diseases resulting from pollution and malnutrition; as demonstrated recently not only at Standing Rock but also through the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Our neighborhoods are more likely to have landfills, toxic factories, fracking, and other forms of environmental violence inflicted on them. We will not let this continue.” – Million Hoodies, blog[11]

“At best, white people have been taught not to mention that people of colour are ‘different’ in case it offends us. They truly believe that the experiences of their life as a result of their skin colour can and should be universal. I just can’t engage with the bewilderment and the defensiveness as they try to grapple with the fact that not everyone experiences the world in the way that they do.

They’ve never had to think about what it means, in power terms, to be white, so any time they’re vaguely reminded of this fact, they interpret it as an affront. Their eyes glaze over in boredom or widen in indignation. Their mouths start twitching as they get defensive. Their throats open up as they try to interrupt, itching to talk over you but not to really listen, because they need to let you know that you’ve got it wrong.” – Reni Eddo-Lodge, author[12]

“The internment was a dark chapter of American history, in which 120,000 people, including me and my family, lost our homes, our livelihoods, and our freedoms because we happened to look like the people who bombed Pearl Harbor. … ‘National security’ must never again be permitted to justify wholesale denial of constitutional rights and protections. If it is freedom and our way of life that we fight for, our first obligation is to ensure that our own government adheres to those principles. Without that, we are no better than our enemies. … The very same arguments echo today, on the assumption that a handful of presumed radical elements within the Muslim community necessitates draconian measures against the whole, all in the name of national security.” – George Takei, actor, in the Washington Post[13]

Applying the Lessons

VPSA: Value, Problem, Solution, Action

One useful approach to tying these lessons together is to structure communications around Value, Problem, Solution, and Action, meaning that each message contains these four key components: Values (why the audience should care, and how they will connect the issue to themselves), Problem (framed as a threat to the shared values we have just invoked), Solution (stating what you’re for), and Action (a concrete ask of the audience, to ensure engagement and movement).



To work for all of us, our justice system depends on equal treatment and investigations based on evidence, not stereotypes or bias.


But many communities continue to experience racial profiling, where members are singled out only because of what they look like. In one Maryland study, 17.5% of motorists speeding on a parkway were African-American, and 74.7% were white, yet over 70% of the drivers whom police stopped and searched were black, and at least one trooper searched only African American. Officers were no more likely to find contraband on black motorists than white motorists. These practices erode community trust in police and make the goal of true community safety more difficult to achieve.


We need shared data on police interactions with the public that show who police are stopping, arresting and why. These kinds of data encourage transparency and trust and help police strategize on how to improve their work. They also help communities get a clear picture of police interactions in the community.


Urge your local police department to join police from around the country and participate in these important shared databases.



We’re a better country when we make sure everyone has a chance to meet his, her, or their potential. We say we’re a country founded on the ideals of opportunity and equality and we have a real responsibility to live up to those values. Racism is a particular affront to our values and we need to do everything in our power to end it.


Yet we know that racism persists, and that its effects can be devastating. For instance, African American pregnant women are two to three times more likely to experience premature birth and three times more likely to give birth to a low birth weight infant. This disparity persists even after controlling for factors, such as low income, low education, and alcohol and tobacco use. To explain these persistent differences, researchers now say that it’s likely the chronic stress of racism that negatively affects the body’s hormonal levels and increases the likelihood of premature birth and low birth weights.


We all have a responsibility to examine the causes and effects of racism in our country. We have to educate ourselves and learn how to talk about them with those around us. While we’ve made some important progress in decreasing discrimination and racism, we can’t pretend we’ve moved beyond it completely.


Join a racial justice campaign near you.



We believe in treating everybody fairly, regardless of what they look like or where their ancestors came from.


But what we believe consciously and what we feel and do unconsciously can be two very different things and despite our best attempts to rid ourselves of prejudices and stereotypes, we all have them – it just depends how conscious they are. All of us today know people of different races and ethnicities. And we usually treat each other respectfully and joke around together at work. But for most of us – Americans of all colors – the subtle or not so subtle attitudes of our parents or grandparents, who grew up in a different time, are still with us, even if we consciously reject them.


Personally, I look forward to the day when we can all see past color—all of us, white and black, brown and Asian. To do that, we all have to be aware of what’s going on in our own heads right now. And how that collective bias has shaped our history and where we are now.


But we’re just not there yet. Let’s make it a priority to get there. [14]



[2] The Sentencing Project. Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Policymakers, 2008





[7] The Opportunity Agenda/Langer Associates. The Opportunity Survey, 2014.

[8] Ibid.




[12] Reni Eddo-Lodge: Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, The Guardian (May 31, 2017)

[13] George Takei: They interned my family. Don’t let them do it to Muslims Washington Post (November 18, 2016).

[14] Modified from messages tested in Speaking to the Public about Unconscious Prejudice: Meta-issues on Race and Ethnicity. Drew Westen, Ph.D. March 2014

California Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss

Corruption Defined
Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss
As for the Appeals Court, the appeals court bases it’s decision to dismiss al-Hakim’s appeal entirely on CSAA’s contention that al-Hakim had failed and refused to comply with an unserved discovery request that was unopposed and as such should have their unserved motion to dismiss granted!
Defendants obtained this order from Commissioner Rausch as the product of fraud and deceit when again defendants got an UNOPPOSED order as al-Hakim was NEVER served any interrogatories and requests for the production of documents BUT Brand granted the Motion of al-Hakim to vacate and set aside the related order on MOTION NO. 3. of 4/16/18. (Filed 9/14/18) 
Nor did defendants serve a motion to dismiss the appeal by CSAA, nor did al-Hakim receive any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA. 
MOTION NO. 3. (see 2/25/19 Brand Challenge at ¶¶ 18, Page 34-35)
Even though Brand set aside the order, his ruling is willfully blind, bias, prejudice, shrouded in fraud as he attempts to ignore the existence of the Fraud, Deception, Misrepresentation and Bad Faith Conduct of Defendants. Here Brand was presented with evidence of defendants sworn statements that clearly establish their fraud of al-Hakim, Extrinsic fraud upon the court, the People of the State of California by not having served the alleged documents, yet in his order he advocated a judicial imprimatur of the defense’s theory and demands “within 21 days of service of this order, Al-Hakim must produce responses to interrogatories (set one) and requests for the production of documents (set one). The responses must be without objection and must be verified” He totally disregards the fact that al-Hakim WAS NEVER SERVED, thus CAN NOT RESPOND!!
al-Hakim has expressed repeatedly to the courts that he was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, nor any motion to compel discovery by CSAA, and this is clearly a well established patterned litigation practice employed by them and al-Hakim has brought this fact to the attention of the courts many, many times before as well as CSAA historically NEVER has any supporting proof of service that is legally and properly executed, is always unsigned so that they are NOT under the penalty of perjury. The orders are the unsavory product of CSAA’s unscrupulous, immoral fraud and that immorality has been drastically redefined in recent times, arguably the boundaries of what is judicially acceptable remain publicly policed!
So how is it possible that the Appeals Court would be silent, not providing ANY proof of their having EVER served ANY notice of any kind of their receiving the motion to dismiss, NOTHING served on me even remotely noticing the motion, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling as he usually would. 
The matters of the courts failure and refusal to serve ANY notice of ANY type regarding as serious a matter as a dismissal of an action against the obvious corruption of a judge or judges combined with the failure and refusal of the reviewing judge smacks of blatant GRAND CORRUPTION of ALL INVOLVED, ESPECIALLY AND INCLUDING THOSE THAT COVER IT UP COMMITTING AN EVEN GREATER CRIME!!!
Alameda Superior Court and Appeals Corruption

Judge Brands ruling granting the motion to vacate and set aside the order granting defendants motion to compel interrogatories and sanctions due to NON SERVICE.
On October 12, 2018, the Appeals Court sent a reply that merely mentions that the defendants had submitted a proof of service dated June 22, 2018, that was allegedly served via mail and electronically to two different email addresses, 1) one that CSAA has admitted to the courts that has been blocked from sending email to for years due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval and 2) the other email address he knows is not al-Hakim. There NEVER was any U.S. mail nor personal service of any documents.
In several documents filed with the courts, Attorney John Bradley sworn under the penalty of perjury in a November 29, 2017 letter to al-Hakim that he will neither serve nor accept service via email and has not done so!
At the November 22, 2017 hearing, Bradley could not and did not produce a valid, properly executed proof of service which is why his deputy counsel Colwell could not enforce his unserved motion for the issuance of an order to show cause re: sale of dwelling.
Secondly, al-Hakim notified Bradley by letter, fax and email on December 4, 2017, that Bradley’s email was blocked due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval. This notice was given months, nearly a year before Bradley claims that it was problematic and he fails to explain how al-Hakim has problems with receiving mail at his home because Bradley alleges that “he does NOT live there and is not there everyday”. al-Hakim does NOT deliver the mail to his home and in no way would be involved nor responsible for that task!
NOW THE ENTIRE UNDERPINNINGS OF JUDGE JONES DECISION TO DISMISS al-HAKIM’S APPEAL HAVE VANISHED except the remaining Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; Manipulation; Cause Due to Criminal Conduct In Violation of The Law!
The Appeals court, Judge Barbara Jones and the court clerks are blocking and providing interference for judge Kim Colwell to make her “end run” and complete her fraud and corruption in her Order for sale of al-Hakim’s Dwelling BEFORE the Motion to Vacate the Order, which was uncontested by defendants, was to be heard and has been continued by the court under an illegal Appeals stay since February 2018. 
al-Hakim’s Motion to Vacate the Order granting the sale of plaintiff home is NOT an appealable order and is NOT subject to the automatic stay pending appeals, just as the defendants motion for sale of the dwelling with an undertaking is NOT subject to the automatic stay, which Colwell ruled the sale of dwelling could and did go forward, yet she has continued to delay the resolution to plaintiff’s motion to vacate that was uncontested by defendants! This would reverse the ruling made by Judge Colwell for the sale of the Dwelling!!!
For eight months Colwell had been begging the Appeals court to expedite the Remitter in the motion to dismiss so she can quickly rule on the motion to vacate with a denial! 
For the Appeals Court to deny such a serious motion when the appeals court was willfully and intentionally derelict in their NON-SERVICE of ANY notices to al-Hakim and CSAA obvious fraud, there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people! It is even more enlightening in respects to the calumny deceit and denial of due process employed in it, that al-Hakim have complained of for years. This order in response to al-Hakim’s actions of merely invoking his rights to petition the courts was the very epitome of specious retaliation and heinous denial of due process FORCED on al-Hakim by defendants.
On March 18, 2019, January 10 and 7, 2019 and November 7, 2018, filed and served complaints with Chief Justice Cantil-Sakauye and Associate Justices of the Court, Beth Robbins, and Charles Johnson requesting an investigation of and urging both the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal to grant review of the Court of Appeal’s decision in al-HAKIM VS CSAA- Wellpoint (2018) California Appeals Court Case# 153510, and now California Supreme Court Case# S-250997. Order from the Appeals Court dated July 16, 2018
al-Hakim has received NO response from the State Supreme nor Appeals Courts and their response and the admissions of the facts, evidence, testimony, and proof from their findings of what happened in this incident has a drastic effect on this case as it will NOT “go away” merely because you chose to ignore it! We DEMAND ANSWERS TO THIS CONTINUING CRIME!
Defendants “appeal covers more than just a failure to comply with a court order. It includes obstructive tactics and frustration or obstruction of legitimate efforts to enforce a judgment.” as again al-Hakim was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice, and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Reasoner or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling, which is the norm, and there is NO RECORD of any type that any of them sent any notice of any type to al-Hakim!
These matters are currently being investigated.
Oakland City Attorney Gives Case File To Defendants Stephan Barber and Law Firm Ropers Majeski, Doesn’t Tell Court or Plaintiffs!

Non-Service of Process Tactic
This tactic employed by the courts and defendants of failing to serve documents on al-Hakim is a major part of the litigation scheme carried out solely for the purpose of espousing defendants vitriol of Trump-esq hate induced 20 year strategy of FRAUD, DECIET, RACISM, RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY, AND INTOLERANCE, PREJUDICE, stirring the animus of the court to provoke acrimony toward al-Hakim, fostering calumny deceit within the judicial and legal community, knowingly using fraudulent, misleading, false and larcenous documentation provided by Defendants attempting to foist upon plaintiff and the courts the imprimatur of substantiating documentary evidence in denial of al-Hakim’s civil rights and immunity from takings of property without due process is a gross abuse of discretion in violation of the law is objectively unreasonable and was undertaken intentionally with malice, willfulness, and reckless indifference to the rights of al-Hakim in lieu of proper litigation.
Brand’s order has merely substantiated the evidence of the continuing Superior Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; and Manipulation.
These efforts of CSAA is tantamount to a scheme to hinder, deny and defraud al-Hakim in violation of the laws above and can qualify as a Hate Crime under the Unruh and Ralph Civil Rights and the Bane Acts, while they are clear acts of religious bigotry and intolerance for which al-Hakim will not allow.

The “COURTEL” Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats

The “COURTEL” Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats


Due to the Grand Systemic and Endemic Corruption, that includes Judicial/Legal Systemic Racism as a subset, that provides for the unlawful, and unconstitutional acts of The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, the Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats, the al-Hakim Family has suffered the unfathomable loss of their homes, their businesses, their incomes, their life’s assets, their credit worthiness, their friends and associates! 
Those Judicial/Legal, Government and Law Enforcement Bodies, Agencies and Political Officials identified in the COURTEL, are listed in the “THE COURTEL,THE COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL” Page on this website at:; and those identified as Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats are listed BELOW! Those identified as “THE COURTEL”, include ALL those referenced in both The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, plus the Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats collectively in total!
ABDUL-JALIL al-HAKIM, his family members Harun al-Hakim-Miller, Jalil Omar al-Hakim, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, Joette al-Hakim-Hall, Patty Flenory, and their siblings; and their business entities Superstar Management, The Genius of Randy Wallace, Inc., the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation (AMWF),, eX-whY Adventures, and communities that they serve, have suffered through over 50 years of continuing great and irreparable harm, which continues to this date.
The COURTEL disabled, stole and sold their home, businesses, retirement funds, cars, trucks, assets, revoked al-Hakim’s drivers license and passport: forcing the loss of income from oversea’s employment, touring and booking dates; business and pleasure travel; prohibited from serving in Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation (AMWF) relief missions in Haiti and Africa willfully and intentionally deprived al-Hakim, his family and business of their civil rights, religious rights, right to fair competition and right to due process under the law and insurance contract; the benefits under the contract; the peace of mind and economic security purchased under the contract; the prospects of full and healthy lives for the past forty years and in the untold future; the normal course of their lives and the pursuit of happiness which will never be recovered; al-Hakim, his family and business has been harmed BEYOND COMPREHENSION!
The COURTEL and District Attorney admitted stealing child support paid to them in trust for al-Hakim’s daughter and extorted al-Hakim to pay it again; al-Hakim’s appeal of the District Attorney’s fraud and extortion was handled by then Attorney General Jerry Brown and later Kamala Harris whom substituted in as attorneys in the interest of justice, yet they was supposed to be investigating these same parties crimes as part of the U. S. Attorney General’s action al-Hakim filed in 2005; they suspended al-Hakim’s drivers license since 2004 for the DA’s admitted fraud in an effort to extort him into paying for their fraud; at the same time revoked al-Hakim’s passport denying his ability to travel or gain employment internationally for the DA’s admitted fraud in an effort to extort him into paying for their fraud; the California State Franchise Tax Board illegally raided two al-Hakim’s retirement money market and business accounts with fraudulent, fictitious double billed bank levies on both business and personal bank accounts; the COURTEL (DA’s office, Hayward Police Department, California Bureau of Automotive Repair) have dismantled an auto leaving it in parts; they have impounded and sold another SUV truck used in their family non-profit foundation; Bankruptcy judge Randall Newsome fabricated the audio and written record of a hearing and three times demanded al-Hakim work with Trustee and attorneys to continue performing management duties for M. C. Hammer and when al-Hakim refused to work free, the judge made a “take it or leave it” offer compromising al-Hakim’s $1.7 million claim, resulting in al-Hakim getting $0; another Federal Bankruptcy Trustee stole $10,000 from al-Hakim in a Bankruptcy case involving court ordered restitution to be paid to al-Hakim from the police burglary of al-Hakim’s computer store; among others! 
This is criminal fraud upon the court and law, extrinsic fraud — fraud on the al-Hakim, which prevented him from having his days in court and has deprived him and his family of the celebration of their daily lives with the pursuit of happiness, ruined their health, destroyed their businesses, their savings of their lifetimes, All this in retaliation for exercising federal protections against the onslaught of record setting violations of federally protected rights, and in retaliation for reporting criminal activities in which The COURTEL, Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats with their conspiring offending parties were implicated.
Appeals and Superior Court Corruption

This COURTEL, Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats have deprived al-Hakim and his family of the celebration of their daily lives with the pursuit of happiness, ruined their health, destroyed their businesses, the savings of a lifetime, with their fraud upon the court inflicting maximum emotion distress, pain and suffering, forbidding and denying the basic and elementary pursuit of happiness, casting them into an uncontrollable downward spiraling infinite moribund density, schism, chasm, of life threatening and life altering danger and crippling poverty without end until death!

The COURTEL’S insidious and fatal legal intrusion into the al-Hakim’s lives has maimed and dismember the al-Hakim family; shattered their hopes, dreams, aspirations; murdered their lives through oppression and persecution; causing, forcing their death from this slaughter and torture, as they destroy al-Hakim’s iconic, role model status, ruined his public persona and business reputation, and sullied his professional integrity by casting aspersions upon him with GREAT pain and suffering!
The COURTEL’S illegal eviction of al-Hakim from the defaulted Green Key case, forced him, his family and businesses out of his home with only two days to move and was unable to take anything! ALL al-Hakim’s entire 70 years life long obtained belongings, every invaluable item he has ever acquired, including everything of his family’s personal property and his businesses property documented over $600,000, ALL his belongings from 40 years of residing in the home and was forced to leave EVERYTHING, a completely furnished, 5 bedroom, 19 room, 3,800 sq ft home, including his business and personal property, includes ALL personal and business effects, computers and electronics, jewelry, artwork, audio and video recorder equipment and tapes, chandeliers, silver and china ware, household items, furniture and fixtures, valuables, clothing, gym and exercise equipment, spa and swimming pool goods, bedroom goods, kitchen ware, ALL food and nutrition goods, supplies, gardening and pool supplies, tools, accessories and supplies. 
Additionally, there was over $100,000 in clothing, clothing accessories, sporting goods and equipment, clothing racks, displays, manikins, athletic wear, gear, accessories, inventory of the family 62 year old non-profit, the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation, alone! These are among other things that were in the home on the premises. 
Of note is the fact al-Hakim was forced to leave all his personal and business files that are now in the custody and control of the COURTEL’S. al-Hakim has NONE of the files he had accumulated over his life of years!
The COURTEL’S has total possession and control of ALL al-Hakim’s possessions, Four times al-Hakim has demanded the return of EVERYTHING, ALL ITEMS LEFT IN THE HOUSE, WITHOUT ANY DAMAGE TO THEM! COURTEL and defendants has NEVER responded to the demand and we are sure the items of interest are in the complete control of the COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats!
The COURTEL’S tactics is designed to instill fear into al-Hakim and his family, to capture them in the snare of the legal system- civil and criminal, with prosecuting judges, police and district attorney in ALL their cases…… without justice, stealing their lives, businesses, human and civil rights, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom are ALL in jeopardy of peril. Justice is what they want you to buy into and adhere to while they use it as a smoke screen to deny you that same justice they NEVER intended for you!
Kamala Harris, whom substituted in as attorneys in the interest of justice, was acting or purporting to act in the performance of their official duties, FILED DOCUMENTS THAT THEY WERE REPRESENTING the al-Hakim Family members Harun al-Hakim-Miller, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, Joette al-Hakim-Hall, Patty Flenory; the VERY SAME PARTIES THEY ADMITTED TO HAVE STOLEN, MISAPPROPRIATED, AND DEFRAUDED THE CHILD SUPPORT PAID TO THEM IN TRUST FOR THE MINOR GIRLS AND THEN EXTORTED THE FATHER TO PAY IT AGAIN; wherein this conduct violated the girls’s civil rights, religious rights, right to fair competition and right to due process under the law and is an inherent threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom; yet Kamala Harris and the Attorney General’s Office was supposed to be investigating these same parties crimes as part of the U. S. Attorney General’s action al-Hakim filed in 2005! THERE IS NO GREATER CONFLICT OF INTEREST THEN THIS OBVIOUS AND ADMITTED DEFRAUDING OF TWO MINOR GIRLS CHILD SUPPORT PERPETRATED BY KAMALA HARRIS IN THE INTEREST OF JUSTICE IN THE HISTORY IF JUSTICE!!
The COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, these corrupt judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities are more dangerous to our liberty, than any of the enemy it claims to protect us from. Why have these people and organizations been so derelict while failing and refusing so miserably to enforce the same rules of conduct and law on incompetent, mendacious judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities after so many complaints filed? They have allowed these same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities to act as if in a trance… trying to destroy al-Hakim and demonized al-Hakim to prosecute, persecute and disparaged al-Hakim whom was guilty only of advocating and standing up for his civil and human rights and right to due process. These same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities are allowed to use court orders to threaten to fine, jail and pauperize al-Hakim. 
Did the COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, these same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities honestly and fairly serve al-Hakim and this generation of Americans by failing and refusing to prosecute these serious charges, and did they do what it takes to defeat the inherent threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom? Sadly — of course — the distance of history will recognize that the threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom that al-Hakim and this generation of Americans needed to take seriously… was The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, with their Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, the same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities that they are suppose to Protect and Defend US FROM!
Herein you will find those identified in the al-Hakim cases as being involved in this COURTEL culled from the case files ALL of whom are and will be a NAMED DEFENDANTS, WITNESSES, and SNITCHES are:
United States Senator Dianne Feinstein
United States Congresswoman Barbara Lee, Anne Taylor, Elaine McKellar, Lauren Riggs, Saundra Andrews, Leslie Littleton and ALL former and current employees
California State Governor: Gavin Newsome, former Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown Jr., Evan Westrep and ALL former and current employees
California State Senator Kamala Harris and ALL members of her office including but not limited to Nathan Barankin, Debbie Mesloh, Michael Troncoso, Tony West, Shaeda Ahmadi, Clint Odom, Lily Adams, Tyrone Gayle and Rohini Kosoglu, Brenda Gonzalez, Andy Vargas, Shawn Haq, Josh Hsu, Daniel Chen, Sergio Gonzales, Kate Waters, Zev Karlin-Neumann, Halie Soifer,
California State Franchise Tax Board: Vu Tran, Emelda Nanca, Margaritas Escoveda, Selvi Stanislaus, Connie Aceves, Eric Scheidegger, Sheree Haris, Jeffery Lin, Iselma Bueno, Virginia, Patricia, Sharon Jones, and ALL former and current employees
California State Senator Loni Hancock, Michelle Milam, Terri Waller, Melissa Male, Nathan Rapp, and ALL former and current employees
Former California State Assemblyman Sandre Swanson, staff Carol Jones, Charlene Washington, Adam Jones, Larry Broussard, Danita Blair, Amber Maltbie, Monica Vejar, Amanda, and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Administrator: Susan Muranishi, Donna Linton and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Office of the Treasure And Tax Collector, Donald R. White, Elvia Quiroga, Jack Wong and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Supervisor Kieth Carson, Rodney Brooks, Mina Sanchez and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Supervisors: Nate Miley, Andra Wicks, and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Clerk-Recorder
City of Oakland Mayor: Libby Schaff, Tomiquia Moss, Shereda Nosakhare, Peggy Moore, Erica Terry Derryck, Audrey Cortes, Matt Nichols, David Silver, Jose Corona, Michael Hunt, Karely Ordaz Salto, former Mayors Ron Dellums, former Mayor Jean Quan, Trina Barton, Diane Boyd, Miguel Bustos, Kitty Kelly Epstein, VaShone Huff, Earl Johnson, Cheryal Kidd, Marisol Lopez, Vincent Mackey, Paul Rose, Daniel Boggan Jr., Karen Stevenson, Rich Cowan, Lewis Cohen, Karen Boyd, Anne Campbell Washington, Reygan Harmon, Susan Piper, former Mayor Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown, Jacque Barzaghi and ALL former and current employees
Oakland City Attorney: Barbara J. Parker, former City Attorney John Russo and Jayne Williams the City Attorney’s Office, Mark Morodomi, Randy Hall, Janie Wong, Anita Hong, Sophia Li, Demetruis Shelton, Elizabeth Allen, Erica Harrold, Michele Abbey, Deborah Walther, Anita Flores, and former employee Pat Smith
Oakland City Administrator: Sabrina Landreth, former Deanna J. Santana, Dan Lindhiem, Fred Blackwell, Kathy Kessler, Barbara B. Killey, Marjo R. Keller, Amber Todd, Ann Campbell-Washington, Winnie Woo, Gia Casteel-Brown, Claudia Cappio, Stephanie Hom and ALL former and current employees
City of Oakland Fire Department: Weldon Clemons, James A. Williams, the and ALL former and current employees
Oakland City Auditor: Brenda Roberts, S. Lawrence, Maya Collins
City of Oakland Public Works: Brooke A. Levin, former Director Vitaly B. Troyan, Gary Pilecki, Julius M. Kale Jr., Allan Law, Gunawan Santoso, James Lowrie, Lorenzo Garcia, Jaime Ramey, Michael Neary, Donna F. Enright, Tim Low, Rich Fielding, Sarah Flewellen, Jason Wong, J. R. Nicks, Henry “Bubba” Rushing, Dana, Sabrina Jones, Yolanda Hartfield, Fred Lozar, Marcel Banks, Eldridge Person, Perry, Ron Gittings and ALL former and current employees;
Oakland Police Department: former Chief George Hart, Anne E. Kirkpatrick,Richard Word, John Lois, Sgt. Eric Milina, Johnna Watson, Marco Marquez, Ersie Joyner III, Reygan Harmon, Kirk Coleman, Frank Morrow Jr., Jad Jadallah, Chris Bolton, Fred Jenkins, Capt. Trevino, Sgt. Gonzalez, Jonas Jones, George Philips, Sgt. M. Poirier, Capt Alison, Lt. Hamilton, Sgt. Wingate, Bill Denny, Ofc. M Ziebarth #8281, Cpt. Dorherty, Mike Morris, Danielle Ashford, Sgt. Green, Ofc. Anderson, Anthony Batts, Howard Jordan, Rebecca Campbell, Cassandra, Marc Hicks, Ron Lighten and ALL former and current employees
City of Oakland’s Ethics Office: City of Oakland FOIC Point of Contacts: Crystal Ramie-Adams, Arlene Flores-Medina , James Bondi, Ellen Dillard, Tiffany Millinder-Heard , Susan A. Sanchez , Maya Collins, Nal Phan, Mary Mayberry, Annie To, Patricia Carter , Amber Fuller , Rebecca Kozak, Dana Perez, Victoria Chak , Rogelio Medalla , Shahla Azimi , Novene Fiores, Mani Paschal, Oliver Luby, Jennie E. Gerard , Brigitte Cook , Shereda Nosakhare , Clara P. Garzon , Desley Brooks , Patricia Mossburg, Jason Nicholas Overman 
City of Oakland Councilmembers: Laurence Reid, Desley Brooks, Clara Garcon, Larry Reid, Ray Leon Patricia Mossburg, Dan Kalb, Abel J. Guillen, Lynette Gibson McElhaney, Annie Campbell Washington, Noel Gallo, Rebecca Kaplan former Council members Pat Kernighan and Ignacio De La Fuente and ALL former and current employees
Oakland City Clerk: LaTonda Simmons
City of Oakland Fire Department: Camille J. Rodgers- Vegetation Management Supervisor
City of Oakland Building Code Department: Sandra M. Smith, Rich Fielding, Bill Patchen, Tim Low and ALL former and current employees
City of Oakland Public Ethics Commission: Whitney Barazoto, Milad Dalju, Jonathan Stanley, Barbara Green-Ajufo, Alaric Degrafinried, Alex Paul, Ai Mori, Richard Unger, Amy Dunning, Daniel Purnell- Executive Director, Alix Rosenthal, Lauren Anguis, Daniel Purnell, Tamika Thomas, and ALL former and current employees
The City of Richmond administrators: Trina Jackson, Ranjana Maharaj, Jerry Anderson, Tania Swartz, Helen Agcaoili, Loretta Robbins, LaFaye Walton, Bernadine Anderson, Kris Lofthus, Alicia Nightengale, Courtland “Corky” Boozé, Robyn Kain, Keith Jabari, Jerry Anderson, Bill Lindsay, Leslie Knight, Nat Bates, and ALL former and current employees
Mayor City of Alameda: Marie Gilmore
Law firm of Meyers Nave: Jayne W. Williams- Principal, Michael Nave, Marilee Bass, Edward L. Kreisberg, Eric Firstman, Krysten Hicks, Ruthann Ziegler, Kim Colwell, Kim Drake, Kevin McLaughlin, Deborah Fox, Claudia J. Gorham, Steven Mattras, Courtney Ruby, Mike Macaluso, and ALL former and current employees
Law Firm of Keker & Van Nest LLP: John W. Keker, Robert A. Van Nest, Elliot Remsen Peters, Jon Streeter, Holly Saydah, Joy Scharton and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Lewis Nelson and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Edward C. Bell and ALL former and current employees
Law Offices of Michael C. Cohen: Michael C. Cohen, and ALL former and current employees
Law Offices of Anthony S. Leung, Christopher Leung, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney John F. Bradley, Jr.
Law Firm of McKeown Price, LLC: Frank McKeown, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Wendel Rosen Black & Dean LLP: Chris Noma, Elizabeth Berke-Dreyfuss, and ALL former and current employees
Law Office of Irwin J. Eskanos: Irwin J. Eskanos, Myrna Figueroa
Ellis Law Group: Mark E. Ellis
Eason & Tambornini: Matthew R. Eason, Kyle K.Tambornini
Attorney William Bill Green of Marin County and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Sam Barnum and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Caven, Cleaveland, Murray: Attorney Patricia Walsh, Steve Roberts, William Jemmott and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Norland & Kays: Eric P. Norland and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Archer Norris: Todd Jones, Dan Crowley, William Coggshall, Daniella Arteaga, Eugene Blackard, Jonathan
Bacon, Cesar Alvarado, W. Eric Blumhardt, Gino Cano, and ALL former and current employees

Law firm of Burnham Brown, LLP: Eric Haas,  Lise Arts, Claudia Leed Clark J. Burnham, John J. Verber, Paul Caleo, Richard Finn, Charles Alfonzo, Cathy Arias, Robert M. Bodzin, Susan E. Firtch, Dean Pollack, Darrell T. Thompson, Cathy Arias, Denise Quon, John Verber, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Philip T. Besirof, Roland Brandel, Tony West, the law firm of Morrison & Foerster LLP, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Paul N. “Pete” McCloskey, Jr., the Law firm of Cotchett, Pitre & McCarthy, LLP, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Eric Nyberg, The Law firm of Kornfield Nyberg Bendes & Kuhner, P.C., and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Lombardi Loper and Conant: Attorney Bruce Loper, Matthew Conant, Chris Lavdiotis, Peter Glaessner, Timothy McCaffery, Gay Conant, Ralph Lombardi, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Murphy, Pearson, Bradley, & Feeney: Attorney James Monagle and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Bridgman & Bridgman: Attorney Richard D. Bridgman, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Buty & Curliano LLP: Attorney William Rowell, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm of Binder & Malter LLP, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Walkup Melodia, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Hanson Bridgett Marcus Vlahos: attorney David Alexander, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Abbey Weitzenberg et. al., and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Guichard Teng Portello APC, and ALL former and current employees
Ellis Law Group: Attorney Mark E. Ellis and ALL former and current employees
Eason & Tambornini: Attorney Matthew R. Eason, Kyle K.Tambornini, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney Eugene Schneider, and ALL former and current employees
Attorney John Bradley Jr., and ALL former and current employees
Law Firm of Ropers Majeski: Eugene Majesk, Stephan Barber and ALL former and current employees
Law Firm of  Willoughby Stuart Bening: Ronald J. Cook, Randall E. Willoughby, Alexander F. Stuart, Bradley A. Bening, and ALL former and current employees
MacMorris & Carbone: Stan Michael CSAA, and ALL former and current employees
Caven, Cleaveland, Murray: William Jemmott, Dan Hernandez, Dan Crowley, and ALL former and current employees
Gordon & Rees, LLP: Joel K. Liberson, Fletcher Alford, and ALL former and current employees

Bruce Loper, Matthew Conant, Chris Lavdiotis, Peter Glaessner, Timothy McCaffery, and ALL former and current employees
Daniel Crowley & Assoc.: Daniel Crowley, and ALL former and current employees
Jackson Alternative Dispute Resolution: Attorney Yolanda Marnell Jackson, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Crone Rozynko, LLP: Sean O’Halloran, Greg LaCross, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Bennet, Samuelsen, Reynolds & Allard, Anthony Allard, Thomas Gelini, Stuart C. Gilliam, Richard Reynolds, David J. Samuelsen, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Fitzgerald, Abbot & Beardsley, Elizabeth Clark, Barry Epstein, Fatima Brunson, Jason Holder, Scott Jackson, Anil Kripalani, David Lee, Kristin Pace, Marsha Van Broek, Michael Ward, Richard White, and ALL former and current employeesLaw firm Goldfarb Lipman, LLP, Jennifer Bell, Juliet E. Cox, James Diamond, Heather Gould, John Haywood, Lynn Hutchins, Margaret Jung, Barbara Kautz, Dianne Jackson McLean, Robert C. Mills, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Nossaman LLP: Attorneys Allison M. Dibley, David L. Kimport, Danielle Sveska Gensch, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Murphy, Vu, Tongsamouth and Chaterjee: Attorney Trina Chatterjee, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Kilpatrick, Townsend and Stockton: attorney Roger Hughes, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Burke, Williams, Sorenson: attorney Michelle Kenyon, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Bingham McCutchen: attorney Ray Marshall, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Dhillion and Smith: attorney Harold Peter Smith, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Donahue Gallagher: Attorney David Stein, and ALL former and current employees
Law firm Hawkins Delafield: Attorney Sean Tierney, and ALL former and current employees
The American Inns of Courts
Port of Oakland: former attorney David L. Alexander, Donnell Choy, and ALL former and current employees
JP Morgan Chase & Co: Sanjiv S. Sittampalam, Jim Vallone, Jemma Antczak, Robert Marvin, Gloria Marshall Figueroa, Geoffrey Morton
Twitter: Jack Dorsey, Anthony Noto, Vijaya Gadde, Leslie Berland, Robert Kaiden, Genelle Ng, Amy Keating, Benjamin Lee, and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations,
Interserver: Mike Lavrik, John Quaglieri, Stacey Talieres, Sibin Ibrahim, Taras Tyulyakov, Gnanendra Kumar, Jose Viju, Pawan Kumar, Anoop Vijayan, Sreejith Sreedhar, Joe George, Sadaf Perwez, Anish Vijayan, ALL former and current owners, ALL former and current domestic partners, ALL former and current foreign partners, ALL former and current investors, ALL former and current marketers, ALL former and current promoters, and ALL former and current Interserver employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations,
Google: David Drummond, Joseph Berlin, Darry Chiang, Annabelle Danielvarda, Renee DuPree, Jeffery Heileson, Tina Chia-Chi Hwang, Anna Itoi, Jonathan Manson, Van Nguy, Andrew Orion, Tim Pham, Kulpreet Rana, Anand Rao, Priya Seshachari Sanger, Theresa Beaumont, Nikhil Shanbhag, Kent Walker, Allen Lo, Jim Sherwood, Jeff Donovan, and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations,
Equinix: Brandi Morandi, Kristine Mostofizadeh, and ALL former and current Equinix employees, ALL former and current Interserver employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations,, in your relationship with Interserver.
Travelling Travis Poole, and ALL former and current employees
The Office of Management and Budget: Mick Mulvaney
Consumer Finance Protection Bureau: Wendy Kamenshine Ombudsman
California Office of Business Oversight: Commissioner Jan Lynn Owen, Jeanette Salazar, 
Bureau of Consumer Protection: Tom Pahl, and ALL former and current employees
California Secretary of State: Alex Padilla, and ALL former and current employees
Board of Equalization: David J. Gau, and ALL former and current employees
CLTA and WFG TITLE INSURANCE COMPANY: Steve Winkler, Christine Gula, and ALL former and current employees
California Land Title Association: Craig Page, and ALL former and current employees
The past and present residents of 7633 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Eric Wiesman
Acclamation Insurance Management Services: Doug Kapovich and ALL former and current employees
East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD): Alexander R. Coate, Lynelle M. Lewis, Charles C. Hardy, Alicia Vasquez, Steven J. Martin, Debra Skeaton, Daniel Fuller, Aaron Shear, Theresa A. Edwards, William B. Patterson, Abby Figueroa, Andre Adams, Harve Boddie, Vernon May, Lucious Lyons, Laura Baron-Childers, Steven J. Martin, Stan- Mgr. Field Services and ALL former and current employees
KPFA Radio: Luis Medina- music director, Sasha Lilley- then interim Program Director, Gabrielle Wilson- host for radio programs Ear Thyme, and Jazz Passages, The Gospel Experience Program, Saturday, September 5, 2009 at 8:30 A.M. on Radio Station KPFA 94.1 FM, Berkeley CA., and ALL former and current employees
Beacon Property Management, Stacy Smith- Regional Property Manager,  Mani Lehr, and ALL former and current employees
Athens Insurance Service Administrators: Andre Adams and ALL former and current employees
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Assoc., Inc.: Kent Sasaki and ALL former and current employees
Keith Nofield Land Surveying and The Mount Diablo Surveyors Historical Society: Keith Nofield, and ALL former and current employees
CENTURY 21 Pinnacle: Michael Warren, and ALL former and current employees
Bay Restorators: Everardo Rodriguez Jr., and ALL former and current employees
Sewer Connection, Inc.: Dean Brazil, Ryan and ALL former and current employees
Green Key Investments: Brent Hanson and Sarah Hanson, and ALL former and current employees
Housing Group Fund: Dennis Lanni, the, and ALL former and current employees
Trustors Security Deed Service: Deanna Montgomery, Dennis Lanni,, and ALL former and current employees
Eurisko Development Solutions L.L.C.: Dennis Lanni, Andre Scott, and, and ALL former and current employees
Otolum, Inc., Cdm Holdings, LLC, and Bbskm Family LLC: Dennis Lanni, and Otolum Corporation,, and ALL former and current employees
Zachary Young, and Carolyn M. Young Fiduciary Services, and ALL former and current employees
Bluewater Services, Chris Kirschenheuter and ALL former and current employees
RGA Environmental, Robert Gils, Jeff Kraus, and ALL former and current employees
Hobart Associates, Kathy Hobart, Lisa Fong and ALL former and current employees
Dr. Michael Lenoir and ALL former and current employees
Just Accord, Inc., Attorney David W. Rudy and ALL former and current employees
Ron Magin and ALL former and current employees
Rescue Rooter: Rick Syrett, Rich Staben, Chris Peterson, John, Earnest, Larry, Lonnie, James Baker and ALL former and current employees
California State Automobile Association (CSAA): Douglas Kroll, Randy Rowland, Richard Mackey, Karen McGinnis, Kenneth C. George, Greg Stubblefield, Dennis Spadini, Eller Torres, Lynn M. Koehler, Steve Marshall, Barbara Clark, Bob Finlayson, Don Divencenzi, Peggy Dupont, Kate Overbeck, Rick Hunts, Marilu Zrimc, Londa Leung, Maria Arqueta, Nick Pezzaniti, Sherri Robertson, Joel Theong, Chris Devitto, Matthew Lager, Paul E. Olson and ALL former and current employees
Oakland City Attorney Gives Case File To Defendants Stephan Barber and Law Firm Ropers Majeski, Doesn’t Tell Court or Plaintiffs

Bay Area Carpets: John Sophinus, John Bartha, Jason Ryan, Mike Anuski and ALL former and current employees;
Vanderbilt Construction: Mike Boshard, Rich Jones and ALL former and current employees
Four Star Restorations: Bill Webber and ALL former and current employees
Service Master: John Whiting and ALL former and current employees
London Construction: Dean Jensen and ALL former and current employees
Silva Roofing and ALL former and current employees
Synergy: Sal Vaccaro and ALL former and current employees
D.L. Glaze: David Ceresa, John Ratto, and ALL former and current employees
Restoration Management: John Takata and ALL former and current employees
Purofirst: Margie, Edward and ALL former and current employees
Fowler Associates: Douglas Fowler and ALL former and current employees
Construction Quality Engineers: Dick Anderson and ALL former and current employees
Insurance Technical Services: Karen Smith, Gary Halpin and ALL former and current employees
Sigmund H. Schandrel and ALL his former and current employees
Safe Environments: David Bierman and ALL former and current employees
P.W. Stephens: John, Jamie Tamayo and ALL former and current employees
B & C Construction: Wayne Bellmer and ALL former and current employees
Pipe Pros: Randy Agnetti and ALL former and current employees
Alliance Credit Services Inc: Richard A Segol, Daniel Oditt, Myrna Figueroa,
Eskanos & Adler A Pro Corp: Irwin Eskanos, Barry Adler, dpittman, Julie Hanestad
Eskanos Ventures: Brad Skepner, Vivian, Barry Adler, and ALL former and current employees
Michael Cosentino, Esq. and National Collection Agency represented by Fred Keeperman, Esq. A copy of the papers directed at National Collection Agency, and ALL former and current employees
WFG National Title Insurance Company, and ALL former and current employees
Ronald P. Kaminski, Certified General Real Estate Appraiser, and ALL former and current employees
Brooke L Wamsley, Marshall B Wamsley, Catherine L Wamsley, James L Higgins, Son Hoang,Truong Hoang, Daniel R Tuggle
Wellpoint Asset Recovery, LLC: , and ALL former and current employees 
California State Automobile Association Inter-Insurance Bureau. et al. (CSAA), Kenneth C. George, and ALL former and current employees
GayLynn Kirn Conant,
Colby K. Yeager,
Housing Group Fund Corporation, 
Trustors Security Deed Service:
School Trust #1321: Dennis Lanni, John Bradley Jr., California State Automobile Association Inter-Insurance Bureau. et al. (CSAA), Law Firm of Ropers Majeski: Stephan Barber and Law Firm of Willoughby Stuart Bening: Ronald J. Cook, and ALL former and current employees
Sunkist Trust #7633: Dennis Lanni, Carl Wallace, JoEvelyn Gamble, Harold Wallace, Henry Wallace, Sharon Wallace, Jerline Wallace-Evans, Eunice Wallace-Bell, Ronnie Wallace, Cameron Jackson, John Bradley Jr., Deanna Montgomery, Colin Hammett, Ken Madhvani, Cameron Hammett, Lanette Hammett, Lanny Hammett, and Brooke Hammett, and ALL former and current employees
Eurisko Development Solutions L.L.C.: Dennis Lanni, Deanna Montgomery, Colin Hammett, KenMadhvani, CameronHammett, Lanette Hammett, Lanny Hammett, Brooke Hammett, and ALL former and current employees
WFG National Title Insurance Company, and ALL former and current employees
ZACHARY YOUNG, and ALL former and current employees
The past and present residents of 7641 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: George and Jackie Piljay, Dustin Dalli, Caitlin F. Dobson, Michael D. Dobson, Caitlin J. Farr, Denise T. Coronado, Rogelio G Coronado Ii, Nettie Wilson, John Hudson, Juan Mancheno, Harold Deblander, Marco Manriquez and Mar Con Co., Sharon Foncesca
The past and present residents of 7640 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Wayne Kasom, Howard Roth
The past and present residents of 7634 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Asa J. Watkins Jr., Carol A. Watkins, Bobbie J. Watkins
The past and present residents of 7615 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Carl Sims, Earthy Raylene Sims
The past and present residents of 7627 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: James M. Zeager, Bessie M. Zeager, Sebastian Gauthier
The past and present residents of 7701 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Ron Marcus and Patti Maloney, Ronald D. Maloney, P. M. Marcus, Patti A. Maloney