Ten Lessons for Talking About Race, Racism, and Racial Justice

Ten Lessons for Talking About Race, Racism, and Racial JusticePrograms

Communications and culture have the power to move hearts and minds in ways that facts and advocacy often cannot. We understand this challenge — and built an intersectional communication lab so that, together, we can deliver messages and narratives that speak to Americans’ best selves.

As we strive to improve conversations about race, racism, and racial justice in this country, the environment in which we’re speaking seems to be constantly shifting, which shows that these conversations are more important than ever. We’ve put together some advice on finding entry points based on research, experience, and the input of partners from around the country. This is by no means a complete list, but it is a starting point for moving these discussions forward.

Please note that while there are many reasons to communicate with various audiences about racial justice issues, this memo focuses on messaging with the primary goal of persuading them toward action. There are many times when people need to communicate their anger, frustration, and pain to the world and to speak truth to power. Doing so may not always be persuasive, but that obviously doesn’t make it any less important. Since we’re considering persuasion a priority goal in this memo, please consider the following advice through that lens.

1. Lead with Shared Values: Justice, Opportunity, Community, Equity

Starting with values that matter to your audience can help people to “hear” your messages more effectively than dry facts or emotional rhetoric would. Encouraging people to think about shared values encourages aspirational, hopeful thinking. When possible, this can be a better place to start when entering tough conversations than a place of fear or anxiety.

Sample Language:

Sample 1: To work for all of us, the people responsible for our justice system have to be resolute in their commitment to equal treatment and investigations based on evidence, not stereotypes or bias. But too often, police departments use racial profiling, which singles people out because of their race or accent, instead of evidence of wrongdoing. That’s against our national values, it endangers our young people, and it reduces public safety. We need to ensure that law enforcement officials are held to the constitutional standards we value as Americans—protecting public safety and the rights of all.

Sample 2: We’re a better country when we make sure everyone has a chance to meet their full potential. We say we’re a country founded on the ideals of opportunity and equality and we have a real responsibility to live up to those values. Discrimination based on race is contrary to our values and we need to do everything in our power to end it.

2. Use Values as a Bridge, Not a Bypass.

Opening conversations with shared values helps to emphasize society’s role in affording a fair chance to everyone. But starting conversations here does not mean avoiding discussions of race. We suggest bridging from shared values to the roles of racial equity and inclusion in fulfilling those values for all. Doing so can move audiences into a frame of mind that is more solution-oriented and less mired in skepticism about the continued existence of discrimination or our ability to do anything about it.

Sample Language:

It’s in our nation’s interest to ensure that everyone enjoys full and equal opportunity. But that’s not happening in our educational system today, where children of color face overcrowded classrooms, uncertified teachers, and excessive discipline far more often than their white peers. If we don’t attend to those inequalities while improving education for all children, we will never become the nation that we aspire to be.

Example:

A beautiful thing about this country is its multiracial character. But right now, we’ve got diversity with a lot of segregation and inequity. I want to see a truly inclusive society. I think we will always struggle as a country toward that—no post-racial society is possible or desirable—but every generation can make progress toward that goal. – Rinku Sen, Race Forward, to NBC News[1]

3. Know the Counter Narratives.

Some themes consistently emerge in conversations about race, particularly from those who do not want to talk about unequal opportunity or the existence of racism. While we all probably feel like we know these narratives inside out, it’s still important to examine them and particularly to watch how they evolve and change. The point in doing this is not to argue against each theme point by point, but to understand what stories are happening in people’s heads when we try to start a productive conversation. A few common themes include:

  • The idea that racism is “largely” over or dying out over time.
  • People of color are obsessed with race.
  • Alleging discrimination is itself racist and divisive.
  • Claiming discrimination is “playing the race card,” opportunistic, hypocritical demagoguery.
  • Civil rights are a crutch for those who lack merit or drive.
  • If we can address class inequality, racial inequity will take care of itself.
  • Racism will always be with us, so it’s a waste of time to talk about it.

4. Talk About the Systemic Obstacles to Equal Opportunity and Equal Justice.

Too often our culture views social problems through an individual lens – what did a person do to “deserve” his or her specific condition or circumstance? But we know that history, policies, culture and many other factors beyond individual choices have gotten us to where we are today.

When we’re hoping to show the existence of discrimination or racism by pointing out racially unequal conditions, it’s particularly important to tell a full story that links cause (history) and effect (outcome). Without this important link, some audiences can walk away believing that our health care, criminal justice or educational systems work fine and therefore differing outcomes exist because BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and/or People of Color) are doing something wrong.

Example:

“The widely-discussed phenomenon of ‘driving while black’ illustrates the potential abuse of discretion by law enforcement. A two-year study of 13,566 officer-initiated traffic stops in a Midwestern city revealed that minority drivers were stopped at a higher rate than whites and were also searched for contraband at a higher rate than their white counterparts. Yet, officers were no more likely to find contraband on minority motorists than white motorists.” – The Sentencing Project publication, “Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Policymakers”[2]

“Native Americans and Alaska Natives are often unable to vote because there are no polling places anywhere near them. Some communities, such as the Duck Valley Reservation in Nevada and the Goshute Reservation in Utah, are located more than 100 miles from the nearest polling place.” – Julian Brave NoiseCat, Native Issues Fellow at the Huffington Post[3]

5. Be Rigorously Solution-Oriented and Forward-Looking.

After laying the groundwork for how the problem has developed, it’s key to move quickly to solutions. Some people who understand that unequal opportunity exists may also believe that nothing can be done about it, leading to “compassion fatigue” and inaction. Wherever possible, link a description of the problem to a clear, positive solution and action, and point out who is responsible for taking that action.

Sample Language:

Sample 1: Asian Americans often face particularly steep obstacles to needed health care because of language and cultural barriers, as well as limited insurance coverage. Our Legislature can knock down these barriers by putting policies in place that train health professionals, provide English language learning programs, and organize community health centers.

Sample 2: The Department of Justice, Congress, local and state legislatures, and prosecutors’ offices should ensure that there is fairness in the prosecutorial decision-making process by requiring routine implicit bias training for prosecutors; routine review of data metrics to expose and address racial inequity; and the incorporation of racial impact review in performance review for individual prosecutors. DOJ should issue guidance to prosecutors on reducing the impact of implicit bias in prosecution.[4]

Example:

“Organizing to achieve public policy change is one major aspect of our larger mission to create freedom and justice for all Black people. Our aim is to equip young people with a clear set of public policy goals to organize towards and win in their local communities.” –BYP 100, “Agenda to Keep Us Safe,” website[5]

6. Consider Audience and Goals.

In any communications persuasion strategy, we should recognize that different audiences need different messages and different resources. In engaging on topics around race, racism, and racial justice, this is particularly important. We all know that people throughout the country are in very different places when it comes to their understanding of racial justice issues and their willingness to talk about them. While white people in particular need anti-racism resources and messaging that brings them into conversations about racism, there exists uncertainty or inexperience in other groups when it comes to talking about, for instance, anti-Black racism, stereotypes around indigenous communities, or anti-immigrant sentiments that are highly racialized. In strategizing about audience, the goal should be to both energize the base and persuade the undecided. A few questions to consider:

Who are you hoping to influence?Narrowing down your target audience helps to refine your strategy.
What do you want them to do?Determine the appropriate action for your audience and strategy. Sometimes you may have direct access to decision makers and are working to change their minds. Other times you may have access to other people who influence the decision makers.
What do you know about their current thinking?From public opinion research, social media scans, their own words, etc.
What do you want to change about that?Consider the change in thinking that needs to happen to cause action.
Who do they listen to?Identify the media they consume and the people who are likely to influence their thinking. This may be an opportunity to reach out to allies to serve as spokespeople if they might carry more weight with certain audiences.

7. Be Explicit About the Intertwined Relationship Between Racism and Economic Opportunity and the Reverberating Consequences.

Many audiences prefer to think that socio-economic factors stand on their own and that if, say, the education system were more equitable, or job opportunities more plentiful, then we would see equal opportunity for everyone. Racism perpetuates poverty among BIPOC and leads these communities to be stratified into living in neighborhoods that lack the resources of white peers with similar incomes. That said, we need to be clear that racism causes more and different problems than poverty, low-resourced neighborhoods or challenged educational systems do and that fixing those things is not enough. They are interrelated, to be sure, but study after study, as well as so many people’s lived experiences, show that even after adjusting for socio-economic factors, racial inequity persists.

Example:

Black boys raised in America, even in the wealthiest families and living in some of the most well-to-do neighborhoods, still earn less in adulthood than white boys with similar backgrounds, according to a new study that traced the lives of millions of children.

White boys who grow up rich are likely to remain that way. Black boys raised at the top, however, are more likely to become poor than to stay wealthy in their own adult households.

Even when children grow up next to each other with parents who earn similar incomes, black boys fare worse than white boys in 99 percent of America. And the gaps only worsen in the kind of neighborhoods that promise low poverty and good schools.[6]

8. Describe How Racial Bias and Discrimination Hold Us All Back.

In addition to showing how discrimination and unequal opportunity harm people of color, it’s important to explain how systemic biases affect all of us and prevent us from achieving our full potential as a country. We can never truly become a land of opportunity while we allow racial inequity to persist. And ensuring equal opportunity for all is in our shared economic and societal interest. In fact, eight in ten Americans believe that society functions better when all groups have an equal chance in life.[7]

Research also shows that people are more likely to acknowledge that discrimination against other groups is a problem – and more likely to want to do something about it – if they themselves have experienced it. Most people have at some point felt on the “outside” or that they were unfairly excluded from something, and six in ten report that they’ve experienced discrimination based on race, ethnicity, economic status, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs or accent.[8] Reminding people of this feeling can help them think about what racism and oppression really mean for others as well as themselves.

Sample Language:

Virtually all of us have been part of a family with kids, some of us are single parents, and many of us will face disabilities as we age. Many of those circumstances lead to being treated differently – maybe in finding housing, looking for a job, getting an education. We need strong laws that knock down arbitrary and subtle barriers to equal access that any of us might face.

Examples:

“Discrimination isn’t just an insult to our most basic notions of fairness. It also costs us money, because those who are discriminated against are unable to make the best use of their talents. This not only hurts them, it hurts us all, as some of our best and brightest players are, in essence, sidelined, unable to make their full contributions to our economy.” – David Futrelle, Economic Reporter in Time Magazine[9]

“Racial inclusion and income inequality are key factors driving regional economic growth, and are positively associated with growth in employment, output, productivity, and per capita income, according to an analysis of 118 metropolitan regions. … Regions that became more equitable in the 1990s—with reductions in racial segregation, income disparities, or concentrated poverty—experienced greater economic growth as measured by increased per capita income.” – PolicyLink publication, “All-In Nation”[10]

9. Listen to and Center the Voices of BIPOC.

As social justice advocates, we should be accustomed to centering the voices of those who are most affected by any issue. It should go without saying that when talking about racism, that BIPOC should lead the strategies about how to counter it and dismantle white supremacy. This means:

  • Taking cues from anti-racist BIPOC leaders on things like preferred language and strategy;
  • Reducing erasure and unpaid labor by giving credit and/or compensation to BIPOC who have sparked movements, coined terms, tested and spread language and so on; and
  • Being vigilant in ensuring that those who have power in our movement share that power with BIPOC, particularly those whose voices have been marginalized and those who experience multiple barriers due biases that affect them intersectionally on many levels.

Centering anti-racist BIPOC voices does not mean expecting members of each group to relive their particular oppression by describing it — or examples of it — for the benefit of the larger movement.

It also does not mean expecting only BIPOC to speak out about racism and oppression. There is room for many voices and a role for different people with different audiences to do the work of changing the narrative about race in this country.

10. Embrace and Communicate Our Racial and Ethnic Diversity while Decentering Whiteness as a Lens and Central Frame.

Underscore that different people and communities encounter differing types of stereotypes and discrimination based on diverse and intersectional identities. This may mean, for example, explaining the sovereign status of tribal nations, the unique challenges posed by treaty violations, and the specific solutions that are needed. At the same time, we need to place whiteness in the context it deserves: as a part of the larger whole and not the center of it. Too often even well-meaning language assume white as the “norm,” which implies that anyone else is an “other.”

Sample Language:

The United States purports to revere the ideals of equality and opportunity. But we’ve never lived up to these ideals, and some of us face more barriers than others in achieving this because of who we are, what we look like or where we come from. We have to recognize this and move toward the ideal that we should all be able to live up to our own potential, whether we are new to this country, or living in disadvantaged neighborhoods, on reservations that are facing economic challenges, or in abandoned factory towns.

Example:

“We affirm our commitment to stand against environmental racism and to support Indigenous sovereignty. Across the United States, Black and Brown communities are subject to higher rates of asthma and other diseases resulting from pollution and malnutrition; as demonstrated recently not only at Standing Rock but also through the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Our neighborhoods are more likely to have landfills, toxic factories, fracking, and other forms of environmental violence inflicted on them. We will not let this continue.” – Million Hoodies, blog[11]

“At best, white people have been taught not to mention that people of colour are ‘different’ in case it offends us. They truly believe that the experiences of their life as a result of their skin colour can and should be universal. I just can’t engage with the bewilderment and the defensiveness as they try to grapple with the fact that not everyone experiences the world in the way that they do.

They’ve never had to think about what it means, in power terms, to be white, so any time they’re vaguely reminded of this fact, they interpret it as an affront. Their eyes glaze over in boredom or widen in indignation. Their mouths start twitching as they get defensive. Their throats open up as they try to interrupt, itching to talk over you but not to really listen, because they need to let you know that you’ve got it wrong.” – Reni Eddo-Lodge, author[12]

“The internment was a dark chapter of American history, in which 120,000 people, including me and my family, lost our homes, our livelihoods, and our freedoms because we happened to look like the people who bombed Pearl Harbor. … ‘National security’ must never again be permitted to justify wholesale denial of constitutional rights and protections. If it is freedom and our way of life that we fight for, our first obligation is to ensure that our own government adheres to those principles. Without that, we are no better than our enemies. … The very same arguments echo today, on the assumption that a handful of presumed radical elements within the Muslim community necessitates draconian measures against the whole, all in the name of national security.” – George Takei, actor, in the Washington Post[13]

Applying the Lessons

VPSA: Value, Problem, Solution, Action

One useful approach to tying these lessons together is to structure communications around Value, Problem, Solution, and Action, meaning that each message contains these four key components: Values (why the audience should care, and how they will connect the issue to themselves), Problem (framed as a threat to the shared values we have just invoked), Solution (stating what you’re for), and Action (a concrete ask of the audience, to ensure engagement and movement).

EXAMPLE

Value

To work for all of us, our justice system depends on equal treatment and investigations based on evidence, not stereotypes or bias.

Problem

But many communities continue to experience racial profiling, where members are singled out only because of what they look like. In one Maryland study, 17.5% of motorists speeding on a parkway were African-American, and 74.7% were white, yet over 70% of the drivers whom police stopped and searched were black, and at least one trooper searched only African American. Officers were no more likely to find contraband on black motorists than white motorists. These practices erode community trust in police and make the goal of true community safety more difficult to achieve.

Solution

We need shared data on police interactions with the public that show who police are stopping, arresting and why. These kinds of data encourage transparency and trust and help police strategize on how to improve their work. They also help communities get a clear picture of police interactions in the community.

Action

Urge your local police department to join police from around the country and participate in these important shared databases.

EXAMPLE

Value

We’re a better country when we make sure everyone has a chance to meet his, her, or their potential. We say we’re a country founded on the ideals of opportunity and equality and we have a real responsibility to live up to those values. Racism is a particular affront to our values and we need to do everything in our power to end it.

Problem

Yet we know that racism persists, and that its effects can be devastating. For instance, African American pregnant women are two to three times more likely to experience premature birth and three times more likely to give birth to a low birth weight infant. This disparity persists even after controlling for factors, such as low income, low education, and alcohol and tobacco use. To explain these persistent differences, researchers now say that it’s likely the chronic stress of racism that negatively affects the body’s hormonal levels and increases the likelihood of premature birth and low birth weights.

Solution

We all have a responsibility to examine the causes and effects of racism in our country. We have to educate ourselves and learn how to talk about them with those around us. While we’ve made some important progress in decreasing discrimination and racism, we can’t pretend we’ve moved beyond it completely.

Action

Join a racial justice campaign near you.

EXAMPLE

Value

We believe in treating everybody fairly, regardless of what they look like or where their ancestors came from.

Problem

But what we believe consciously and what we feel and do unconsciously can be two very different things and despite our best attempts to rid ourselves of prejudices and stereotypes, we all have them – it just depends how conscious they are. All of us today know people of different races and ethnicities. And we usually treat each other respectfully and joke around together at work. But for most of us – Americans of all colors – the subtle or not so subtle attitudes of our parents or grandparents, who grew up in a different time, are still with us, even if we consciously reject them.

Solution

Personally, I look forward to the day when we can all see past color—all of us, white and black, brown and Asian. To do that, we all have to be aware of what’s going on in our own heads right now. And how that collective bias has shaped our history and where we are now.

Action

But we’re just not there yet. Let’s make it a priority to get there. [14]

FOOTNOTES:

[1] http://www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/envisioning-enacting-racial-justice-rinku-sen-force-behind-race-forward-n459996

[2] The Sentencing Project. Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Policymakers, 2008

[3] http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/13-native-american-issues_us_55b7d801e4b0074ba5a6869c

[4] https://transformingthesystem.org

[5] http://agendatobuildblackfutures.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/BYP100-Agenda-to-Keep-Us-Safe-AKTUS.pdf

[6] https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/03/19/upshot/race-class-white-and-black-men.html

[7] The Opportunity Agenda/Langer Associates. The Opportunity Survey, 2014.

[8] Ibid.

[9] http://business.time.com/2013/02/19/discrimination-doesnt-make-dollars-or-sense/

[10] https://www.policylink.org/sites/default/files/AllInNation-book.pdf

[11] http://millionhoodies.net/million-hoodies-in-solidarity-with-standing-rock/

[12] Reni Eddo-Lodge: Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, The Guardian (May 31, 2017) https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2017/may/31/why-im-no-longer-talking-to-white-people-about-race-podcast

[13] George Takei: They interned my family. Don’t let them do it to Muslims Washington Post (November 18, 2016). https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2016/11/18/george-takei-they-interned-my-family-dont-let-them-do-it-to-muslims/?utm_term=.8e15097e3b44

[14] Modified from messages tested in Speaking to the Public about Unconscious Prejudice: Meta-issues on Race and Ethnicity. Drew Westen, Ph.D. March 2014

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim Exemplifies Beauford Delaney’s Masterful Portraits

Beauford Delaney (1901-1979) “Portraitist of the Famous

“Perhaps I should say, flatly, what I believe–that he is a great painter, among the very greatest; but I do know that great art can only be created out of love, and that no greater lover has ever held a brush.”

James Baldwin (1924-1987), writer,
friend of artist Beauford Delaney

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971oil on canvas

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971

Beauford Delaney, hailed as the most important African-American artists of the 20th century, whose life appeared to symbolize the mythical artistic existence of privation and relative obscurity, that show a retrospective of “uninhibited colorist (though never an unintelligent one)” that is “apotheosized” and whose talent and “free, open and outgoing nature” engendered admiration from everyone whom was fortunate enough to encounter him as he was THE darling of the international culture scene in New York and Paris. James Baldwin called him his “spiritual father.”

Remembering THE Greatest artists of the 20th century, the ‘amazing and invariable’ Beauford Delaney, the “Portraitist of the Famous”, who’s masterpieces are trumpeted as cutting-edge work in Black aesthetics, stylistic evolution from representation to pure abstraction, with new and radical theories with his techniques and expression of the politics of Black arts, affording him his very own, singular serious stature among abstract expressionists, transforming the critical landscape into a growing interest in his creation of “Black Abstraction”!

For more than a decade, Delaney showed compelling, vibrant images of energetic life: produced engaging abstract works, portraits, landscapes, and abstractions celebrated for their brilliance and technical complexity with his dramatic stylistic shift from figurative compositions of life to abstract expressionist studies of color and light, powerful works of art and culture, illuminate some of Delaney’s most innovative years and firmly place his work among the dominant art movements of the day.

The fascinating Beauford Delaney is a Modern artist who produced engaging portraits, landscapes, and abstractions celebrated for their brilliance and technical complexity with his dramatic stylistic shift from figurative compositions of New York life to abstract expressionist studies of color and light following his move to Paris in 1953, illuminate some of Delaney’s most innovative years and firmly place his work among the dominant art movements of the day! 

The career of Beauford Delaney (1901-79) was mainly working with Expressionism, Harlem Renaissance who’s first exhibition was New Names In American Art: Recent Contributions To Painting And Sculpture By Negro Artists at The Renaissance Society in Chicago, IL in 1944, and the most recent exhibition was Art Basel Miami Beach 2020 – online viewing only at Art Basel Miami Beach in Miami Beach, FL in 2020. Beauford Delaney is mostly exhibited in United States, but also had exhibitions in Germany, United Kingdom and elsewhere. Delaney has 10 solo shows and 79 group shows over the last 76 years (for more information, see biography). Delaney has also been in 7 art fairs but in no biennials. The most important show was Beauford Delaney: From New York to Paris at Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia, PA in 2005. Other important shows were at The Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis, MN and The Studio Museum in Harlem in New York City, NY. Beauford Delaney has been exhibited with Norman Lewis and Romare Bearden. Beauford Delaney’s art is in 9 museum collections, at France at the Museum of Modern Art , École des Beaux-Arts, Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, NY and The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, IL, featured in Jet and Playboy magazines among others.

Beauford Delaney is ranked among the Top 10 globally, and in United States. Delaney’s best rank was in 1944, the artist’s rank has improved over the last 5 years, with the most dramatic change in 1992. 

Many of its prominent figures, who admiringly looked upon Delaney as their “Shaman” or “Yogi” and fondly referred to him as a “Black Buddha”, were described by his close friend, James Baldwin, as a “cross between Brer Rabbit and St. Francis of Assisi.” 

His list of friends and acquaintances including artists, World Leaders, politicians, activist, authors/poets/writers, intellectuals, filmmakers, promoted by numerous patrons of the arts, world Cultural Ambassadors, art gallery owners, befriended by notable figures, and musicians Stuart Davis — his closest painter compatriot — W.E.B. Du Bois (whose portrait he painted), Salvadore Dalí (whose portrait he painted), Countee Cullen, Louis Armstrong (whose portrait he painted), Duke Ellington (whose portrait he painted), Ethel Waters (whose portraits he painted), W.C. Handy (whose portrait he painted), Henry Miller (who wrote a tribute to him), John F. Kennedy (whose portraits he painted), Robert Kennedy (whose portraits he painted), Jean-Claude Killy (whose portraits he painted), Herb Gentry, Alain Locke, Cy Twombly, Sterling Brown,  Langston Hughes, Georgia O’Keeffe (who drew charcoal and pastel portraits of Delaney in 1943), Augusta Savage, Stuart Davis, John Marin, Pablo Picasso (whose portrait he painted), Richard A. Long (whose portrait he painted), John Koenig (whose portrait he painted), and Claude McKay were connected to Paris in various ways. 

Also significant is the impact of jazz, as exemplified by the avante garde “free jazz” music explosion of Ornettte Coleman, Archie Shepp, Cecil Taylor, Frank Wright, Bobby Few, Bill Dixon, François Cotinaud, Sunny Murray, Barney Wilen, Globe Unity Orchestra, Andrew Hill, Dave Burrell, Anthony Braxton, Leroy Jenkins, Grachan Moncur III, Malachi Favors, Claude Delcloo, Beb Guérin, Kenneth Terroade, Bernard Vitet, Lester Bowie, Jerome Cooper, Joseph Jarman, Joachim Kühn, Steve Lacy, Roscoe Mitchell, Robin Kenyatta, Michel Portal, Irène Aebi, Ronnie Beer, Kent Carter, Dieter Gewissler, Oliver Johnson, Famoudou Don Moye, Alan Shorter, Bernard Vitet, Jouk Minor, Byard Lancaster, Kenneth Terroade, Paul Jeffrey, Ronnie Beer, Sonny Sharrock, Pharoah Sanders, Black Harold, Johnny Dyani, Gary Windo, Rene Augustus, Joseph Déjean, Beb Guérin, Claude Delcoo, Clifford Thornton, Wayne Shorter, Sun Ra and His Intergalactic Research Arkestra, François Tusques, Alan Silva and the Celestrial Communication Orchestra.

Luminaries Josephine Baker, Bob Blackburn, Ed Clark, Bob Thompson, Marian Anderson (whose portrait he painted), Jacob Lawrence, Ella Fitzgerald (whose portrait he painted), Zora Neale Hurston, Alfred Stieglitz, Carl Van Vechten, Edward Steichen, Dorothy Norman, Anaïs Nin, art studio owner Charles Alston, Jackson Pollock, Vassili Pikoula, Henri Chahine (whose portrait he painted), Charlie Parker (whose portrait and music he painted.), James Jones, Jean Genet, Lawrence Calcagno, Cab Calloway, Elaine DeKooning, Palmer C. Hayden (whose portrait he painted), art dealer Darthea Speyer (whose portrait he painted) who had exhibitions of Delaney’s art at Paris’ Galerie Lambert in 1964. Others include artists Charles Boggs, Al Hirschfeld, John Franklin Koenig, Harold Cousins, Herbert Gentry (whose portrait he painted), Ed Clark, and Ellis Wilson, authors James Jones and Henry Miller (who was also a water colorist), Writers Richard Wright, Surrealist poet Stanislas Rodanski, Chester Himes, Ralph Ellison, William Gardner Smith, Richard Gibson, Lorraine Hansberry, Ted Joans, art historian Richard A. Long, and his friend Lynn Stone.

Delaney became close friends with another influential visual artist, Lawrence Calcagno. A white, abstract landscape artist from Northern California, it was an unlikely pairing when the two met in Paris. Yet the two men grew to share a close artistic bond, tied by their shared belief in the spiritual nature of painting and abstraction. They also became close personal friends, writing hundreds of letters to each other over Delaney’s later years, after Calcagno left Paris to return to America. In these letters, Delaney is at his most vulnerable and open, as he felt with a kindred spirit.

His closest lifelong friend, however, was James Baldwin — who, while fleeing a strict father at 16, looked up Delaney in the Village. He later called the artist his “principal witness.” Delaney was a kind of surrogate nurturing father to the writer. Judging by his 1941 Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), a steamy nude portrait of the 16-year-old writer (as well as from subsequent Baldwin portraits over the decades), Delaney seems to have been in love with the lithe young man 22 years his junior.

Indeed, while Delaney had not intended to settle permanently in Europe, he quickly realized he had found there a more hospitable climate in which to pursue his craft. Asked about his experience as an expatriate he replied, “Expatriate? It appears to me that in order to be an expatriate one has to be, in some manner, driven from one’s fatherland, from one’s native land. When I left the United States during the 1950s no such condition was left behind. One must belong before one may then not belong. I belong here in Paris, I am able to realize myself here. I am no expatriate.”

While Paris had in some sense liberated Delaney, there were sorrows he could not escape. “There always seems to be the shadow,” Delaney wrote to a benefactor, “which follows the light.” Although he was referring to the financial difficulties that plagued him throughout his career, the artist could also have been talking about his struggles with mental illness, which manifested as psychotic breaks and ghostly voices in his head, resulting in his confinement to a mental hospital at the end of his life. While Delaney was a mentor to Baldwin during the author’s early years, Baldwin later became Delaney’s protector, assisting him financially and emotionally. For an introduction to an exhibition in Paris in 1964 Baldwin wrote, “Perhaps I am so struck by the light in Beauford’s paintings because he comes from darkness—as I do, as, in fact, we all do.” The vibrant luminosity of Composition 16 is but one example of Delaney’s lifelong quest to find light in that darkness.

Many felt him to be the “Dean of African American Artists Living in Europe.” Although he never fully wanted this distinction most of Delaney’s works were close to being classified as abstract art. Beauford Delaney died in Paris at age 78 on March 26, 1979.

Delaney lived and worked in Paris for many years and much of his work was neglected until a retrospective in 1978 at the Studio Museum in Harlem.  During his absence, the French government, in an effort to collect delinquent accounts, sealed off his apartment and prepared to auction off his products of nearly a forty year career.  Many of his works were stolen and some had to be recovered by European Intelligence, the CIA/FBI. Had the works been sold, dispersed throughout Europe, the neglect may have been irreversible.

The painter Beauford Delaney (Knoxville 1901-1979 Paris) was lost to history for a time. Yet in the mid-twentieth century, Delaney was considered an important artist of his generation.

Following his death, he was praised as a great and neglected painter but, with a few notable exceptions, the neglect continued.

A retrospective of his work at the Studio Museum in Harlem a year before his death did little to revive interest in his work. It was not until the 1988 exhibition Beauford Delaney: From Tennessee to Paris, curated by the French art dealer Philippe Briet at the Philippe Briet Gallery, that Delaney’s work was again exhibited in New York, followed by two retrospectives in the gallery: “Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective [50 Years of Light]” in 1991, and “Beauford Delaney: The New York Years [1929–1953]” in 1994.

Delaney disappeared from collective memory partly due to the racial bias of art history, which, among other things, meant that even while he was celebrated, it was less as a painter equal to his contemporaries than as some kind of Negro seer or spiritual black Buddha wherein he could not escape the long American night of racism. 

“Whatever Happened to Beauford Delaney?”, an article by Eleanor Heartney, appeared in Art in America in response to the 1994 exhibition asking why this once well regarded “artist’s artist” was now virtually unknown to the American art public. “What happened? Is this another case of an over-inflated reputation returning to its true level? Or was Delaney undone by changing fashions which rendered his work unpalatable to succeeding generations? Why did Beauford Delaney so completely disappear from American art history?” The author believed that Delaney’s disappearance from the consciousness of the New York art world was linked to “his move to Paris at a crucial moment in the consolidation of New York’s position as the world’s cultural capital and his work’s irrelevance to the history of American art as it was being written by critics” at the time. The article concludes, “Today [1994] as those histories unravel and are replaced by narratives with a more varied and colorful weave, artists like Delaney can be seen in a new light.”

In 1985 James Baldwin described the impact of Delaney on his life, saying he was “the first living proof, for me, that a black man could be an artist. In a warmer time, a less blasphemous place, he would have been recognized as my Master and I as his Pupil. He became, for me, an example of courage and integrity, humility and passion. An absolute integrity: I saw him shaken many times and I lived to see him broken but I never saw him bow.” Baldwin marveled over Delaney’s ability to emulate such light in his work despite the darkness he was surrounded by for the majority of his life. It is this insight of Delaney’s past, Baldwin believes, that serves as evidence for the true victory Delaney secured. Baldwin admired his keen ability to “lead the inner and the outer eye, directly and inexorably, to a new confrontation with reality.” He further wrote, “Perhaps I should not say, flatly, what I believe – that he is a great painter – among the very greatest; but I do know that great art can only be created out of love, and that no greater lover has ever held a brush.”

His work is sold in galleries for increasingly high prices, and his paintings hang prominently among modernist and postwar works in New York’s Museum of Modern Art [where his yellow Composition 16 (1954-56) was hung next to a work by Mark Rothko], the Smithsonian’s American Art Museum, and the National Portrait Gallery (notably a portrait of Baldwin). The American artist Glenn Ligon curated a 2015 exhibition at the Tate Liverpool titled Glenn Ligon: Encounters and Collisions” that featured two works by Delaney (one a portrait of Baldwin) and put Delaney in the company of the Abstract Expressionists, next to a picture by Franz Kline.

Because his estate has been largely closed to scholars to the present day, and because his reputation waned after his death, critical writing about Delaney is almost nonexistent, even with the flourishing of Baldwin studies across disciplines. 

The Studio Museum of Harlem broke ground with the first major posthumous exhibition of Delaney on US soil with Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective (1979) and included the full text of Baldwin’s previously published essay “Introduction to Exhibition of Beauford Delaney Opening December 4, 1964 at the Gallery Lambert.” There have been other exhibitions of Delaney’s work since 2000 that include Baldwin in minor ways and whose catalogues have provided most of the critical work done recently on Delaney to date: these include Beauford Delaney: Liquid Light: Paris Abstractions 1954-1970, organized by Michael Rosenfeld Gallery in 1999; Beauford Delaney’ at the Sert Gallery of the Harvard University Art Museums;  An Artistic Friendship: Beauford Delaney and Lawrence Calcagno at the Palmer Museum of Art at the Pennsylvania State University in 2001; The Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA; Beauford Delaney: The Color Yellow, organized by the High Museum of Art in 2002 and curated by Richard J. Powell, who contributed a groundbreaking essay about Delaney’s use of color; Beauford Delaney: New York to Paris (2005), organized by the Minneapolis Institute of Art, whose robust catalog features several scholarly essays mentioning James Baldwin; Beauford Delaney: Renaissance of Form and Vibration of Color (2016) at Montparnasse’s Reid Hall and sponsored by Wells International Foundation and Les Amis de Beauford Delaney, along with Columbia Global Centers/Reid Hall Exposition; and Gathering Light: Works by Beauford Delaney (2017) at the Knoxville Museum of Art in Tennessee. Aside from the catalogue essays from these and other exhibitions, the only monograph devoted to Delaney is the 1998 biography by David Leeming, Amazing Grace: A Life of Beauford Delaney (1998). Leeming outlines the broad arc of Delaney’s life and artistic development while emphasizing the contrast between the artist’s vibrant social life and troubled inner life that led to his institutionalization in the late 1970s. It is encouraging to see, however, that references to Delaney are now appearing in cutting-edge work on Black aesthetics, such as Fred Moten’s theoretical work, and in reconstructions of LGBTQIA arts.

While previous Delaney exhibitions and publications have almost exclusively emphasized Delaney’s stylistic evolution from the 1940s to the 1960s, from representation to pure abstraction, as a function of his move from New York to Paris and/or his worsening mental health, the proposed symposium will put Delany into conversation with new and radical theories about the techniques and politics of Black arts, affording him some of the first serious treatment by academic criticism to date. Because of Delaney’s stature among abstract expressionists, the project will contribute to a growing interest in the past ten years concerning “Black Abstraction” in the arts, as evidence by shows at the Michael Rosenfeld Gallery (2014), the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston (2014), Pace Gallery (2016), Anita Shapolsky Gallery and the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C. (2018). It is time to bring Delaney also into the sphere of queer theory, new Black aesthetics, and new theories of Black care that are transforming the critical landscape in academe and in which Baldwin is now frequently found.

But his life ended very much like it began. Even after the fame and notoriety, he was still a poor, black man with many struggles. Just like his art, Delaney’s life was filled with light and darkness. Highs and lows.

If you were to picture a counter-image to help balance that perception in one person, you could hardly do better than Beauford Delaney. He was black, he was gay, he was unpredictable, he was charismatic. He was an intellectual, and he was an artist, in fact a wildly colorful, creative and unpredictable abstract expressionist. He was cosmopolitan, connected to the world beyond, and adored in Paris and New York, where his paintings, some of them famous and very expensive, have been exhibited, even recently. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971

oil on Canvas

25 1/2″ x 21 3/8″ / 64.8 x 54.3 cm 

signed verso with Beauford Delaney Estate stamp

PROVENANCE

Beauford Delaney, Paris, France

Estate of Beauford Delaney, Knoxville, TN

Dr. Ravindra Varma Dantuluri, Knoxville, TN

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY

PUBLICATION HISTORY

Beauford Delaney. Paris: Galerie Darthea Speyer, 1973. Exhibition catalogue.

Illustrated in black-and-white in a photograph with the artist in his studio, n.p.

Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY, April 9 – July 2, 1978;

Museum of National Center for Afro-American Artists, Dorchester, MA, October 8 – November 4, 1978

Illustrated in black-and-white in a photograph with the artist in his studio and listed on the checklist as no. 13, n.p. (titled Portrait of a Man)

NOTE

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) exemplifies Beauford Delaney’s masterful portraits in which he uses bold, contrasting color to express an arresting psychological and emotional likeness. With his signature yellow palette and expressive brushstroke, Delaney portrays his friend Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim.

Throughout his career, Beauford Delaney executed modernist and psychologically compelling portraits of friends,  acquaintances and patrons. Portraits of those he knew intimately, tended to be the most compelling and profound. Generally, Delaney’s portrait paintings tend to be modernist, melding representation with abstraction, sharing a strong affinity with the gestural luminous abstractions that dominated Delaney’s oeuvre after 1953. Even after Delaney evolved into an abstract expressionist painter upon his move to France in September 1953, he continued to paint portraits that were much more than straightforward depictions of his sitters. While the composition was defined by the subject, he executed modernist canvases defined by his relatively monochromatic fields of color and distinctive brushwork. Like Delaney’s landscapes, cityscapes and interiors of his Greene Street period of the 1940s and early 1950s, the faces, bodies and backgrounds of his portraits were vehicles for his personal language of abstraction. Art historian Richard J. Powell writes:

“In addition to his artistic commitment to abstraction, experimenting with painted surfaces in oil pigments, and delving into the visual effects and relational possibilities of color, Beauford Delaney was equally bound to an art of portraiture. The genre that first brought Delaney critical notice and a measure of success, portraiture exemplified his genuine love of people – all kinds of people – and his fascination with their outward appearances, personalities, minds, and auras. As seen in almost every early photograph of Delaney – whether in his crowded Greene Street studio or sitting alongside his work at the Annual Washington Square Art Fair – portraits largely defined his as an artist. Yet…portraiture was also a vehicle for sorting out an array of primarily visual issues: concerns of color and form that could easily be coupled with his painting a friend’s likeness or an esteemed individual’s spirit.”*2

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim recalls meeting Beauford Delaney and sitting for his portrait in Paris in 1971, when al-Hakim was around twenty years old. al-Hakim was born Randy Wallace before converting to Islam and changing his name. 

Beauford Delaney and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim with Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971), Jean Genet with Jean Genet in the upper right and Bobby Kennedy a little lower behind my left shoulder. Above Portrait is his “Little Totem of Light”, ca. 1966

Beauford Delaney and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim with Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971), 1971

Curator Patricia Sue Canterbury writes of Delaney’s portraits of the 1960s:

“Delaney’s portraiture during the 1960s, although often regarded as a departure from the artist’s abstract explorations of light, was actually an extension of the same. As he had reassured viewers at the opening of his solo show at the Galerie Lambert in late 1964, abstraction and portraiture ‘were studies in light revealed – the light that have meaning to the individuals depicted…and the light considered directly as contained…in the abstract paintings.’ As the decade progressed, however, it is clear that any boundaries perceived between the two became increasingly blurred. Solid forms within the portraits dematerialized and the subject and the enveloping atmosphere seemingly shared the same atomic structure.”*2

Powell writes of Delaney’s use of a yellow palette:

“Delaney’s artistic preoccupation with the color yellow is governed by its capacity to illuminate a world in which poverty, inhumanity, lovelessness, mediocrity, and darkness threaten his soul and being. No stranger to assaults on the body and psyche, Delaney sought in his work and throughout his entire life to experience that state of perfect bliss in nature and society, to reach that nearly unattainable note or apogee of emotional discernment in the arts, and to know that ecstatic feeling of an ‘excessive and deliberate joy’ in life. Oddly enough, by placing himself and his audience in his dense and luxurious yellow zone, he realized these grand ambitions.”*3

Beauford Delaney in his studio and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) can be seen above Delaney

Photograph of Beauford Delaney in his studio as reproduced in the catalogue for the exhibition Beauford Delaney, Galerie Darthea Speyer, Paris, France, February 6 – March 2, 1973; Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) can be seen above Delaney to the right

Portraits by Beauford Delaney are in numerous museum collections including:

The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL;

Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA;

Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA;

Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI;

Knoxville Museum of Art, Knoxville, TN;

Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester, NY;

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY;

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY;

The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC;

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA;

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA;

SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA;

The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY; 

Tennessee State Museum, Nashville, TN;

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA;

Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC;

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY;

Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.

Footnotes:

  *1-Richard J. Powell, “The Color of Ecstasy,” Beauford Delaney: The Color Yellow (Atlanta: The High Museum of Art, 2002), 20-21

 *2-Patricia Sue Canterbury, “Transatlantic Transformations: Beauford Delaney in Paris,” Beauford Delaney: From New York To Paris exh. cat. (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2004), 65

 *3-Powell, 29-30 Powell, 29-30

Harlem Renaissance Modernist Beauford Delaney, GREATEST Artist in African-American Art History

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Jalil with of his Rolls Royces
Jalil with 1 of his Rolls Royces
Beauford Delaney’s Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971
Beauford Delaney, Self-portrait, 1944
Beauford Delaney, Self-portrait, 1944. Photo: Estate of Beauford Delaney by permission of Derek L. Spratley, Esquire, Court Appointed Administrator; Courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY Beauford Delaney was an American Harlem Renaissance painter known for his colorful Modernist compositions and distinctive approach to figuration. One of the most important African-American artists of the early 20th century, he often painted New York street scenes, lively scenes in jazz clubs, and portraits of prominent black figures like James Baldwin and W.E.B. Du Bois. Can Fire in the Park (1946) is one of his most iconic images, movingly capturing a common occurrence in Depression-era New York life. In addition to his representational work, Delaney also painted abstractly, noting that “the abstraction, ostensibly, is simply for me the penetration of something that is more profound in many ways than the rigidity of a form,” he explained. “A form if it breaths some, if it has some enigma to it, it is also the enigma that is the abstract, I would think.” Born on December 30, 1901 in Knoxville, TN as one of 10 children, he worked as sign-post painter as a teenager before going on to study in Boston at the Massachusetts Normal School, the South Boston School of Art, and the Copley Society. After school, he moved to Harlem in New York, where he befriended fellow artists like Alfred Stieglitz, Stuart Davis, who introduced him to the work of Modernists like Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, and others. He moved to Europe in 1953 but was unable to find the same success he had previously had in New York, and gradually succumbed to alcoholism and mental health problems before his death on March 26, 1979 in Paris, France. Today, Delaney’s works are in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, The Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, among others. Fame, at least lasting fame — the your-work-goes-down-in-history kind, often accompanied by fat royalty payments — is a club that thinks of itself as an unbiased meritocracy, blind to everything but aesthetic innovation and popular success. It’s never quite worked out that way. When we look at the past, we still see generations of great talents who never quite got their due critically or commercially, many of them left relatively unsung. In this ongoing series, our critics pick artists they feel remain underappreciated and tell their stories and sing their praises. “He is amazing … this Beauford,” the novelist Henry Miller wrote of his lifelong friend Beauford Delaney in a 1945 essay that helped make the painter (whom Miller called a “black monarch” capable of making “the great white world … grow smaller”) a legendary attraction in Greenwich Village. So much so that people often gathered outside Delaney’s building at 181 Greene Street, where he lived and worked on the top floor — a walk-up lit only by a wood-burning potbellied stove. Born in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1901, Delaney migrated north to Boston in 1923 to study art, then moved to New York in November 1929, days after the onset of the Great Depression. That first day in New York, he slept on a Union Square bench, where someone stole his shoes. The next morning, he set out on foot, in newly bought shoes, to walk uptown to Harlem. When he reached Central Park, he stopped because of his severely blistered feet.
Abdul-Jalil Portrait by Beauford Delaney, in 1971. Portrait of Jean Genet in backgroud, top right, Kennedy right behind Jalil
Things had never been tougher for American artists — let alone black ones. Art schools didn’t take black artists, and independent-studio classes banned black artists from figure-drawing sessions with white models. Undaunted, Delaney began drawing at a midtown dance studio. Somehow, his career took off almost overnight. Four months after he arrived in New York, an article appeared in the New York Telegraph about portraits Delaney had done of dancers and society figures.

Beauford Delaney

Artist (1901–79) Currently, MoMA has

“Composition 16”

(1954–56) on view, a glowing bioluminescent yellow abstraction kitty-corner across the gallery from that other (until recently) missing modernist, Hilma af Klint. Both are in the company of de Kooning, Kline, and the other giants of mid-century painting. He met and charmed everyone. A list of his friends and acquaintances includes Stuart Davis — his closest painter compatriot — W.E.B. Du Bois (whose portrait he did), Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Jacob Lawrence, Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O’Keeffe (who did a portrait of him), Edward Steichen, Dorothy Norman, Anaïs Nin (who intimidated him), Jackson Pollock, and Jean Genet. His closest lifelong friend, however, was James Baldwin — who, while fleeing a strict father at 16, looked up Delaney in the Village. He later called the artist his “principal witness.” Delaney was a kind of surrogate nurturing father to the writer. Judging by his 1941 Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), a steamy nude portrait of the 16-year-old writer (as well as from subsequent Baldwin portraits over the decades), Delaney seems to have been in love with the lithe young man 22 years his junior. In October 1938, more than a decade before Pollock graced the same pages, Life magazine featured Delaney, picturing him beatifically smiling at the Washington Square Outdoor Art Exhibit. The caption read, “One of the most talented Negro painters.” Yet by the time he died in 1979, Delaney was alone, alcoholic, hallucinating, paranoid, and penniless in a Paris psychiatric hospital. What started as a great American story is now a near absence in the history of American art and an American Dream forestalled.
Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), 1941
A 1941 portrait of James Baldwin by the artist Beauford Delaney. Photo: Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), 1941, oil on Masonite, 34” x 28”, signed; © Estate of Beauford Delaney by permission of Derek L. Spratley, Esquire, Court Appointed Administrator; Courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY I love his work — especially his highly colored, optically intense, dense figurative paintings. He is almost an exact contemporary of, and the New York counterpart to, another great painter-portraitist, an artist who captured the power and magic of being poor stylishly, who lived on the margins but eventually came to be recognized as a visionary: Alice Neel. Delaney should be regarded as such as well. Through the 1930s and 1940s, while most American artists were either being fifth-rate Cubists, regionalists, or academics or desperately looking for ways around Picasso via Surrealism, Delaney made his own thoroughly contemporary way. In street and park scenes, still lifes, and portraits, he built upon the work of his good friend Davis, arriving at his own compact, flat fields of creamy, opaque color. His sense of visual, jigsawing geometry and strong, graphic distillation of structure is second only to Davis’s. Delaney’s work, however, has a much more human aura, atmosphere, and arc, almost to a mystical degree, seen only in Marsden Hartley. So why has Delaney been disappeared from collective memory? Partly, it is the racial bias of art history, which, among other things, meant that even while he was celebrated, it was less as a painterly equal to his contemporaries than as some kind of Negro seer or spiritual black Buddha. And in 1953, at the age of 51, Delaney left New York at perhaps the worst possible time. When other American artists, like Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, John Cage, and Merce Cunningham, were meeting and staying up late together (many of them open and uncloseted in their sexuality), Delaney was in Paris, where Baldwin had told him he could escape the long American night of racism. Baldwin was right, but Delaney struggled with French and became even more isolated. Twombly, Baldwin, and Miller returned often to New York, while Delaney never did. So he never got to rejoin the conversation. By the 1960s, Delaney’s abstraction was more connected to the French Art Informel — a primarily European response to Abstract Expressionism — and his paintings, influenced as they were by Monet’s Water Lilies and Turner’s glowing color, had few of the ironic, systemic, direct qualities of Pop Art and minimalism. At a distance, Delaney’s work seemed passé — an artist painting in a void, outside the canon. *This article appears in the January 6, 2020, issue of New York Magazine. Beauford Delaney collection, Sc MG 59, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library Repository Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division Access to materials Some collections held by the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture are held off-site and must be requested in advance. Please check the collection records in

the NYPL’s online catalog

for detailed location information. To request access to materials in the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, please visit:

http://archives.nypl.org/divisions/scm/request_access

Request access to this collection.

Portrait de Jean Genet, Beauford Delaney, 1972
Beauford Delaney was a painter, specializing in portraits. The Beauford Delaney collection consists of correspondence with colleagues, friends, gallery owners, and family members, as well as printed material documenting Delaney’s life in Paris.
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL INFORMATION Beauford Delaney was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, the third child of the Reverend Samuel Delaney and Delia Johnson Delaney. He attended the Knoxville Colored School and later studied art with an elderly Knoxville artist, who encouraged him to get further training. In 1924 Delaney went to Boston where he studied at the Massachusetts Normal School and the South Boston School of Art, and attended evening classes at the Copley Society. Delaney went to New York in 1929, settling at first in Harlem. He painted society women and professional dancers at Billy Pierce’s dancing school on West 46th Street, which gained him a reputation as a portraitist. His first one-man show, which consisted of five pastels and ten charcoal drawings, was at the 135th Street Branch Library of the New York Public Library in 1930. During the same year three of his portraits were included in a group show at the Whitney Studio Galleries, the predecessor of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Delaney also taught part-time at a progressive school in Greenwich Village. By the late 1940s Beauford Delaney had become a significant figure on the art scene. He illustrated “Unsung Americans Sung” (1944), a book of black musical tributes edited by W.C. Handy; he had a series of one-man shows in New York and Washington, D.C.; and he exhibited in group shows in a number of other cities. In 1945 he showed his first series of portraits of writers Henry Miller and James Baldwin, who would become his lifelong friends. In 1949 he began an association with the Roko Gallery in New York, where he exhibited annually until 1953. In 1953 Delaney left New York with the intention of settling in Rome, but a visit to Paris turned into a permanent stay. He had two studios in Paris, the first in the suburbs of Clamart and the other in the Rue Vincingetorix. In Paris Delaney exhibited in one-man and group shows at the Gallerie Paul Fachetti (1960), the Centre Culturel Americain (1961 and 1972), the Galerie Lambert (1964), the Musee Galliera (1967) and the Galerie Darthea Speyer (1973), among other places. The latter was a major showing of a selection of his work from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s and the catalog contained tributes by James Jones, James Baldwin, and Georgia O’Keefe. Delaney also exhibited in England, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and the United States. The Paris years saw the creation of several masterpieces including portraits of singer Marian Anderson and writer Jean Genet. During this period he also created a series of interiors and studies in watercolor. After suffering two nervous breakdowns, Delaney was institutionalized, and died on March 26, 1979 at St. Ann’s Hospital in Paris. Delaney’s last one-man show in the United States was at the Studio Museum in Harlem in 1978, inaugurating that museum’s Black Masters Series. Delaney’s work is in several private collections and in the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The Studio Museum in Harlem, the Newark Museum and the Whitney Museum of American Art. SCOPE AND ARRANGEMENT The Beauford Delaney collection consists of correspondence with colleagues, friends, gallery owners, and family members, as well a printed material documenting Delaney’s life in Paris. Biographical information is provided in statements Delaney authored, articles prepared by others for catalogs, and his obituary. Among the many friends, colleagues and art collectors with whom he maintained an active correspondence is James Baldwin, who wrote an introduction to a catalog for an exhibition of Delaney’s art at Paris’ Galerie Lambert in 1964. Other correspondents include artists Charles Boggs, Al Hirschfeld, John Franklin Koenig, and Ellis Wilson, authors James Jones and Henry Miller (who was also a water colorist), art historian Richard A. Long, and his friend Lynn Stone. Additional artists, painters, writers, gallery owners and musicians who corresponded with Delaney include Lawrence Calcagno, Cab Calloway, Elaine DeKooning, Palmer C. Hayden, and Darthea Speyer. The letters discuss the style of painting of the correspondents, travels, purchase and exhibition of works, and personal matters. Numerous gallery announcements for art exhibits of Delaney’s and other artists’ works in Paris, New York and other cities demonstrate the extent of Delaney’s activities in the contemporary art world. The collection also contains a large number of picture postcards, some sent by friends, and gallery announcements. Family letters are from his brother and fellow artist, Joseph Delaney, and discuss his own work and impressions of Paris; his brother Emery (includes letters Delaney wrote to his brother, in addition to those received); and Delaney’s niece, Imogene.   Beauford Delaney
Jazz Banb 1963

Jazz Banb 1963

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

All the Races, 1970

All the Races, 1970

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request
Bernard Hassell, 1961

Bernard Hassell, 1961

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request

Untitled: Abstract in Red, Blue, Yellow and…, 1956

Untitled: Abstract in Red, Blue, Yellow and…, 1956

Levis Fine Art

Price on Request Beauford Delaney

Untitled, 1956

Levis Fine Art

Price on Request
Mother’s Portrait (aka Portrait of Delia…, 1964

Mother’s Portrait (aka Portrait of Delia…, 1964

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request Beauford Delaney
Composition, 1963

Composition, 1963

Sale Date: February 6, 2021 Auction Closed
Self-portrait, 1964

Self-portrait, 1964

Sale Date: December 8, 2020 Auction Closed Beauford Delaney 
Street Scene, 1968

Street Scene, 1968

Sale Date: December 8, 2020 Auction Closed

SANS TITRE

Sale Date: July 9, 2020 Auction Closed Beauford Delaney 
SANS TITRE – 1960

SANS TITRE – 1960

Sale Date: July 9, 2020 Auction Closed
Composition, 1962

Composition, 1962

Sale Date: December 13, 2019 Auction Closed SOURCE OF ACQUISITION Donated by Daniel Richard in 1988. PROCESSING INFORMATION Compiled by Victor N. Smythe, 1998. Finding aid edited and adapted to digital form by Kay Menick in 2016. Paintings and art catalogs transferred to Art and Artifact Division. Photographs transferred to Photographs and Prints Division. KEY TERMS NAMES SUBJECTS

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MEDIA ADVISORY

We have received many, many requests to re-post A letter from young Devi (Kamala ) Harris to her older self- Vice President Kamala Harris explaining why young girls and boys look at her and DON’T see themselves, how she (Devi) doesn’t want to be her SEX-for-support,  FREAKISH, IMMORAL, VIRTUELESS older self (Kamala)! #Kamalaisacop; #KamalaHarrisisaPoliticalPornStar, #PoliticalPornStar, #Nowtruth.org, www.Nowtruth.org

A letter from young Devi (Kamala ) Harris to her older self- Vice President Kamala Harris explaining why young girls and boys look at her and DON’T see themselves, how she (Devi) doesn’t want to be her SEX-for-support, FREAKISH, IMMORAL, VIRTUELESS older self (Kamala)!

Dear Older Me………Kamala,

PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE STOP saying ”When I look at young girls and boys, and they look at me, they see themselves, and what they can be.”

The kids in school whisper about you, what their parents and relatives say. The whispers are now taunts of you as a pure politician in the worst moral and ethical way.

Rumors will haunt me of what you did for the right kind of advantage in political circles as “sex-for-support” with appointments to Commissions that paid over $400,000 from the State of California and a NEW BMW worked your way up the ranks of the Democrat Party!

So, why would YOU or ANY other attractive female District Attorney in her Twenties EVER get caught screwing a MARRIED, Senior Citizen in his Sixties AND his wife??!!!

Ask yourself if your Great-Grand Father, Grand Father, Father, Brothers, Uncles, Cousins, Great-Grand Mother, Grand Mother, Mother, Sisters, Aunts, etc., would approve of such behavior?!

Unfortunately, your sexual exploits were well know long before and after your screwing in the Wille Brown threesomes! Your “click” handle as “Cowgirl” says it all!

You see, HOW and the WAY someone gets where they are is MORE IMPORTANT than where the got and what they got out of it! When INTEGRITY and MORALS are tools for barter, THAT person is WORTHLESS, not just WORTH LESS than you value them!!

YOU did it PUBLICLY, and has a very well substantiated REP as a FREAK, referred to then as a “Toss Up”, that now would be referred to as a Hoe, Slut, THOT! They use hashtags #Kamalaisacop; #KamalaHarrisisaPoliticalPornStar, and #PoliticalPornStar to track you!

Too many people KNOW of these things and they are uncontroverted! If ANY MAN did the same thing, he might be considered “a PIMP, the Man!”, but it’s NOT an acceptable path for ANY RESPECTFABLE woman that wants to be considered a LADY, MUCH LESS VICE PRESIDENT!!

Mom is burning in her grave and dad is dying a slow death from your suffocating “daddy issues” playing out on a world stage! 

I DON’T WANNA BE like you, I DON’T WANNA BE YOU! I’M BETTER THAN YOU! I can’t look UP to you, I can’t look UP someone who’s BENEATH me!

Devi Harris

###
Oakland, Ca
Contact:
Nowtruth@Nowtruth.org

Officials Condemn DA O’Malley For Not Pursuing New Charges In Oscar Grant’s Death

OAKLAND (CBS SF) — Two BART directors and an Oakland City Councilmember condemned Alameda County District Attorney Nancy O’Malley Tuesday for deciding not to pursue charges against former BART police officer Anthony Pironein the Jan. 1, 2009 death of Oscar Grant.

BART directors Bevan Dufty and Lateefah Simon and Councilmember Loren Taylor held a Tuesday morning news conference along with Grant’s family to speak out against O’Malley’s decision in the case.

The Oakland City Council and the BART Board are both scheduled to vote this week on resolutions urging O’Malley to reconsider and charge Pirone with felony murder.

“We condemn the decision of the district attorney not to proceed with these charges,” Dufty said. “There is no question that this murder would not have happened without the actions of Officer Tony Pirone. There is simply no question.”

Simon called O’Malley’s decision a failure to do her job.

Nazi Nanzi Oink’Malley

“Nancy O’Malley has failed yet again to do her job and that job was to insure equally justice under the law,” Simon said. “Only through the recently unsealed report we have mentioned here do we know that Officer Pirone was in fact the aggressor when Oscar was murdered. Pirone was found to have lied repeatedly, use unreasonable and unnecessary force.”

A spokesperson for O’Malley said her office did not have any additional response to Tuesday’s news conference beyond its statement Monday.

Taylor said he and fellow council members Carroll Fife, Treva Reid and Nikki Fortunato Bas plan to introduce a resolution at Tuesday’s City Council meeting imploring O’Malley to charge Pirone for his role in the shooting.

“We will never reimagine public safety if bad actors are never held to account for their crimes,” Taylor said.

Grant’s mother, the Rev. Wanda Johnson, argued that O’Malley’s job is not to be impartial toward issues like police brutality that disproportionately affect people of color.

“You have an obligation and a duty to do what is right,” Johnson said in reference to O’Malley. “And because you are failing to do what is right, Oscar’s blood is on your hands, Nancy O’Malley.”

O’Malley’s office issued a 16-page report on Monday that detailed the investigation into Pirone’s action on the night Grant lost his life.

In the report’s conclusion, it stated that the law “makes clear that Anthony Pirone can be guilty of murder only if he personally killed Mr. Grant, or if he aided and abetted the actual killer. In fact, Pirone neither killed nor aided and abetted Mr. Mehserle, who actually killed Mr. Grant.”

The conclusion also noted that the autopsy report on Grant gave no indication that the victim suffered from a head or neck injury that contributed to his death from Pirone placing a knee on Grant’s neck prior to the fatal shooting by Mehserle.

Grant died early New Year’s Day 2009 after being shot in the back while laying on his stomach on the BART Fruitvale Station platform. Only former officer Johannes Mehserle has been charged in connection to his death.

Mehserle was tried and convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2010. A judge sentenced Mehserle to two years in jail minus time served, and Mehserle was paroled after 11 months.

O’Malley and other representatives from her office met with the Grant family on Monday to discuss the conclusions of the investigation.

Grant’s family has been calling for Pirone to be charged after a report from an internal affairs investigation was unsealed in 2019.

The report claimed that Pirone’s actions were “aggressive and unreasonable” and noted that he used a racial epithet against Grant when he was being detained. Pirone also at one point knelt on Grant’s neck as the officers struggled with him on the BART platform.

Attorneys for the Grant family had asked O’Malley to file felony murder charges against Pirone. With the passing of California Senate Bill 1437 in 2018, defendants can be charged with felony murder for aiding and abetting a killing.

Grant’s family on Monday maintained its position that Mehserle would never have been in a position to fire the fatal shot in the first place had it not been for Pirone.

“I’m not asking for different than what our US Constitution says or what our laws say,” said Grant’s mother, the Rev. Wanda Johnson on Monday. “I’m asking for him to be charged for his actions leading up to my son’s death. If it was myself who had done those things, I would definitely be in jail or prison.”

IN MEMORIAM: Mama- I CAN'T BREATHE, Blacks Killed by Police from 1968 – 2020

RENÉE ATER

Public Scholar

IN MEMORIAM: I CAN’T BREATHE

May 29, 2020

I am angry. I am anguished. I am heartbroken.

I am hallowed out.

I am sick and tired of police needlessly killing black and brown people. Some police still see black men as threats, to brutalize, to contain, to remand. They have stereotyped our grandfathers, fathers, husbands, sons, and nephews, as monsters, subject to violence and death. They have killed our grandmothers, mothers, wives,

daughters, and nieces. Every time I watch the video of George Floyd’s death, my heart weeps. Who in their right mind, kneels on another human’s neck and ignores desperate pleas of “I Can’t Breathe”? Where is the humanity of these white police officers? Policing should not be predicated on brutal force and a complete disdain for black life. White supremacy has no place in the criminal justice system, in government, in the White House, in the United States. Black lives matter every second, every minute, every hour, every day.

IN MEMORIAM                   

The universe shrank 

when you went away.

Every time I thought your name,

stars fell upon me. 

— Henry Dumas (poet, social activist, teacher)

Andre Maurice Hill, May 23, 1973 – December 22, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 22, 2020, Columbus Police Officer

Casey Christopher Goodson Jr., January 30, 1997 – December 4, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 4, 2020, Franklin County Sheriff Deputy 

Angelo “AJ” Crooms, May 15, 2004 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Sincere Pierce, April 2, 2002 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Marcellis Stinnette, June 17, 2001 – October 20, 2020

Waukegan, Illinois

Shot: October 20, 2020, Waukegan Police Officer

Jonathan Dwayne Price, November 3, 1988 – October 3, 2020

Wolfe City, Texas

Tasered/Shot: October 3, 2020, Wolfe City Police Officer

Dijon Durand Kizzee, February 5, 1991 – August 31, 2020
Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 21, 2020, Los Angeles County Police

Rayshard Brooks, January 31, 1993 – June 12, 2020
Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: June 12, 2020, Atlanta Police Officer

Carlos Carson, May 16, 1984 – June 6, 2020
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Pepper Sprayed/Shot in Head: June 6, 2020, Knights Inn Tulsa Armed Security Guard, former sergeant and detention officer with the Tulsa County Sheriff’s Office

David McAtee, August 3, 1966 – June 1, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: June 1, 2020, Louisville Metropolitan Police Officer

Tony “Tony the TIger” McDade, 1982 – May 27, 2020
Tallahassee, Florida

Shot: May 27, 2020, Tallahassee Police Officers

George Perry Floyd, October 14, 1973 – May 25, 2020

Powderhorn, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Knee on neck/Asphyxiated: May 25, 2020, Minneapolis Police Officer 

Dreasjon “Sean” Reed, 1999 – May 6, 2020

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: May 6, 2020, Unidentified Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officer

Michael Brent Charles Ramos, January 1, 1978 – April 24, 2020

Austin, Texas

Shot: April 24, 2020, Austin Police Detectives

Daniel T. Prude, September 20, 1978 – March 30, 2020

Rochester, New York

Asphyxiation: March 23, 2020, Rochester Police Officers

Breonna Taylor, June 5, 1993 – March 13, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: March 13, 2020, Louisville Metro Police Officers 

Manuel “Mannie” Elijah Ellis, August 28, 1986 – March 3, 2020

Tacoma, Washington

Physical restraint/Hypoxia: March 3, 2020, Tacoma Police Officers

William Howard Green, March 16, 1976 – January 27, 2020

Temple Hills, Maryland

Shot: January 27, 2020, Prince George’s County Police Officer

John Elliot Neville, 1962 – December 4, 2019

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Asphyxiated (hog-tied in prone position)/Heart Attack/Brain Injury: December 2, 2019, Forsyth County Sheriff Officers 

Atatiana Koquice Jefferson, November 28, 1990 – October 12, 2019

Fort Worth, Texas

Shot: October 12, 2019, Fort Worth Police Officer 

Elijah McClain, February 25, 1996 – August 30, 2019
Aurora, Colorado

Chokehold/Ketamine/Heart Attack: August 24, 2019, Aurora Police Officers and Paramedic

Ronald Greene, September 28, 1969 – May 10, 2019

Monroe, Louisiana

Stun gun/Force: May 10, 2019, Louisiana State Police

Javier Ambler, October 7, 1978 – March 28, 2019
Austin, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 28, 2019, Williamson County Sheriff Deputy

Sterling Lapree Higgins, October 27, 1981 – March 25, 2019
Union City, Tennessee

Choke hold/Asphyxiation: March 24-25, 2019, Union City Police Officer and Obion County Sheriff Deputies

Gregory Lloyd Edwards, September 23, 1980 – December 10, 2018

Brevard County Jail, Cocoa, Florida

Kneed, Punched, Pepper Sprayed, Tasered, and Strapped into a restraint chair with a spit hood over his head/Failure to Provide Medical Care: December 9, 2019, Brevard County Sheriffs

Emantic “EJ” Fitzgerald Bradford Jr., June 18, 1997 – November 22, 2018

Hoover, Alabama

Shot: November 22, 2018, Unidentified Hoover Police Officers

Charles “Chop” Roundtree Jr., September 5, 2000 – October 17, 2018

San Antonio, Texas

Shot: October 17, 2018, San Antonio Police Officer 

Chinedu Okobi, February 13, 1982 – October 3, 2018

Millbrae, California

Tasered/Electrocuted: October 3, 2018, San Mateo County Sheriff Sergeant and Sheriff Deputies 

Anton Milbert LaRue Black, October 18, 1998 – September 15, 2018

Greensboro, Maryland

Tasered/Sudden Cardiac Arrest: September 15, 2018, Greensboro Police Officers

Botham Shem Jean, September 29, 1991 – September 6, 2018

Dallas, Texas

Shot: September 6, 2018, Dallas Police Officer 

Antwon Rose Jr., July 12, 2000 – June 19, 2018

East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Shot: June 19, 2018, East Pittsburgh Police Officer 

Saheed Vassell, December 22, 1983 – April 4, 2018

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: April 4, 2018, Four Unnamed New York City Police Officers

Stephon Alonzo Clark, August 10, 1995 – March 18, 2018

Sacramento, California

Shot: March 18, 2018, Sacramento Police Officers 

Dennis Plowden Jr., 1992 – December 28, 2017

East Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shot: December 27, 2017, Philadelphia Police Officer

Bijan Ghaisar, September 4, 1992 – November 27, 2017

George Washington Memorial Parkway, Alexandria, Virginia

Shot: November 17, 2017, U.S. Park Police Officers   

Aaron Bailey, 1972 – June 29, 2017

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: June 29, 2017, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officers 

Charleena Chavon Lyles, April 24, 1987 – June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Fetus of Charleena Chavon Lyles (14-15 weeks), June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Jordan Edwards, October 25, 2001 – April 29, 2017

Balch Springs, Texas

Shot: April 29, 2017, Balch Springs Officer 

Chad Robertson, 1992 – February 15, 2017

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: February 8, 2017, Chicago Police Officer 

Deborah Danner, September 25, 1950 – October 18, 2016

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 18, 2016, New York City Police Officers

Alfred Olango, July 29, 1978 – September 27, 2016

El Cajon, California

Shot: September 27, 2016, El Cajon Police Officers 

Terence Crutcher, August 16, 1976 – September 16, 2016

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: September 16, 2016, Tulsa Police Officer 

Terrence LeDell Sterling, July 31, 1985 – September 11, 2016

Washington, DC

Shot: September 11, 2016, Washington Metropolitan Police Officer 

Korryn Gaines, August 24, 1993 – August 1, 2016

Randallstown, Maryland

Shot: August 1, 2016, Baltimore County Police

Joseph Curtis Mann, 1966 – July 11, 2016

Sacramento, California

Shot: July 11, 2016, Sacramento Police Officers 

Philando Castile, July 16, 1983 – July 6, 2016

Falcon Heights, Minnesota

Shot: July 6, 2016, St. Anthony Police Officer 

Alton Sterling, June 14, 1979 – July 5, 2016

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Shot: July 5, 2016, Baton Rouge Police Officers 

Bettie “Betty Boo” Jones, 1960 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Quintonio LeGrier, April 29, 1996 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Corey Lamar Jones, February 3, 1984 – October 18, 2015

Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Shot: October 18, 2015, Palm Beach Gardens Police Officer 

Jamar O’Neal Clark, May 3, 1991 – November 16, 2015

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Shot: November 15, 2015, Minneapolis Police Officers 

Jeremy “Bam Bam” McDole, 1987 – September 23, 2015

Wilmington, Delaware

Shot: September 23, 2015, Wilmington Police Officers 

India Kager, June 9, 1988 – September 5, 2015

Virginia Beach, Virginia 

Shot: September 5, 2015, Virginia Beach Police Officers

Samuel Vincent DuBose, March 12, 1972 – July 19, 2015

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: July 19, 2015, University of Cincinnati Police Officer 

Sandra Bland, February 7, 1987 – July 13, 2015

Waller County, Texas

Excessive Force/Wrongful Death/Suicide (?): July 10, 2015, Texas State Trooper

Brendon K. Glenn, 1986 – May 5, 2015

Venice, California

Shot: May 5, 2015, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., August 16, 1989 – April 19, 2015

Baltimore, Maryland

Brute Force/Spinal Injuries: April 12, 2015, Baltimore City Police Officers 

Walter Lamar Scott, February 9, 1965 – April 4, 2015

North Charleston, South Carolina

Shot: April 4, 2015, North Charleston Police Officer 

Eric Courtney Harris, October 10, 1971 – April 2, 2015

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: April 2, 2015, Tulsa County Reserve Deputy 

Phillip Gregory White, 1982 – March 31, 2015

Vineland, New Jersey

K-9 Mauling/Respiratory distress: March 31, 2015, Vineland Police Officers

Mya Shawatza Hall, December 5, 1987 – March 30, 2015

Fort Meade, Maryland

Shot: March 30, 2015, National Security Agency Police Officers

Meagan Hockaday, August 27, 1988 – March 28, 2015

Oxnard, California

Shot: March 28, 2015, Oxnard Police Officer

Tony Terrell Robinson, Jr., October 18, 1995 – March 6, 2015

Madison, Wisconsin

Shot: March 6, 2015, Madison Police Officer 

Janisha Fonville, March 3, 1994 – February 18 2015

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: February 18, 2015, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Officer

Natasha McKenna, January 9, 1978 – February 8, 2015

Fairfax County, Virginia

Tasered/Cardiac Arrest: February 3, 2015, Fairfax County Sheriff Deputies

Jerame C. Reid, June 8, 1978 – December 30, 2014

Bridgeton, New Jersey

Shot: December 30, 2014, Bridgeton Police Officer 

Rumain Brisbon, November 24, 1980 – December 2, 2014

Phoenix, Arizona

Shot: December 2, 2014,  Phoenix Police Officer 

Tamir Rice, June 15, 2002 – November 22, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Shot: November 22, 2014, Cleveland Police Officer 

Akai Kareem Gurley, November 12, 1986 – November 20, 2014

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: November 20, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Tanisha N. Anderson, January 22, 1977 – November 13, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Physically Restrained/Brute Force: November 13, 2014, Cleveland Police Officers

Dante Parker, August 14, 1977 – August 12, 2014

Victorville, California

Tasered/Excessive Force: August 12, 2014, San Bernardino County Sheriff Deputies

Ezell Ford, October 14, 1988 – August 11, 2014

Florence, Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 11, 2014, Los Angeles Police Officers

Michael Brown Jr., May 20, 1996 – August 9, 2014

Ferguson, Missouri

Shot: August 9, 2014, Ferguson Police Officer 

John Crawford III, July 29, 1992 – August 5, 2014

Beavercreek, Ohio

Shot: August 5, 2014, Beavercreek Police Officer 

Tyree Woodson, July 8, 1976 – August 2, 2014

Baltimore, Maryland

Shot: August 2, 2014, Baltimore City Police Officer

Eric Garner, September 15, 1970 – July 17, 2014

Staten Island, New York

Choke hold/Suffocated: July 17, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Dontre Hamilton, January 20, 1983 – April 30, 2014

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Shot: April 30, 2014, Milwaukee Police Officer 

Victor White III, September 11, 1991 – March 3, 2014

New Iberia, Louisiana

Shot: March 2, 2014, Iberia Parish Sheriff Deputy

Gabriella Monique Nevarez, November 25, 1991 – March 2, 2014

Citrus Heights, California

Shot: March 2, 2014, Citrus Heights Police Officers

Yvette Smith, December 18, 1966 – February 16, 2014

Bastrop County, Texas

Shot: February 16, 2014, Bastrop County Sheriff Deputy

McKenzie J. Cochran, August 25, 1988 – January 29, 2014

Southfield, Michigan

Pepper Sprayed/Compression Asphyxiation: January 28, 2014, Northland Mall Security Guards

Jordan Baker, 1988 – January 16, 2014

Houston, Texas

Shot: January 16, 2014, Off-duty Houston Police Officer

Andy Lopez, June 2, 2000 – October 22, 2013

Santa Rosa, California

Shot: October 22, 2013, Sonoma County Sheriff Deputy

Miriam Iris Carey, August 12, 1979 – October 3, 2013

Washington, DC

Shot 26 times: October 3, 2013, U. S. Secret Service Officer

Barrington “BJ” Williams, 1988 – September 17, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Disdain/Asthma Attack: September 17, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Jonathan Ferrell, October 11, 1989 – September 14, 2013

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: September 14, 2013, Charlotte-Mecklenburg  Police Officer 

Carlos Alcis, 1970 – August 15, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City

Heart Attack/Neglect: August 15, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Larry Eugene Jackson Jr., November 29, 1980 – July 26, 2013

Austin, Texas

Shot: July 26, 2013, Austin Police Detective 

Kyam Livingston, July 29, 1975 – July 21, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Ignored pleas for help: July 20-21, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Clinton R. Allen, September 26, 1987 – March 10, 2013

Dallas, Texas

Tasered and Shot: March 10, 2013, Dallas Police Officer

Kimani “KiKi” Gray, October 19, 1996 – March 9, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: March 9, 2013, New York Police Officers

Kayla Moore, April 17, 1971 – February 13, 2013

Berkeley, California

Restrained face-down prone: February 12, 2013, Berkeley Police Officers

Jamaal Moore Sr., 1989 – December 15, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 15, 2012, Chicago Police Officer 

Johnnie Kamahi Warren, February 26, 1968 – February 13, 2012

Dothan, Alabama

Tasered/Electrocuted: December 10, 2012, Houston County (AL) Sheriff Deputy

Shelly Marie Frey, April 21, 1985 – December 6, 2012

Houston, Texas

Shot: December 6, 2012, Off-duty Harris County Sheriff’s Deputy 

Darnisha Diana Harris, December 11, 1996 – December 2, 2012

Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

Shot: December 2, 2012, Breaux Bridge Police Office

Timothy Russell, December 9. 1968 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 23 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Malissa Williams, June 20, 1982 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 24 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Noel Palanco, November 28, 1989 – October 4, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: October 4, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Reynaldo Cuevas, January 6, 1992 – September 7, 2012

Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: September 7, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Chavis Carter, 1991 – July 28, 2012

Jonesboro, Arkansas

Shot: July 28, 2012, Jonesboro Police Officer

Alesia Thomas, June 1, 1977 – July 22, 2012

Los Angeles, California

Brutal Force/Beaten: July 22, 2012, Los Angeles Police Officers

Shantel Davis, May 26, 1989 – June 14, 2012

New York City, New York

Shot: June 14, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Sharmel T. Edwards, October 10, 1962 – April 21, 2012

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: April 21, 2012, Las Vegas Police Officers 

Tamon Robinson, December 21, 1985 – April 18, 2012

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Run over by police car: April 12, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Ervin Lee Jefferson, III, 1994 – March 24, 2012

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: March 24, 2012, Shepperson Security & Escort Services Security Guards

Kendrec McDade, May 5, 1992 – March 24, 2012

Pasadena, California

Shot: March 24, 2012, Pasadena Police Officers 

Rekia Boyd, November 5, 1989 – March 21, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: March 21, 2012, Off-duty Chicago Police Detective 

Shereese Francis, 1982 – March 15, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Suffocated to death: March 15, 2012,  New York City Police Officers

Jersey K. Green, June 17, 1974 – March 12, 2012

Aurora, Illinois

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 12, 2012, Aurora Police Officers

Wendell James Allen, December 19, 1991 – March 7, 2012

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot:  March 7, 2012, New Orleans Police Officer

Nehemiah Lazar Dillard, July 29, 1982 – March 5, 2012

Gainesville, Florida

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 5, 2012, Alachua County Sheriff Deputies

Dante’ Lamar Price, July 18, 1986 – March 1, 2012

Dayton, Ohio

Shot: March 1, 2012, Ranger Security Guards

Raymond Luther Allen Jr., 1978 – February 29, 2012

Galveston, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: February 27, 2012, Galveston Police Officers

Manual Levi Loggins Jr., February 22, 1980 – February 7, 2012

San Clemente, Orange County, California

Shot: February 7, 2012, Orange County Sheriff Deputy 

Ramarley Graham, April 12, 1993 – February 2, 2012

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 2, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Kenneth Chamberlain Sr., April 12, 1943 – November 19, 2011

White Plains, New York

Tasered/Electrocuted/Shot: November 19, 2011, White Plains Police Officers

Alonzo Ashley, June 10, 1982 – July 18, 2011

Denver, Colorado

Tasered/Electrocuted: July 18, 2011, Denver Police Officers 

Derek Williams, January 23, 1989 – July 6, 2011

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Blunt Force/Respiratory distress: July 6, 2011, Milwaukee Police Officers

Raheim Brown, Jr., March 4, 1990 – January 22, 2011

Oakland, California

Shot: January 22, 2011, Oakland Unified School District Police

Reginald Doucet, June 3, 1985 – January 14, 2011

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 14, 2011, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Derrick Jones, September 30, 1973 – November 8, 2010

Oakland, California

Shot: November 8, 2010, Oakland Police Officers 

Danroy “DJ” Henry Jr., October 29, 1990 – October 17, 2010

Pleasantville, New York

Shot: October 17, 2020, Pleasantville Police Officer 

Aiyana Mo’Nay Stanley-Jones, July 20, 2002 – May 16, 2010

Detroit, Michigan

Shot: May 16, 2010, Detroit Police Officer 

Steven Eugene Washington, September 20, 1982 – March 20, 2010

Los Angeles, California

Shot: March 20, 2010, Los Angeles County Police

Aaron Campbell, September 7, 1984 – January 29, 2010

Portland, Oregon

Shot: January 29, 2010, Portland Police Officer 

Kiwane Carrington, July 14, 1994 – October 9, 2009

Champaign, Illinois

Shot: October 9, 2019, Champaign Police Officer 

Victor Steen, November 11, 1991 – October 3, 2009

Pensacola, Florida

Tasered/Run over: October 3, 2009, Pensacola Police Officer 

Shem Walker,  March 18, 1960 – July 11, 2009

Brooklyn, New York

Shot: July 11, 2009, New York City Undercover C-94 Police Officer

Oscar Grant III, February 27, 1986 – January 1, 2009

Oakland, California

Shot: January 1, 2009, BART Police Officer 

Tarika Wilson, October 30, 1981 – January 4, 2008

Lima, Ohio

Shot January 4, 2008, Lima Police Officer 

DeAunta Terrel Farrow, September 7, 1994 – June 22, 2007

West Memphis, Arkansas

Shot: June 22, 2007, West Memphis (AR) Police Officer 

Sean Bell, May 23, 1983 – November 25, 2006

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: November 25, 2006, New York City Police Officers 

Kathryn Johnston, June 26, 1914 – November 21, 2006

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: November 21, 2006, Undercover Atlanta Police Officers

Ronald Curtis Madison, March 1, 1965 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

James B. Brissette Jr., November 6, 1987 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Henry “Ace” Glover, October 2, 1973 – September 2, 2005

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 2, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Timothy Stansbury, Jr., November 16, 1984 – January 24, 2004

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: January 24, 2004, New York City Police Officer 

Ousmane Zongo, 1960 – May 22, 2003

New York City, New York 

Shot: May 22, 2003, New York City Police Officer 

Alberta Spruill, 1946 – May 16, 2003

New York City, New York

Stun grenade thrown into her apartment led to a heart attack: May 16, 2003, New York City Police Officer

Kendra Sarie James, December 24, 1981 – May 5, 2003

Portland, Oregon

Shot: May 5, 2003, Portland Police Officer

Orlando Barlow, December 29, 1974 – February 28, 2003

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: February 28, 2003, Las Vegas Police Officer 

Nelson Martinez Mendez, 1977 – August 8, 2001

Bellevue, Washington

Shot: August 8, 2001, Bellevue Police Officer

Timothy DeWayne Thomas Jr., July 25, 1981 – April 7, 2001

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: April 7, 2001, Cincinnati Police Patrolman 

Ronald Beasley, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers  

Earl Murray, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers 

Patrick Moses Dorismond, February 28, 1974 – March 16, 2000

New York City, New York

Shot: March 16, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

Prince Carmen Jones Jr., March 30, 1975 – September 1, 2000

Fairfax County, Virginia

Shot: September 1, 2000, Prince George’s County Police Officer

Malcolm Ferguson, October 31, 1976 – March 1, 2000

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: March 1, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

LaTanya Haggerty, 1973 – June 4, 1999

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: June 4, 1999, Chicago Police Officer

Margaret LaVerne Mitchell, 1945 – May 21, 1999

Los Angeles, California

Shot: May 21, 1999, Los Angeles Police Officer

Amadou Diallo, September 2, 1975 – February 4, 1999

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 4, 1999, New York City Police Officers 

Tyisha Shenee Miller, March 9, 1979 – December 28, 1998

Riverside, California

Shot: December 28, 1998, Riverside Police Officers

Dannette “Strawberry” Daniels, January 25, 1966 – June 7, 1997

Newark, New Jersey

Shot: June 7, 1997, Newark Police Officer

Frankie Ann Perkins, 1960 – March 22, 1997

Chicago, Illinois

Brutal Force/Strangled: March 22, 1997, Chicago Police Officers

Nicholas Heyward Jr., August 26, 1981 – September 27, 1994

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: September 27, 1994, New York City Police Officer 

Mary Mitchell, 1950 – November 3, 1991 

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: November 3, 1991, New York City Police Officer

Yvonne Smallwood, July 26, 1959 – December 9, 1987

New York City, New York

Severely beaten/Massive blood clot: December 3, New York City Police Officers

Eleanor Bumpers, August 22, 1918 – October 29, 1984

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 29, 1984, New York City Police Officer

Michael Jerome Stewart, May 9, 1958 – September 28, 1983

New York City, New York

Brutal Force: September 15, 1983, New York City Transit Police 

Eula Mae Love, August 8, 1939 – January 3, 1979

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 3, 1979, Los Angeles County Police Officers

Arthur Miller Jr., 1943 – June 14, 1978

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Chokehold/Strangled: June 14, 1978, New York City Police Officers

Randolph Evans, April 5, 1961 – November 25, 1976

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot in head: November 25, 1976, New York City Police Officer

Barry Gene Evans, August 29, 1958 – February 10, 1976

Los Angeles, California

Shot: February 10, 1976, Los Angeles Police Officers

Rita Lloyd, November 2, 1956 – January 27, 1973

New York City, New York

Shot: January 27, 1973, New York City Police Officer

Henry Dumas, July 20, 1934 – May 23, 1968

Harlem, New York City, New York

Shot: May 23, 1968, New York City Transit Police Officer

*************************************************

NOTE 

This memorial is in honor of those unarmed black and brown people killed by the police, sheriff deputies, and security guards. The list is organized by most recent incident of police brutality (David McAtee and George Perry Floyd) and then moves back in time. I have listed each person by their name; birth and death dates; the location of their death; the means of death, date of death, and name of the police department. 

I culled the names from a variety of online sources including Black Lives Matter’s protests; Wikipedia; Black Past; Dangerous Objects, a website run by Mercy Garriga, that investigates cases of excessive use of force and death by the police force; and Professors Cassandra Chaney and Ray V. Robertson’s essay “Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police.” I have included women from the #SaveHerName project because we often ignore the injustices and violence that black women experience from the police: police brutality is real for women as it is for men. 

At the age of twenty-four, a friend introduced me to the radical and astonishingly beautiful poetry and writing of Henry Dumas. His poetry serves as the epitaph for this memorial; Dumas is the last entry on this list, shot by New York City Transit Police on May 23, 1968.

— Renée Ater, May 29, 2020

**Many thanks to Cecilia Wichmann and Mary Savig for their fact checking of this list, including adding birth dates from the Social Security Death Index and links to additional news stories. 

*************************************************

SOURCES

Dangerous Objects

https://www.dangerousobjects.org/

Black Past

https://www.blackpast.org/tag/race-and-justice-black-lives-matter/

Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53f20d90e4b0b80451158d8c/t/55a810d7e4b058f342f55873/1437077719984/AAPF_SMN_Brief_full_singles.compressed.pdf

Everyday Harm: Black Women and a History of Police Violence

Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police, 1999-2014

https://gawker.com/unarmed-people-of-color-killed-by-police-1999-2014-1666672349

82 Black Men and Boys Killed by Police

“Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police” 

http://www.jpanafrican.org/docs/vol8no4/8.4-5-CCRR.pdf

Mothers Against Police Brutality

Color of Change
https://colorofchange.org/about/

Clinton R. Allen Speak Out 2018

Families United 4 Justice Network

https://fu4jgroup.website/index.html

Mapping Police Violence

https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/

Fatal Force, Washington Post

2020: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/

2019: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/police-shootings-2019/

2018:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/national/police-shootings-2018/

2017: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2017/

2016: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2016/

2015: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings/

”What We’ve Learned About Police Shootings 5 Years After Ferguson,” Washington Post, August 9, 2019

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true

The Counted, The Guardian, 2015 and 2016

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/counted-us-police-killings

Fatal Encounters

Stolen Lives: Killed by Law Enforcement

http://www.stolenlives.org/book.html

Police Brutality Cases (PBC), Open Lab at City Tech

The Center for Homicide Research, Police Shootings Database

Three Words. 70 Cases. The Tragic History of ‘I Can’t Breathe.’

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/06/28/us/i-cant-breathe-police-arrest.html

Nearly 250 Women Have Been Fatally Shot By Police Since 2015

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/investigations/police-shootings-women/

California Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss

Corruption Defined
Superior and Appeals Court Fraud in Motion to Dismiss
As for the Appeals Court, the appeals court bases it’s decision to dismiss al-Hakim’s appeal entirely on CSAA’s contention that al-Hakim had failed and refused to comply with an unserved discovery request that was unopposed and as such should have their unserved motion to dismiss granted!
Defendants obtained this order from Commissioner Rausch as the product of fraud and deceit when again defendants got an UNOPPOSED order as al-Hakim was NEVER served any interrogatories and requests for the production of documents BUT Brand granted the Motion of al-Hakim to vacate and set aside the related order on MOTION NO. 3. of 4/16/18. (Filed 9/14/18) 
Nor did defendants serve a motion to dismiss the appeal by CSAA, nor did al-Hakim receive any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA. 
MOTION NO. 3. (see 2/25/19 Brand Challenge at ¶¶ 18, Page 34-35)
Even though Brand set aside the order, his ruling is willfully blind, bias, prejudice, shrouded in fraud as he attempts to ignore the existence of the Fraud, Deception, Misrepresentation and Bad Faith Conduct of Defendants. Here Brand was presented with evidence of defendants sworn statements that clearly establish their fraud of al-Hakim, Extrinsic fraud upon the court, the People of the State of California by not having served the alleged documents, yet in his order he advocated a judicial imprimatur of the defense’s theory and demands “within 21 days of service of this order, Al-Hakim must produce responses to interrogatories (set one) and requests for the production of documents (set one). The responses must be without objection and must be verified” He totally disregards the fact that al-Hakim WAS NEVER SERVED, thus CAN NOT RESPOND!!
THIS ORDER WAS TAKEN OUT OF SHEER FRAUD AND DECIT BY CSAA FILING WITHOUT SERVING THE MOTIONS ON al-HAKIM.
al-Hakim has expressed repeatedly to the courts that he was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, nor any motion to compel discovery by CSAA, and this is clearly a well established patterned litigation practice employed by them and al-Hakim has brought this fact to the attention of the courts many, many times before as well as CSAA historically NEVER has any supporting proof of service that is legally and properly executed, is always unsigned so that they are NOT under the penalty of perjury. The orders are the unsavory product of CSAA’s unscrupulous, immoral fraud and that immorality has been drastically redefined in recent times, arguably the boundaries of what is judicially acceptable remain publicly policed!
The Court of Appeal abuse its discretion and improperly prejudice al-Hakim when it dismissed his appeal given that Justice Barbara J.R. Jones July 16, 2018 order EVADES THE ENTIRE GRAVAMEN OF al-HAKIM’S ARGUMENT, THE FACT THAT al-HAKIM WAS NEVER SERVED THE MOTION TO DISMISS BY DEFENDANTS AND NEVER RECEIVED ANY NOTICE FROM HER APPEALS COURT OF ANY SUCH ACTION AND HER APPEALS COURT HAVE NO RECORD OF EVER SENDING ANY NOTICE OF ANY TYPE TO al-HAKIM REGARDING THE MOTION TO DISMISS!
So how is it possible that the Appeals Court would be silent, not providing ANY proof of their having EVER served ANY notice of any kind of their receiving the motion to dismiss, NOTHING served on me even remotely noticing the motion, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Anne Reasoner, Vira Pons or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling as he usually would. 
The matters of the courts failure and refusal to serve ANY notice of ANY type regarding as serious a matter as a dismissal of an action against the obvious corruption of a judge or judges combined with the failure and refusal of the reviewing judge smacks of blatant GRAND CORRUPTION of ALL INVOLVED, ESPECIALLY AND INCLUDING THOSE THAT COVER IT UP COMMITTING AN EVEN GREATER CRIME!!!
Alameda Superior Court and Appeals Corruption

Judge Brands ruling granting the motion to vacate and set aside the order granting defendants motion to compel interrogatories and sanctions due to NON SERVICE.
On October 12, 2018, the Appeals Court sent a reply that merely mentions that the defendants had submitted a proof of service dated June 22, 2018, that was allegedly served via mail and electronically to two different email addresses, 1) one that CSAA has admitted to the courts that has been blocked from sending email to for years due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval and 2) the other email address he knows is not al-Hakim. There NEVER was any U.S. mail nor personal service of any documents.
In several documents filed with the courts, Attorney John Bradley sworn under the penalty of perjury in a November 29, 2017 letter to al-Hakim that he will neither serve nor accept service via email and has not done so!
At the November 22, 2017 hearing, Bradley could not and did not produce a valid, properly executed proof of service which is why his deputy counsel Colwell could not enforce his unserved motion for the issuance of an order to show cause re: sale of dwelling.
Secondly, al-Hakim notified Bradley by letter, fax and email on December 4, 2017, that Bradley’s email was blocked due to his giving that email address to a commercial business without al-Hakim’s knowledge or approval. This notice was given months, nearly a year before Bradley claims that it was problematic and he fails to explain how al-Hakim has problems with receiving mail at his home because Bradley alleges that “he does NOT live there and is not there everyday”. al-Hakim does NOT deliver the mail to his home and in no way would be involved nor responsible for that task!
NOW THE ENTIRE UNDERPINNINGS OF JUDGE JONES DECISION TO DISMISS al-HAKIM’S APPEAL HAVE VANISHED except the remaining Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; Manipulation; Cause Due to Criminal Conduct In Violation of The Law!
The Appeals court, Judge Barbara Jones and the court clerks are blocking and providing interference for judge Kim Colwell to make her “end run” and complete her fraud and corruption in her Order for sale of al-Hakim’s Dwelling BEFORE the Motion to Vacate the Order, which was uncontested by defendants, was to be heard and has been continued by the court under an illegal Appeals stay since February 2018. 
al-Hakim’s Motion to Vacate the Order granting the sale of plaintiff home is NOT an appealable order and is NOT subject to the automatic stay pending appeals, just as the defendants motion for sale of the dwelling with an undertaking is NOT subject to the automatic stay, which Colwell ruled the sale of dwelling could and did go forward, yet she has continued to delay the resolution to plaintiff’s motion to vacate that was uncontested by defendants! This would reverse the ruling made by Judge Colwell for the sale of the Dwelling!!!
For eight months Colwell had been begging the Appeals court to expedite the Remitter in the motion to dismiss so she can quickly rule on the motion to vacate with a denial! 
For the Appeals Court to deny such a serious motion when the appeals court was willfully and intentionally derelict in their NON-SERVICE of ANY notices to al-Hakim and CSAA obvious fraud, there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people! It is even more enlightening in respects to the calumny deceit and denial of due process employed in it, that al-Hakim have complained of for years. This order in response to al-Hakim’s actions of merely invoking his rights to petition the courts was the very epitome of specious retaliation and heinous denial of due process FORCED on al-Hakim by defendants.
On March 18, 2019, January 10 and 7, 2019 and November 7, 2018, filed and served complaints with Chief Justice Cantil-Sakauye and Associate Justices of the Court, Beth Robbins, and Charles Johnson requesting an investigation of and urging both the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal to grant review of the Court of Appeal’s decision in al-HAKIM VS CSAA- Wellpoint (2018) California Appeals Court Case# 153510, and now California Supreme Court Case# S-250997. Order from the Appeals Court dated July 16, 2018
al-Hakim has received NO response from the State Supreme nor Appeals Courts and their response and the admissions of the facts, evidence, testimony, and proof from their findings of what happened in this incident has a drastic effect on this case as it will NOT “go away” merely because you chose to ignore it! We DEMAND ANSWERS TO THIS CONTINUING CRIME!
Defendants “appeal covers more than just a failure to comply with a court order. It includes obstructive tactics and frustration or obstruction of legitimate efforts to enforce a judgment.” as again al-Hakim was NEVER served any motion to dismiss by CSAA, any filing notice of any type from the Appeals Court of any motion to dismiss by CSAA, no briefing schedule, no schedule of motion practice, and this clearly should have been the practice of the courts as it has before with Anne Reasoner and Truefiling. al-Hakim NEVER received any email, or U. S. postal mail from Reasoner or the appeals court nor any electronic service from TrueFiling, which is the norm, and there is NO RECORD of any type that any of them sent any notice of any type to al-Hakim!
These matters are currently being investigated.
Oakland City Attorney Gives Case File To Defendants Stephan Barber and Law Firm Ropers Majeski, Doesn’t Tell Court or Plaintiffs!

Non-Service of Process Tactic
This tactic employed by the courts and defendants of failing to serve documents on al-Hakim is a major part of the litigation scheme carried out solely for the purpose of espousing defendants vitriol of Trump-esq hate induced 20 year strategy of FRAUD, DECIET, RACISM, RELIGIOUS BIGOTRY, AND INTOLERANCE, PREJUDICE, stirring the animus of the court to provoke acrimony toward al-Hakim, fostering calumny deceit within the judicial and legal community, knowingly using fraudulent, misleading, false and larcenous documentation provided by Defendants attempting to foist upon plaintiff and the courts the imprimatur of substantiating documentary evidence in denial of al-Hakim’s civil rights and immunity from takings of property without due process is a gross abuse of discretion in violation of the law is objectively unreasonable and was undertaken intentionally with malice, willfulness, and reckless indifference to the rights of al-Hakim in lieu of proper litigation.
Brand’s order has merely substantiated the evidence of the continuing Superior Court Administration Grand, Systemic and Endemic Corruption; Conduct To Pervert or Obstruct Justice, or the Due Administration of the Laws (Pen.Code, §§ 182, subd. (a)(1), 4570) 1 and Conspiracy to Pervert or Obstruct Justice (§ 182, subd. (a)(5)); Fraud Upon The Court; and Manipulation.
These efforts of CSAA is tantamount to a scheme to hinder, deny and defraud al-Hakim in violation of the laws above and can qualify as a Hate Crime under the Unruh and Ralph Civil Rights and the Bane Acts, while they are clear acts of religious bigotry and intolerance for which al-Hakim will not allow.

The “COURTEL” Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats

The “COURTEL” Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats

MEDIA ADVISORY

Due to the Grand Systemic and Endemic Corruption, that includes Judicial/Legal Systemic Racism as a subset, that provides for the unlawful, and unconstitutional acts of The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, the Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats, the al-Hakim Family has suffered the unfathomable loss of their homes, their businesses, their incomes, their life’s assets, their credit worthiness, their friends and associates! 
Those Judicial/Legal, Government and Law Enforcement Bodies, Agencies and Political Officials identified in the COURTEL, are listed in the “THE COURTEL,THE COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL” Page on this website at: https://wp.me/Pye39-qE; and those identified as Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats are listed BELOW! Those identified as “THE COURTEL”, include ALL those referenced in both The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, plus the Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats collectively in total!
ABDUL-JALIL al-HAKIM, his family members Harun al-Hakim-Miller, Jalil Omar al-Hakim, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, Joette al-Hakim-Hall, Patty Flenory, and their siblings; and their business entities Superstar Management, The Genius of Randy Wallace, Inc., the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation (AMWF), Nowtruth.org, eX-whY Adventures, and communities that they serve, have suffered through over 50 years of continuing great and irreparable harm, which continues to this date.
The COURTEL disabled, stole and sold their home, businesses, retirement funds, cars, trucks, assets, revoked al-Hakim’s drivers license and passport: forcing the loss of income from oversea’s employment, touring and booking dates; business and pleasure travel; prohibited from serving in Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation (AMWF) relief missions in Haiti and Africa willfully and intentionally deprived al-Hakim, his family and business of their civil rights, religious rights, right to fair competition and right to due process under the law and insurance contract; the benefits under the contract; the peace of mind and economic security purchased under the contract; the prospects of full and healthy lives for the past forty years and in the untold future; the normal course of their lives and the pursuit of happiness which will never be recovered; al-Hakim, his family and business has been harmed BEYOND COMPREHENSION!
The COURTEL and District Attorney admitted stealing child support paid to them in trust for al-Hakim’s daughter and extorted al-Hakim to pay it again; al-Hakim’s appeal of the District Attorney’s fraud and extortion was handled by then Attorney General Jerry Brown and later Kamala Harris whom substituted in as attorneys in the interest of justice, yet they was supposed to be investigating these same parties crimes as part of the U. S. Attorney General’s action al-Hakim filed in 2005; they suspended al-Hakim’s drivers license since 2004 for the DA’s admitted fraud in an effort to extort him into paying for their fraud; at the same time revoked al-Hakim’s passport denying his ability to travel or gain employment internationally for the DA’s admitted fraud in an effort to extort him into paying for their fraud; the California State Franchise Tax Board illegally raided two al-Hakim’s retirement money market and business accounts with fraudulent, fictitious double billed bank levies on both business and personal bank accounts; the COURTEL (DA’s office, Hayward Police Department, California Bureau of Automotive Repair) have dismantled an auto leaving it in parts; they have impounded and sold another SUV truck used in their family non-profit foundation; Bankruptcy judge Randall Newsome fabricated the audio and written record of a hearing and three times demanded al-Hakim work with Trustee and attorneys to continue performing management duties for M. C. Hammer and when al-Hakim refused to work free, the judge made a “take it or leave it” offer compromising al-Hakim’s $1.7 million claim, resulting in al-Hakim getting $0; another Federal Bankruptcy Trustee stole $10,000 from al-Hakim in a Bankruptcy case involving court ordered restitution to be paid to al-Hakim from the police burglary of al-Hakim’s computer store; among others! 
This is criminal fraud upon the court and law, extrinsic fraud — fraud on the al-Hakim, which prevented him from having his days in court and has deprived him and his family of the celebration of their daily lives with the pursuit of happiness, ruined their health, destroyed their businesses, their savings of their lifetimes, All this in retaliation for exercising federal protections against the onslaught of record setting violations of federally protected rights, and in retaliation for reporting criminal activities in which The COURTEL, Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats with their conspiring offending parties were implicated.
Appeals and Superior Court Corruption

This COURTEL, Corruptocrats and Kleptocrats have deprived al-Hakim and his family of the celebration of their daily lives with the pursuit of happiness, ruined their health, destroyed their businesses, the savings of a lifetime, with their fraud upon the court inflicting maximum emotion distress, pain and suffering, forbidding and denying the basic and elementary pursuit of happiness, casting them into an uncontrollable downward spiraling infinite moribund density, schism, chasm, of life threatening and life altering danger and crippling poverty without end until death!

The COURTEL’S insidious and fatal legal intrusion into the al-Hakim’s lives has maimed and dismember the al-Hakim family; shattered their hopes, dreams, aspirations; murdered their lives through oppression and persecution; causing, forcing their death from this slaughter and torture, as they destroy al-Hakim’s iconic, role model status, ruined his public persona and business reputation, and sullied his professional integrity by casting aspersions upon him with GREAT pain and suffering!
The COURTEL’S illegal eviction of al-Hakim from the defaulted Green Key case, forced him, his family and businesses out of his home with only two days to move and was unable to take anything! ALL al-Hakim’s entire 70 years life long obtained belongings, every invaluable item he has ever acquired, including everything of his family’s personal property and his businesses property documented over $600,000, ALL his belongings from 40 years of residing in the home and was forced to leave EVERYTHING, a completely furnished, 5 bedroom, 19 room, 3,800 sq ft home, including his business and personal property, includes ALL personal and business effects, computers and electronics, jewelry, artwork, audio and video recorder equipment and tapes, chandeliers, silver and china ware, household items, furniture and fixtures, valuables, clothing, gym and exercise equipment, spa and swimming pool goods, bedroom goods, kitchen ware, ALL food and nutrition goods, supplies, gardening and pool supplies, tools, accessories and supplies. 
JudicialTyranny
Additionally, there was over $100,000 in clothing, clothing accessories, sporting goods and equipment, clothing racks, displays, manikins, athletic wear, gear, accessories, inventory of the family 62 year old non-profit, the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation, alone! These are among other things that were in the home on the premises. 
Of note is the fact al-Hakim was forced to leave all his personal and business files that are now in the custody and control of the COURTEL’S. al-Hakim has NONE of the files he had accumulated over his life of years!
The COURTEL’S has total possession and control of ALL al-Hakim’s possessions, Four times al-Hakim has demanded the return of EVERYTHING, ALL ITEMS LEFT IN THE HOUSE, WITHOUT ANY DAMAGE TO THEM! COURTEL and defendants has NEVER responded to the demand and we are sure the items of interest are in the complete control of the COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats!
The COURTEL’S tactics is designed to instill fear into al-Hakim and his family, to capture them in the snare of the legal system- civil and criminal, with prosecuting judges, police and district attorney in ALL their cases…… without justice, stealing their lives, businesses, human and civil rights, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom are ALL in jeopardy of peril. Justice is what they want you to buy into and adhere to while they use it as a smoke screen to deny you that same justice they NEVER intended for you!
Kamala Harris, whom substituted in as attorneys in the interest of justice, was acting or purporting to act in the performance of their official duties, FILED DOCUMENTS THAT THEY WERE REPRESENTING the al-Hakim Family members Harun al-Hakim-Miller, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, Joette al-Hakim-Hall, Patty Flenory; the VERY SAME PARTIES THEY ADMITTED TO HAVE STOLEN, MISAPPROPRIATED, AND DEFRAUDED THE CHILD SUPPORT PAID TO THEM IN TRUST FOR THE MINOR GIRLS AND THEN EXTORTED THE FATHER TO PAY IT AGAIN; wherein this conduct violated the girls’s civil rights, religious rights, right to fair competition and right to due process under the law and is an inherent threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom; yet Kamala Harris and the Attorney General’s Office was supposed to be investigating these same parties crimes as part of the U. S. Attorney General’s action al-Hakim filed in 2005! THERE IS NO GREATER CONFLICT OF INTEREST THEN THIS OBVIOUS AND ADMITTED DEFRAUDING OF TWO MINOR GIRLS CHILD SUPPORT PERPETRATED BY KAMALA HARRIS IN THE INTEREST OF JUSTICE IN THE HISTORY IF JUSTICE!!
The COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, these corrupt judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities are more dangerous to our liberty, than any of the enemy it claims to protect us from. Why have these people and organizations been so derelict while failing and refusing so miserably to enforce the same rules of conduct and law on incompetent, mendacious judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities after so many complaints filed? They have allowed these same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities to act as if in a trance… trying to destroy al-Hakim and demonized al-Hakim to prosecute, persecute and disparaged al-Hakim whom was guilty only of advocating and standing up for his civil and human rights and right to due process. These same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities are allowed to use court orders to threaten to fine, jail and pauperize al-Hakim. 
Did the COURTEL, Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, these same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities honestly and fairly serve al-Hakim and this generation of Americans by failing and refusing to prosecute these serious charges, and did they do what it takes to defeat the inherent threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom? Sadly — of course — the distance of history will recognize that the threat to all our civil and human rights, right to due process, property, pursuit of happiness and freedom that al-Hakim and this generation of Americans needed to take seriously… was The “COURTEL”COURT CORRUPTION CARTEL, with their Corruptocrats, and Kleptocrats, the same judicial, law enforcement, governmental and legal entities that they are suppose to Protect and Defend US FROM!
Herein you will find those identified in the al-Hakim cases as being involved in this COURTEL culled from the case files ALL of whom are and will be a NAMED DEFENDANTS, WITNESSES, and SNITCHES are:
United States Senator Dianne Feinstein
United States Congresswoman Barbara Lee, Anne Taylor, Elaine McKellar, Lauren Riggs, Saundra Andrews, Leslie Littleton and ALL former and current employees
California State Governor: Gavin Newsome, former Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown Jr., Evan Westrep and ALL former and current employees
California State Senator Kamala Harris and ALL members of her office including but not limited to Nathan Barankin, Debbie Mesloh, Michael Troncoso, Tony West, Shaeda Ahmadi, Clint Odom, Lily Adams, Tyrone Gayle and Rohini Kosoglu, Brenda Gonzalez, Andy Vargas, Shawn Haq, Josh Hsu, Daniel Chen, Sergio Gonzales, Kate Waters, Zev Karlin-Neumann, Halie Soifer,
California State Franchise Tax Board: Vu Tran, Emelda Nanca, Margaritas Escoveda, Selvi Stanislaus, Connie Aceves, Eric Scheidegger, Sheree Haris, Jeffery Lin, Iselma Bueno, Virginia, Patricia, Sharon Jones, and ALL former and current employees
California State Senator Loni Hancock, Michelle Milam, Terri Waller, Melissa Male, Nathan Rapp, and ALL former and current employees
Former California State Assemblyman Sandre Swanson, staff Carol Jones, Charlene Washington, Adam Jones, Larry Broussard, Danita Blair, Amber Maltbie, Monica Vejar, Amanda, and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Administrator: Susan Muranishi, Donna Linton and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Office of the Treasure And Tax Collector, Donald R. White, Elvia Quiroga, Jack Wong and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Supervisor Kieth Carson, Rodney Brooks, Mina Sanchez and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Supervisors: Nate Miley, Andra Wicks, and ALL former and current employees
Alameda County Sheriff’s Office: GREGORY J. AHERN, R. KELLY, S. PETERSON, RICHARD T. LUCIA, CASEY NICE, BRETT M. KETELES, James Baker 
Alameda County Clerk-Recorder
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Mayor City of Alameda: Marie Gilmore
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Oakland City Attorney Gives Case File To Defendants Stephan Barber and Law Firm Ropers Majeski, Doesn’t Tell Court or Plaintiffs

 
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ZACHARY YOUNG, and ALL former and current employees
The past and present residents of 7641 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: George and Jackie Piljay, Dustin Dalli, Caitlin F. Dobson, Michael D. Dobson, Caitlin J. Farr, Denise T. Coronado, Rogelio G Coronado Ii, Nettie Wilson, John Hudson, Juan Mancheno, Harold Deblander, Marco Manriquez and Mar Con Co., Sharon Foncesca
The past and present residents of 7640 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Wayne Kasom, Howard Roth
The past and present residents of 7634 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Asa J. Watkins Jr., Carol A. Watkins, Bobbie J. Watkins
The past and present residents of 7615 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Carl Sims, Earthy Raylene Sims
The past and present residents of 7627 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: James M. Zeager, Bessie M. Zeager, Sebastian Gauthier
The past and present residents of 7701 Sunkist Drive, Oakland CA 94605 including but not limited to: Ron Marcus and Patti Maloney, Ronald D. Maloney, P. M. Marcus, Patti A. Maloney
Respectfully,

Abdul-Jalil

 

FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY

FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY!!
On October 25, 2016, I posted an article “Kamala “Kriminal Harass” Harris Embezzled Child Support from FaceBook Legal Counsel and Fundraiser! Extorts Parents, Targets and Threatens Father!” 
The article addressed Alameda County Superior Court Judges, District Attorney, Department of Child Support Services ALL involved in Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, Extortion Case of child support payments al-Hakim made in trust to the DA in their fiduciary capacity for the minor al-Hakim children depriving al-Hakim and the minor child of THOUSANDS of DOLLARS paid, then fraudulently and illegally charging al-Hakim with the crime of violating the child support statute for nonpayment! Full Story with Videos and Documents at http://tinyurl.com/ljk8av
The decades old conflict between Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim and Family with the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) and the Department of Child Support Service (DCSS) is among the most extensively told in the history of the American judiciary.
The posted article included my daughter, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, who was a Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at FaceBook where she created the Diversity program until she left two years ago in 2018, whom had her Child Support embezzled and stolen by the District Attorney, whom tried to frame me for it, and persecuted our Family for over 20 years when we ALL objected, agreed NOT to pay and refused to pay the stolen funds again. 
Wherein the DA suspended my drivers license and revoked my passport for over TWENTY YEARS in an effort to force me to pay again, but more so just to put me in the “system” susceptible to ALL possible police, judicial, law enforcement whims of hate induced persecution, harassment, oppression, racism, bigotry, Islamophobia, Xenophobia and retaliation! They did this despite the fact that the District Attorney Bill Kleeman ADMITTED in a letter to the parents apologizing for their crimes, stopped the fraudulent theft of the child support, then doubled down and began stealing the money all over again three years later after the supervising DA died! You can read or download the letter here: https://www.box.com/shared/vny517fknk 
Kamala Harris was working with the DA’s office with all her friends directly involved in this Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, and Extortion Case!
As Attorney General “Kriminal Harass” and the Office of The Attorney General of The State of California substituted in as attorney of record in this case for the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services allegedly “in the interest of justice”. What justice is there in the Attorney General defending, concealing and thereby further complicitly committing the admitted willful and intentional extrinsic fraud upon the court; prosecutorial misconduct; willful and malicious prosecution; misconduct; conflict of interest; obstruction of justice; denial of due process under the law; willful and intentional fabrication and authoring false evidence; misstating and mischaracterizing evidence; misrepresentation and concealment of material facts with knowledge of the truth with the intent to induce the court’s act or reliance; harassment; and intimidation on behalf of District Attorney Nancy O’Malley, former DA Tom Orloff, Maureen Lenahan, Valgeria Harvey, counselors L. Lavagetto, Ms. K. Pendergrass, Ms. Adler, Kris Ferre, and accountant Mr. Lovelady and others unnamed in the DA’s office; various judges and Commissioner Oleon’s abuse of discretion, willful misconduct, conduct prejudicial, illegal ex-parte communications and bias that resulted in error.
This was done to excuse and protect the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services from their ongoing conflict of interest in their alleging to represent the interest of Joette Hall, whom they had defrauded along with al-Hakim of the funds paid to the DCSS in trust for their minor child Bari.
I received a letter from Marina Soto, California Deputy Attorney General, dated June 1, 2017 regarding our Noticed Request for Documents served on Kamala Harris May 22 and 23, 2017. It was served on the Parties to provide the time to comply with previous Requests made subject to Rule 10.500; Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act; Brown Act- California Public Records Act Request (PRA), and Ethics Complaints.
Feigning ignorance in the letter, she asks me to clarify the request, if under PRA, wherein they will respond accordingly. Every one of you herein has done the exact same thing for years only to have the evidence of crime against you mount to a point of insurmountable!
As a result, I clarified the Demand for Production of Documents for each of them therein that has had a previous request made. If there is no compliance in seven (7) days, we will file formal Request for Production of Documents and Depositions on each herein. I will start with Attorney Generals Jerry Brown, Kamala Harris, Xavier Becerra and Ms. Soto.
On April 7, 2014, we filed and served a FOIA/Brown Act Request on Attorney General Kamala D. Harris, Joan Kirtlan, Stephen Napolillo- Records Co-ordinators, and Custodian of Records.
By letter attached dated April 17, 2014, Brent Orick- Special Agent in Charge- Professional Standards Group, Division of Law Enforcement, acknowledging receipt of our PRA Request on April 7, 2014, therein requesting time to respond by May 1, 2014, in order “to consult with another agency having a substantial interest in the determination of the request or among two or more components of the agency having a substantial subject matter interest therein”. In a separate letter Soto made the same request for an extension of time to comply the very same day! The letter can be read or downloaded at:
AG Harris- Orick FOIA Response
https://app.box.com/s/zcl41lib06z12ninb2dzqlsigl4tpyer
and 
AG Harris- Soto FOIA Response
https://app.box.com/s/7f8u8dr274z6wdskgx40a0auujpw7uf3
Additionally, on May 6, 2014 and July 3, 2014 Orick left voice mail messages for me regarding the Attorney General’s response. The voice mail can be listen to or downloaded at:
May 6, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/kpnvn0lvx74bm8dahsc5vgd2686zfdyd
July 3, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/uexrxsxwjfkpavxdaetwqqk1z1wcev2j
By letter attached dated May 2, 2014, I informed both Ms. Soto and Mr. Orick that the FOIA/Brown Act Request filed on April 7, 2014 and their acknowledged receipt from both dated April 17, 2014 that they have both for the Attorney General failed and refused to comply with ANY of the requested information as per the law by providing NO RESPONSE AT ALL. This implies that the original request they both made on April 17, 2014 at the conclusion of the required time to provide the information was totally disingenuous! The letter can be read or downloaded at: 
https://app.box.com/s/vf4tnpxz7mhx9t545d80e6sqhxvuh138
In an attached letter dated May 28, 2014, to Mrs. Harris, Ms. Soto, Mr. Orick and Custodian of Records requesting again that the Attorney General respond to the request, to comply with all relevant deadlines and other obligations set forth in FOIA and the agency’s regulations. 5 U.S.C. § 552, (a)(6)(A)(i); 26 a.F.R. § 601.702(c)(9)(ii). Pursuant to 26 C.F.R. § 601.702(c)(2)(i), I would prefer the responsive records be provided in an electronic format. Attorney General’s March 2009 FOIA memorandum, reiterating President Obama’s directive that in “the face of doubt, openness prevails.” Attorney General, Memorandum for Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies at 1 (March 19, 2009) (Attorney General Memorandum). They have yet to comply or even respond! The letter can be read or downloaded at: https://app.box.com/s/feolyhbt0rchngtugayi5cj8chr9mayj
But as any good politician has done, Harris has actually been involved in stealing child support from Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim’s minor child with an outstanding order! She not only worked in the DA’s office during the time this embezzlement was happening but then represented the Department of Child Support Services and the DA’s office AGAINST al-Hakim. 
Now 25 years later, that minor child that Kriminal Harass embezzled is Bari al-Hakim-Williams.
Bari al-Hakim-Williams has hosted and attended multiple fundraisers for Harris, even held at her home, that was promoted on
“Heyevent.com” 
Host included ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG
Shelton posted:
Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 
Saturday, 14 November 2009, 15:00
 At the Home of Bari and Jaime Williams – Oakland, CA 

Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 
Friends,
Please join me at a fundraiser in support of my friend and colleague 

SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT ATTORNEY
&
CANDIDATE FOR CALIFORNIA ATTORNEY GENERAL 2010 KAMALA D. HARRIS 

Saturday, November 14, 2009 3:00 – 5:00 pm 
AT THE HOME OF JAIME & BARI WILLIAMS OAKLAND, CA* 
Hosted by – 
ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARI A. WILLIAMS, ESQ., BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG 
Guest . . . . . . . . . $250 
If you are unable to attend the event, but would like to support. You can donate online by visiting: http://kamalaharris.org/donate/event/534. Please let me know if you donate via the website so that I can track your contribution. 
Thanks in advance for your support! 
Demetrius
Oddly enough Shelton is involved in the al-Hakim legal action against the City of Oakland in the Case of al-Hakim vs CSAA and Rescue Rooter, et. al. You can hear Demetruis Shelton, President of the National Bar Association and City Attorney employee’s Voicemail “Russo Received Trial Subpoenas!!!”
The Facebook posted article included photos of my daughter, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, whom had her child support, with President Barack and Michelle Obama at the White House and her Facebook employee photo. 
Bari al-Hakim-Williams, was honored for her fine achievements at the White House where she was hosted by President Obama and Michelle Obama, as one of the Nations “40 Under 40” top lawyers by the National Bar Association, among others. She was featured in Black Enterprise Magazine, discussing her plight as a minority and woman of color in a major corporation, in a commanding leadership position over men, lawyers and engineers, and the Diversity Program she founded at FaceBook. Her title there is Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at Facebook where she governs everything that is purchased. She created the Diversity program and talks about it here.
For some unknown reason, FaceBook “wiped/scrubbed” her photos from the post. I replaced them and they were removed again! The suddenly the posts with the photos were removed from my Facebook Profile entirely without explanation! JUST WHAT IS FACEBOOK UP TO WITH MY ACCOUNT? Something is HIGHLY SUSPICIOUS about THEIR actions! The decades old conflict between Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim and Family with the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) and the Department of Child Support Service (DCSS) is among the most extensively told in the history of the American judiciary with the admitted willful fraud and extortionate scheme that the District Attorney and DCSS extensively exercised to persecute the family that they are liable for.
On February 19, 2017, I posted an article on FaceBook called The “Courtel” that was labeled as “false information”. THAT WAS FACTUALLY UNTRUE!!! We were NEVER noticed of this and only found out about it years later! There as no other information. How, why and by whom was this “fact-checked”? This IS NOT an error, it’s CENSORSHIP! FACEBOOK MUST STOP THIS TROLLING,  SURVEILLING, CORRUPTION, CONSPIRING AND CENSORSHIP FOR KAMALA HARRIS AND THE COURTEL IMMEDIATELY!!
The WORLD needs to know the TRUTH about Kamala Harris, The COURTEL their campaigns and how FaceBook is censoring the TRUTH to cover their FRAUD. ALL of our post you tagged as “false information” proven by a 3rd party fact checker, IS ITSELF FALSE INFORMATION, OPPRESSIVE,  HOSTILE AND DEFAMATORY OF ME, MY FAMILY, OUR BUSINESSES OUR COMMUNITIES AND THOSE THAT WE SERVE!! 
When I challenged the “false information” label and asked FACEBOOK to prove ANY of the information was false, they removed the label! ALL this information is listed in certified court documents including THEIR ADMISSIONS of Fraud, Embezzlement and Extorting my family! ALL PROVEN, TRUE AND ACCURATE! So Facebook is trolling, surveilling and monitoring ALL our activities and placing limits on every action of ours!
I recently filed the required documents to VERIFY my account at 1:57 am and that request was DENIED at 1:57 am after an alleged “review”. That is NOT HUMANLY POSSIBLE! There is no algorithm that can make that determination in less than 10 seconds!! First, it’s ME verifying that it’s ME!! That could ONLY possibly be for the purpose of assuring the viewers of my Profile that it’s ME! Who else would want to do that and can provide MY California government issued ID? 
I have been a Public Figure since I was 12 years old as a GENIUS and Sports Star, on to setting many unprecedented records in American History! My achievements have been chronicled in the media and taught in ALL the major MBA and Law School Academia Institutions in America! So, just how do you DENY me the verification in less than 10 seconds??!!!
The limits placed on OUR friend requests are absolutely ridiculous!!! Clearly FACEBOOK’S algorithm can distinguish between friend requests, comments, replies,  and postings, so there should be no confusion/association between those functions! Their algorithm doesn’t know who I know!!! AND, I don’t want the whores, snitches, and terrorist that Facebook suggest as friends whom I DON’T KNOW!!! This is just a measure to block the friend request process and deny certain users the opportunity to make requests of REAL friends and it’s NOT relative to time, time has no importance! This is simply B.S.!!
Again, I was blocked from posting to Groups we belong to for SEVERAL weeks without explanation.  What are their reasons for the Blocks? Other than THEIR CENSORSHIP, what reason could there possibly be for restricting our posts when they have been sooo widely reacted to with comments, likes, dislikes, etc. and recirculated over and over with shares??!!! WHO doesn’t like what’s being said? Facebooks restriction is OPPRESSION!!
We currently have a case pending in Alameda County Courts that addresses our censorship and conspiracy of Twitter and Google being complicit in the activities of Kamala Harris, the COURTEL, CORRUPTOCRATS AND KLEPTOCRATS  and it now seems that we MUST add FACEBOOK to the case.