How the Clintons Robbed and Destroyed Haiti

https://globalnews.ca/video/rd/7d4e54a4-9fe5-11eb-91e3-0242ac110005/

By Takudzwa Hillary Chiwanza, African Exponent, Feb. 18, 2020

The imprint of Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton is indelible. The couple’s presence and impact on the Caribbean island have brought nothing but prolonged despair for the Haitians. Their elusive and opaque deals in the country have not done anything to alleviate the country out of poverty depths. The purported interests of helping Haiti from its myriad of problems have only caused stagnation in Haiti. 

The presence of Bill Clinton, who also served as the president of the United States together with his wife who served as the Secretary of State during Obama’s tenure can be traced back to the 90s. Their interests in Haiti are not a new phenomenon. If not, their interests in Haiti have almost become irrevocably entrenched and have had far-reaching consequences in the lives of ordinary Haitian citizens. 

Their history with the country dates back to 1975 when they had their honeymoon there. If there is an unpopular couple in Haiti, it definitely has to be the Clintons; for they are held in contempt and in despicable terms. What the Clintons did is unforgivable to the Haitians.

The devastating 2010 earthquake left Haiti in tatters. The country’s economy reeled under the biting and excruciating effects of the earthquake. Because of their history with Haiti, the Clintons seized this chance in the interests of “assisting” Haiti in its times of unparalleled difficulty. But their involvement with the earthquake relief programs was the final proof Haitians needed to show that the Clintons’ true intentions with the country were to rob it for their own parochial interests. 

Over 220,000 Killed in Quake

Bill Clinton’s influence in Haiti ranges from the 1990s agricultural policies in Haiti that destroyed the country’s rice industry to the meddling in internal affairs and finally to the earthquake. There is a sense of permanency attached to the Clintons’ name as regards their activities in Haiti, particularly the Clinton Foundation. 

When the earthquake struck, the global response was to send in donations to Haiti. But of course, that needed a commission that would be designed to have an oversight role as regards the disbursement of the various relief packages pouring through. The Clintons stepped up to lead the global response. The Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC) was brought into life and Bill Clinton was selected to be its co-chair. At that time, Hillary Clinton was still the Secretary of State and thus responsible for channeling USAID relief spending to Haiti. 

One could not have found an escape from their influence. Bill Clinton co-chaired the commission alongside Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive. Some $13.3 billion was pledged by international donors so that Haiti could be rebuilt and the lives of Haitians uplifted. 

The IHRC was comprised of two parts: one that had the foreigners and one led by the Haitian Prime Minister. Bill Clinton chaired the foreign part and it had all the donors; they had to the IHRC $0.10 billion over two years or forgive $0.20 billion of Haitian debt. Each and every decision made by the Haiti section of the commission had to be endorsed by the foreign section. And Clinton was at the helm of the foreign part of that commission. 

As the money found its way into the possession of the IHRC, it increasingly became arrogant and opaque. The only thing that came out of the post-earthquake relief plans was the construction of an industrial park called Caracol, which cost $300 million. The US was also amenable to financing a power plant. The belief held by the Clintons and their allies in terms of rebuilding Haiti was premised on employing short-term plans espoused in the foreign aid industry that the US had imposed on Haiti all these years. 

They hoped that Caracol would sizeably attract foreign businesses for the reconstruction of the country’s badly fractured economy. It was the same old policy that did not care about the pertinent issue of creating long-lasting projects that would eventually help the poverty-stricken Haitians. The foreign-aid industry plans are concerned with benefiting the international players, the private contractors

The industrial park is considered a very big flop by the US. Worse still, several hundred farmers were evicted from there in order to make way for the 600-acre park. Too much emphasis was placed on “outside players” instead of the Haitian government to effect change. 

Clinton at Grand Opening

As such, the jobs that Caracol was expected to make fall far below the reality on the ground. The post-earthquake efforts by the Clintons, particularly Caracol, was a damning failure that did nothing to lift the Haitians out of their misery but only lined the pockets of big firms. South Korean textile giant Sae-A Trading Co, which is the main employer at Caracol, gifted the Clinton Foundation with donations between $50,000 and $100,000. 

The IHRC had little to show for all the money that came through except the Caracol industrial park. Not much reconstruction in Haiti was done. Where did all the money go? The Clinton Foundation has refuted claims that it had influence in the running of the IHRC, saying, “Since 2010, the Foundation has worked on the ground in Haiti with a range of partners – helping more than 7,500 farmers lift themselves out of poverty; improving the Haitian environment by planting more than 5 million trees and installing more than 400 KW of clean energy; and supporting women through literacy training and job skills for over 2,000 women,” when responding to the BBC

It has been speculated some of the money that came through the commission found its way towards sponsoring Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign which she lost to the incumbent Donald Trump in 2016 but this is an area she has always been evasive about when probed. They become allegations without proof but to Haitians the more she dodges the question, the more she becomes suspicious and pernicious to the interests of Haitians. 

It is estimated that the IHRC collected over $5.3 billion over two years and $9.9 billion in three years but Haitians still find themselves mired in abject poverty. A US Government Accountability Office report circumvented the issue by deciding not to find any iota of wrongdoing, but the gravity of the failure made them mention that the plans by the IHRC, co-chaired by Bill Clinton, “did not align with the Haitian priorities.” 

The failure by the IHRC to rebuild Haiti is still haunting Haiti. The failed agricultural policies by the US made sure Haiti, a country that produced its own rice, would be reliant on US food to the extent that Haiti imports food from the US. Foreign aid is continuously pumped into Haiti, and no plan is made to bolster the country’s own capacity to rebuild and produce.

 Haiti is still run on which business finds favor with the US, and while the Clintons were in charge of the US, they presided over all these failed policies. It is high time the onus to build Haiti shifts back to the government. 

Haiti 10 years later: What happened to the billions pledged to help the people of Haiti?

ByValerie Helm  Global NewsPosted January 20, 2020 1:42 pm Updated January 20, 2020 3:13 pm

Click to play video: 'How were Canadian donations to Haiti 2010 earthquake relief spent?'
Haiti has received billions of dollars in relief over the years from around the world, after the devastating earthquake of 2010. So how were Canadian donations spent? – Jan 13, 2020

When Haiti was rocked by an earthquake on Jan. 12, 2010, images of despair and damage struck a chord with people around the world.

American journalist Jonathan M. Katz has closely analyzed the money pledged and how much was actually disbursed. He reports the global response totalled US$16.3 billion in pledges for rebuilding and recovery efforts. Other estimates, including from the L.A. Times, pin it at US$13.5 billion. In the month following the earthquake, Canadians donated $220 million to eligible organizations, which was matched by the federal government. From 2010 to 2018, Canada contributed $1.458 billion, which does not include the $220 donated by Canadians.

A small boy sits outside the tent he lives in with his family in Canaan, Haiti, January 2020. (Valerie Laillet)
A small boy sits outside the tent he lives in with his family in Canaan, Haiti, January 2020. (Valerie Laillet).
Photojournalist Barry Donnelly in Canaan, Haiti, Jan. 11, 2020. (Valerie Laillet)
Photojournalist Barry Donnelly in Canaan, Haiti, Jan. 11, 2020. (Valerie Laillet).

“We’re still living in that same moment in that same time,” Guillano Louis, who lives in Port-au-Prince, tells Global News on the streets of the capital.

READ MORE: Haiti 10 years later — Temporary tent city turns into makeshift community for 300,000

In the area of Canaan, a two-hour drive northeast of congested Port-au-Prince, some families still live in tents set up as a temporary measure for displaced residents after the earthquake. A family of seven sleeps in a threadbare tent, without access to running water, electricity or public services such as education. Some of the children were born in these conditions.

A family of seven lives inside this tent in Canaan, Haiti. (Valerie Laillet)
A family of seven lives inside this tent in Canaan, Haiti. (Valerie Laillet).
Canaan, Haiti. Jan. 11, 2020. (Valerie Laillet)
Canaan, Haiti. Jan. 11, 2020. (Valerie Laillet).

With 10 years gone by, there are questions from the international community about the lack of progress.

“The headline should be, ‘We screwed up,’” says Katz, reflecting on the global response.

He explains that the international community didn’t keep its promises.

Katz was inside his home in Haiti when it “buckled along with hundreds of thousands of others.” In his book, The Big Truck That Went By: How the World Came to Save Haiti and Left Behind a Disaster, he claims Canada disbursed $657 million in the 20 months since the quake, but only about two per cent was channelled to the Haitian government.

Global News reached out to Global Affairs Canada for confirmation of the figures provided by Katz. In a statement, the department says it is “unable to confirm this figure, as we are not aware of the methodology that was used to arrive at this amount.”

“Canada’s international assistance to Haiti is channelled through international or Canadian partners whose financial capacity and integrity have been verified,” the statement says.

Haiti 10 years later: What happened to the billions pledged to help the people of Haiti? - image
Haiti 10 years later: What happened to the billions pledged to help the people of Haiti? - image

Katz says there’s the notion that governments should not foolishly give money to countries filled with corruption. The Haitian government is widely accused of corruption, mismanagement and misinformation, right down to the number of people it says died in the earthquake. The government estimates 316,000 people died and 200,000 people were injured, figures many believe to be inflated. The BBC cites a draft report commissioned by the U.S. government that puts the death toll between 46,000 and 85,000. Many news outlets report 220,000 lives were lost.

In Port-au-Prince, many Haitians lament their current situation. A vendor selling patties, who did not want to be identified, told Global News she is fed up with the government’s inaction. She says she never saw any of the food and supplies distributed, and believes the government kept things for itself.

Louis, who works in security and was in Port-au-Prince at the time of the earthquake, echoes that sentiment. He says the earthquake is still fresh in the minds of Haitians.

“There’s been no real progress,” he said.

He believes the Haitian government is to blame and voiced that “someone needs to say something.”

Vendors in Port-au-Prince days before Haiti marks the 10th anniversary of the earthquake. (Courtesy: Barry Donnelly)
Vendors in Port-au-Prince days before Haiti marks the 10th anniversary of the earthquake. (Courtesy: Barry Donnelly).Courtesy: Barry Donnelly.
Guillano Louis walks by a vendor in Port-au-Prince. (Courtesy: Barry Donnelly)
Guillano Louis walks by a vendor in Port-au-Prince. (Courtesy: Barry Donnelly). Courtesy: Barry Donnely

In a statement released on the 10th anniversary of the earthquake, Haitian President Jovenel Moïse said the government still lacks “the basic infrastructure and services to support the people of our country.”

“The initial flurry of attention received from the international community quickly quieted down, with many of the financial pledges not delivered — causing devastating consequences for our recovery,” he said. “Little of the aid that was received ended up in Haitian hands and much of the money that was so generously given was not spent on the right projects and places.”

Katz says there’s a lot of noise about corruption in places like Haiti, but little of the aid is actually going to Haiti. Often, foreign donors choose to give to NGOs due to fears of corruption by the Haitian government.​ But some NGOs are also accused of mismanagement.

In 2015, NPR and ProPublica released their findings into the US$500 million raised by the American Red Cross for relief efforts in Haiti. ProPublica’s headline read: “How the Red Cross Raised Half a Billion Dollars for Haiti ­and Built Six Homes.” According to NPR, their investigation found a number of “poorly managed projects, questionable spending and dubious claims of success.”

Aid for Haiti
FILE – A Brazilian soldier of the MINUSTAH force gives food to Haitian children orphaned by the 2010 earthquake, at an orphanage in Port-au-Prince on March 3, 2013. VANDERLEI ALMEIDA/AFP/Getty Images

Katz explains that foreign aid is “a misnomer.”

“It’s usually not aid and it’s not given to foreign countries,” he said.

Katz says that with Canadian aid agencies, as with other aid agencies, a lot of the funds go to Canadian staff, salaries and travel and that the material is purchased in the donor country. He also says people believe that so much money should have fixed everything, but a lot of the money that was pledged wasn’t delivered.

FILE – This Monday, July 11, 2011, file photo shows silhouettes of UN peacekeepers from Brazil at the airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo)
FILE – This Monday, July 11, 2011, file photo shows silhouettes of UN peacekeepers from Brazil at the airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. (AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo).

NGOs poured into Haiti to assist, but it’s unclear how many have been on the ground. There are varying reports placing the number of NGOs in the country to as low as 3,000 and as high as 20,000. While NGOs play critical roles in providing basic necessities and health services to people facing difficult times, there are questions as to who oversees them.

The Centre for Global Development has been calling for the implementation of national guilds that would set a national mandatory requirement for NGOs to be registered, and possibly include a code of conduct that would keep their missions in line with one another. It also calls for practices such as annual reports and audited financial statements.​

Vocational school in Carrefour, Haiti, built in honour of RCMP Sgt. Mark Gallagher. (Courtesy: Antony Robart)
Vocational school in Carrefour, Haiti, built in honour of RCMP Sgt. Mark Gallagher. (Courtesy: Antony Robart).

Canadians responded in the days, months and years after the earthquake. A vocational school was built in memory of RCMP Sgt. Mark Gallagher, who died in the quake.

Gilles Rivard was the Canadian ambassador to Haiti  from June 2008 to October 2010 and January 2014 to September 2014. He was in the country when the earthquake struck and says Canada had a fantastic team for the mission. He says Canadian teams brought in food, flew out some 6,000 Haitians and built a new road and a new hospital.

“Now people are complaining that this hospital is not functioning well,” Rivard said. He says if the “Haitian government doesn’t send doctors or nurses to take care of the poor people that suffered, there is nothing Canada can do. But we’re criticized for that.”

READ MORE: 10 years after, Michaelle Jean laments flawed response to devastating Haiti quake

FILE – Haitians struggled to rebuild after the earthquake rocked their fragile island in 2010.
FILE – Haitians struggled to rebuild after the earthquake rocked their fragile island in 2010.

Rivard points to issues with UN institutions. He says they “don’t always co-ordinate among themselves.”

“So you can imagine the situation,” he said. “And I think it’s a big problem; the co-ordination and also what we request from the country, the numerous reports, evaluation, audit and so on. They don’t have the capacity to respond.”

READ MORE: Child victims of Haiti earthquake find hope at orphanage with Canadian ties

Rivard says Haiti needs support from Canada and the U.S., who are main donors.

“Canada does a lot,” he said. “The problem is that if you don’t do enough, you’re going to be criticized. And then if you do too much, they’re going to be accused of telling Haitians what to do. That’s the dilemma.”

Rivard says there is a lot of fatigue from countries that are trying to help Haiti.

“You feel that there is no real progress in terms of governance, of economic situation and so on. So that’s that. See, that’s a vicious circle.”

Dorcius Fritzner speaks to Global News journalist Antony Robart (Courtesy: Valerie Laillet).
Dorcius Fritzner speaks to Global News journalist Antony Robart (Courtesy: Valerie Laillet). Courtesy: Barry Donnely

Father of two Dorcius Fritzner makes his living in Haiti’s capital by shuttling people on his motorbike. He told Global News he’s frustrated with the government. Fritzner says resources in Haiti are barren, likening it to a desert. Issues he points to include children not able to attend school, trouble accessing clean water, unemployment and gas shortages.

READ MORE: ‘We’re living that day’ — A decade later, Haitians remember devastating 2010 earthquake

FILE – A demonstrator walks past a burning barricade during anti-government protests in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Feb. 15, 2019.
FILE – A demonstrator walks past a burning barricade during anti-government protests in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Feb. 15, 2019.REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado

Port-au-Prince architect Philippe Léon says the political turmoil and instability has hindered rebuilding efforts. He points to the number of times the government has changed hands; three different presidents and an interim government in the last decade.

“One hundred to 150 years of construction was destroyed, including the presidential palace that was nearly 100 years old,” he said. “It wouldn’t take five to 10 years to rebuild.”

Haiti’s Notre-Dame cathedral is still in ruins 10 years later. (Valerie Laillet)
Haiti’s Notre-Dame cathedral is still in ruins 10 years later. (Valerie Laillet).
Janurary 12, 2020. (Valerie Laillet)
Janurary 12, 2020. (Valerie Laillet).

Still, he says, not much has been done. Léon says a lot of the new construction has been in the private sector and a lot of it is half-built. He points to projects like the Village Lumane Casimir, with 1,500 units. Only about half of the units are built, due to a lack of funds.

Léon says Haitians have been building out of necessity. Instead of waiting for the government, people have been building their homes over time.

READ MORE: Haiti earthquake survivor goes from orphanage to Oklahoma business analyst

More than one million people were displaced by the earthquake. In Canaan, about two hours from the capital, tents were set up to temporarily house displaced residents. But today, some people still live in the very tents that were put up 10 years ago. Others have built homes out of whatever they could find; wood and tin homes cover the mountains. A number of residents have built their homes out of cement blocks. People in Canaan have built a makeshift community with homes out of various materials, schools for those who can afford it, churches and grocery stores.

Léon says the mountains surrounding Port-au-Prince are covered with dwellings, with no roads or order. He says when you fly into or out of Haiti at night, you can see all of the lights emanating from homes, snake roads and lack of organization.

Katz says when it comes to Haiti, people often try to find a single villain. Bill and Hillary Clinton are often singled out. But Katz says “what failed was the system.”

“This should be a wakeup call.”

He says inequality, much more than the earthquake, is responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people.

National police shoot at protesters demanding the resignation of Haitian President Jovenel Moise near the presidential palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Wednesday, Feb. 13, 2019. THE CANADIAN PRESS/AP, Dieu Nalio Chery
National police shoot at protesters demanding the resignation of Haitian President Jovenel Moise near the presidential palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Wednesday, Feb. 13, 2019. THE CANADIAN PRESS/AP, Dieu Nalio Chery. THE CANADIAN PRESS/AP, Dieu Nalio Chery

Over the last year, Léon hasn’t worked on any housing projects due to the political instability and violence in his country. He said there’s no work to be had in new builds. Instead, he’s been working on building fences, steel doors and other measures to make homes impenetrable by rioters. At his office, his windows are covered in wood to fend off rocks and Molotov cocktails.

Léon says the problem with Haiti is that the country is “managing misery.” Poverty, a lack of education and fighting for political power are some of the main issues. He says a lot of things other countries take for granted, Haiti cannot. Everything from water to electricity to roads are systems people have to build themselves, and in challenging circumstances.

Léon believes the development of a country “can only happen through its own people, through people who believe in it and support it.” He says the 10th anniversary of the earthquake is time for a ‘bilan,’ an assessment on the progress so far: “counting the blessings and counting your mistakes.” Léon, who is now in his 60s, says he hopes to see a better Haiti himself.

#BLACKLIVESMATTER CLAPS BACK!! TWITTER, GOOGLE MUST Appear in Court! SUBPOENAED In Criminal Corruption with “COURTEL”!

MEDIA ADVISORY
November 6, 2017,  Oakland, CA:
Contact:
Toussaint LeToure, Editor
Martin Silverman, Chief Correspondent
(510) 394-4701
nowtruth@nowtruth.org;

    We are Forming a Legal Coalition for Victory Over Corruption! and ask your organizations to register/join our coalition at: http://nowtruth.org/forming-a-legal-coalition-for-victory-over-corruption/Please share this proposal with EVERYONE that you think might or should be interested in winning justice and respect for ALL childern, responsile parents and people in general!

TWITTER SUBPOENAED!  CLOSED ACCOUNTS FOR #BLACKLIVESMATTER TWEETS! ENGAGED IN CENSORSHIP AND COVER UP OF CRIMES OF GOV. JERRY BROWN, KAMALA HARRIS, DISTRICT ATTORNEY NANCY O’MALLEY AND OAKLAND CITY ATTORNEY BARBARA PARKER!!

Twitter and Google has been subpoenaed and MUST appear in court Wednesday, November 8, 2017 at 9 am, for closing the accounts ajalil, FirstSSM, Nowtruth1, EXWHYAD, griotz, AMWFND, electionwin, and caecay for tweeting and retweeting posts that disclosed criminal corruption of the “COURTEL- Superior Court CARTEL conceived in sin, born of corruption, protected by guard dogs of Hell!” with Governor Jerry Brown, Senator Kamala Harris, California Judges, California Judicial Council, District Attorney Nancy O’Malley and Oakland City Attorney Barbara Parker!!

You can view and/or download the Subpoena for Google Subpoena To Produce Documents and Depositions here: https://app.box.com/s/k3nflq6e3h4si950z3mkl23kpalbf8y8

You can view and/or download the Subpoena for Twitter To Produce Documents and Depositions here: https://app.box.com/s/vx0ucnc0awfzv0fvzi0fryem34qlgkwz

They opposed the motions ONLY AFTER the replies had been served on them, which makes the oppositions invalid. But worst by offering the lamest excuses to conceal their collusion in the corruption case that involves ALL the parties mentioned above!

Twitter completely lied in their opposition saying they just received the subpoena at the same time they have to reply to the motion to compel, the November 8 hearing date! They received the subpoena on August 8, 2017 and were to have their reply back to us by September 8, 2017!! We have received nothing from them until now.

Google claimed in their opposition to the motion to compel they would have to hire techs just to search their own files for the documents and that research would be too expensive to perform!!! GOOGLE, THE WORLDS LEADER IN SEARCH CAPABILITY AND WORTH OVER $500 BILLION!!! What a joke! They also make reference to the FBI, possible illegal surveillance, data mining and gathering of information on Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, his family, businesses, and communities.

The District Attorney, NAZI NAnZI O’inkMalley filed a completely perjurious document that would indict her, but they “forgot” to sign it! Hummm? They claim they NEVER received the subpoena but have revealed they have 286 page document that was also filed with the court!

The “COURTEL” – the Superior Court Corruption CARTEL, California Judicial Council, and Oakland City Attorney Barbara Parker ALL failed and refused to file ANY opposition to the subpoenas and I am sure they will NOT show up in court. Their motions are below for your pleasure.

You MUST read these motions and oppositions as you will NOT believe them!! 

You can download or view the subpoenas, oppositions and trial notices here:

Motion to Compel Google Subpoena and Request for Production 
https://app.box.com/s/k3nflq6e3h4si950z3mkl23kpalbf8y8

Google Opposition to Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production
https://app.box.com/s/9kxio9lia2tqnvz2nkgg5e4ypqel585b

Motion to Compel O’Malley Subpoena and Request for Production 
https://app.box.com/s/y7xbnead5tf0r4cqqp5xqm2cluh1abob

O’Malley Opposition to Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production
https://app.box.com/s/3ra9yspmu8c3935mwpmfnl40cppo69yh

Twitter Opposition to Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production
https://app.box.com/s/milnerzx4yholsnrh3fxl6romq5pfn6c

Twitter Filed Subpoena and Request for Production.pdf:  
https://app.box.com/s/vx0ucnc0awfzv0fvzi0fryem34qlgkwz


Twitter Filed Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production.pdf
https://app.box.com/s/8ajqihs2l0ba9wahpwjapnx1uil40luq

Some of the tweets to Shaun King, Deray, Uncle Bobby, and many others as follows:

Effectively NONE of their reasons for the alleged “suspension” are applicable and seem to have an agenda established by those opposed to the retweets and mentions!

It seems that their selective Persecution and prosecution is clearly motivated by their attempt to silence and censor us, deny our freedom of speech and cover up the corruption of those mentioned in the posts that is directly supported with THEIR OWN ADMISSIONS and the EVIDENCE thereto!

Twitters demonstrated extreme bias and prejudice is clearly intended to cause harm to those accounts you have selectively chosen to “close” to the benefit of those with something to lose by the publicity of the tweets/retweets!

Superior Court Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production
https://app.box.com/s/7hfxqpida76i13ks5g6dv16t4sje9rbz


Judicial Council Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production 
https://app.box.com/s/dtawn68ghmmq3vfrkvb6ci6eisvt7wmk


City of Oakland Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production 
https://app.box.com/s/hbgemcgmocb6lwsqde8ziiyw9elu5b9x

Subpoena for Twitter To Produce Documents, Meet and Confer, Motion to Compel, Twitter Response, Reply Motion to Compel

You can view and/or download the Subpoena for Twitter To Produce Documents here: https://app.box.com/s/vx0ucnc0awfzv0fvzi0fryem34qlgkwz

ABDUL-JALIL al-HAKIM 
7633 Sunkist Drive 
Oakland, CA 94605 
Tel: (510) 394-4501 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
Defendant 

Alliance Credit/Bank One, T. Miller, 
Plaintiff, 
vs. 
Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, 
Defendant, 

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF ALAMEDA 
Case No.:OCV0574030 
Judicial Council Assignment # 1050144-17 
Hearing Date: November 8, 2017 
Time:9:15AM 
Location: Hayward Hall of Justice  ) 24405 Amador Street 
Hayward, CA 94544 
Department 519 

TO: 
Vijaya Gadde 
General Counsel 
and Custodian of Records for Twitter, Inc. 
c/o Trust and Safety 
795 Folsom Street, Suite 600 
San Francisco, CA 94107 
Fax: 415-222-0922, 415-222-9958 
Vijaya@twitter.comlawenforcement@twitter.com
SeanEdgett@twitter.com, lawenforcement@twitter.com, LeslieBerland@twitter.com, GenelleNg@twitter.com, BenjaminLee@twitter.com, AmyKeating@twitter.com, RobertKaiden@twitter.com, AnthonyNoto@twitter.com, JackDorsey@twitter.com

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM: Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE: August 28, 2017 
NO PAGES: 2+ 89 page 
RE: Twitter Civil Subpoena per Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Request for Production of Documents per Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 Attachments in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Ms. Gadde, 

I am sending you this CIVIL SUBPOENA (DUCES TECUM) for Personal Appearance and Production of Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Things and REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS, SET NO. ONE Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031attached hereto. This is in the matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case#OCV0574030. 

TWITTER is being served pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031) on Responding Party: Custodian of Records for Twitter, Jack Dorsey, Anthony Noto, Vijaya Gadde, Leslie Berland, Robert Kaiden, Genelle Ng, Amy Keating, Benjamin Lee, and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations, et.at. 

YOU are requested to produce for inspection and copying, pursuant to Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031), the DOCUMENTS in the numbered categories. The production shall take place on September 30, 2017, at 9:00 a.m., at 7633 Sunkist Drive, Oakland, California, 94605. 

Ms. Gadde, YOU and the Custodian of Records are NOT required to appear in person if within thirty (30) days from the date of the serving of this request upon you on August 28, 2017, you produce (i) the records described in the “DEFINITIONS” Section as part of this attached affidavit and (ii) a completed declaration of custodian of records in compliance with Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031). (1) Place a copy of the records in an envelope (or other wrapper). Enclose the original declaration of the custodian with the records. Seal the envelope. (2) Attach a copy of this subpoena to the envelope or write on the envelope the case name and number; your name; and the date, time, and place. (3) Place this first envelope in an outer envelope, seal it, and mail it to me at the address herein or email address: ajalil1234@gmail.com. (4) The written response shall be served within thirty (30) days of the service of this request or by September 28, 2017. 

As is YOUR custom, you may provide responsive records in electronic format (i.e., text files that can be opened with any word processing software such as Word or TextEdit) or a searchable portable document file (PDF). 

If any DOCUMENT requested herein was, but no longer is, in YOUR possession, custody, or control, please state whether such DOCUMENT was lost, destroyed or otherwise disposed of, and describe the circumstances and date(s) of such disposition. 

As per the Orders, I am requesting ANY and ALL information you have on this 
settled account to provide to me in this matter ASAP. 

Please call me when the court ordered documents are available so that we can proceed in earnest to a fair resolution of this heinous 20 year matter of Elder Abuse as there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people!! 

Respectfully, 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
510 394-4501

Respond to the Motions for Production of Documents and Subpoena

TO:  Vijaya Gadde 
        General Counsel 
        and Custodian of Records for Twitter, Inc. 
        c/o Trust and Safety 
        795 Folsom Street, Suite 600 
        San Francisco, CA 94107 
        Fax: 415-222-0922, 415-222-9958 
Vijaya@twitter.comlawenforcement@twitter.comkengtaing@twitter.com
Amy@twitter.comBenjamin@twitter.comGenelle@twitter.com, ‘Twitter, Inc. Team’ via Litigation <litigation@twitter.com>

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM:     Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 2, 2017 
NO PAGES:     2 
RE:        Respond to the Motions for Production of Documents and Subpoena, etc., MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Ms. Gadde and Twitter Legal Team: 

    I am in  receipt of an email from “Twitter, Inc. Team” via Litigation <litigation@twitter.com> wherein you wrote: 

    “Dear Mr. al-Hakim: 

     We are in receipt of your legal process, dated August 24, 2017, in this matter. Please provide us with a copy of the complaint by replying directly to this email. 

    Thank you. 

    — 
    Twitter Legal” 

The complaint is NOT necessary to respond to the 89 page CIVIL SUBPOENA (DUCES TECUM) for Personal Appearance and Production of Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Things and REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS, SET NO. ONE served on you in this matter. 

We expect your timely response. 

   “Thank you”. 

Respectfully, 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
510-394-4501

Meet and Confer

TO:  Vijaya Gadde 
        General Counsel 
        and Custodian of Records for Twitter, Inc. 
        c/o Trust and Safety 
        795 Folsom Street, Suite 600 
        San Francisco, CA 94107 
        Fax: 415-222-0922, 415-222-9958 
Vijaya@twitter.comlawenforcement@twitter.comkengtaing@twitter.com
Amy@twitter.comBenjamin@twitter.comGenelle@twitter.com, ‘Twitter, Inc. Team’ via Litigation <litigation@twitter.com>

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM:     Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 4, 2017 
NO PAGES:     2 pages 
RE:        Meet and Confer regarding Subpoena (Duces Tecum) and Request for Production of Documents in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Ms. Gadde, 

    I am the defendant in the above-referenced case. 
    On August 28, 2017, I had served a CIVIL SUBPOENA (DUCES TECUM) in compliance with Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271, for Personal Appearance and Production of Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Things in addition to a formal Request for Production of Documents, Set One, per CCP 2031 via fax and email. You should have provided the documents to us by September 28, 2017. You have failed and refused to comply with the courts order. 
    This letter asks you to please fully comply with and respond to the Subpoena and Request for Production, Set One by October 6, 2017. If I do not receive these responses, I will file a motion in court to obtain compliance and compel the production of the documents, demand the related costs of the motion with all fees and sanctions, request a contempt order and order a bench warrant for the arrest of those responsible as provided by California Code of Civil Procedure § 2031.300 and others. We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 
    If you have any objection, response or reply it should be made in the form of a properly noticed, served, and filed  motion to the court. 
    Please call me when the court ordered documents are available so that we can proceed in earnest to a fair resolution of this heinous 20 year matter of Elder Abuse as there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people!! 

Respectfully, 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
510-394-4501

Motion to Compel

TO:  Vijaya Gadde 
        General Counsel 
        and Custodian of Records for Twitter, Inc. 
        c/o Trust and Safety 
        795 Folsom Street, Suite 600 
        San Francisco, CA 94107 
        Fax: 415-222-0922, 415-222-9958 
Vijaya@twitter.comlawenforcement@twitter.comkengtaing@twitter.com
Amy@twitter.comBenjamin@twitter.comGenelle@twitter.com, ‘Twitter, Inc. Team’ via Litigation <litigation@twitter.com>

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM:     Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 9, 2017 
NO PAGES:     18 pages 
RE:        Defendants Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents for Twitter in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Ms. Gadde, 

    Attached please find Defendants Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents for Twitter. 
    We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
510-394-4501 

Twitter responded to the motion with their Answer to Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents here: https://app.box.com/s/milnerzx4yholsnrh3fxl6romq5pfn6c

Reply Motion to Compel

TO:  Vijaya Gadde 
         General Counsel 
         and Custodian of Records for Twitter, Inc. 
         c/o Trust and Safety 
         795 Folsom Street, Suite 600 
         San Francisco, CA 94107 
         Fax: 415-222-0922, 415-222-9958 
Vijaya@twitter.comlawenforcement@twitter.comkengtaing@twitter.com
Amy@twitter.comBenjamin@twitter.comGenelle@twitter.com, ‘Twitter, Inc. Team’ via Litigation <litigation@twitter.com>

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM:     Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 23, 2017 
NO PAGES:     18 pages 
RE:        Defendants Reply Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents for Twitter in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Ms. Gadde, 

    Attached please find Defendants Reply Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents for Twitter. 
     We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
510-394-4501

************ 
    I electronically caused such document(s) to be transmitted and served on the parties listed herein by transmitting them via .pdf/email to the email address(es) set forth herein and in the email header above. My electronic proof of service email address for the purposes of legal process only is :processlegalserver@gmail.com. PLEASE NOTE YOU CAN NOT REPLY TO THIS EMAIL ADDRESS AS IT IS UNATTENDED. Please respond to the party at their email address. 
    You are All herewith officially served via email the foregoing and/or attached document(s) as described in the following: 

       Defendants Motion to Compel Subpoena and Request for Production of Documents for Twitter. 

Respectfully, 

Nanita Strong 
(BY EMAIL) 

cc: Abdul-Jalil 
510-394-4501 
ajalil1234@gmail.com

Subpoena for Google To Produce Documents, Meet and Confer, Motion to Compel, and Reply Motion to Compel

Subpoena for Google To Produce Documents

You can view and/or download the Google Subpoena here: https://app.box.com/s/k3nflq6e3h4si950z3mkl23kpalbf8y8

ABDUL-JALIL al-HAKIM 
7633 Sunkist Drive 
Oakland, CA 94605 
Tel: (510) 394-4501 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
Defendant 

Alliance Credit/Bank One, T. Miller, 
Plaintiff, 
vs. 
Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, 
Defendant, 

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF ALAMEDA 
Case No.:OCV0574030 
Judicial Council Assignment # 1050144-17 
Hearing Date: November 8, 2017 
Time:9:15AM 
Location: Hayward Hall of Justice  ) 24405 Amador Street 
Hayward, CA 94544 
Department 519 

TO: 
David Drummond 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer 
and Custodian of Records for Google 
Google, Inc. 
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
Fax: 650-249-3429, 650-469-0622, 650-649-2939, 650-618-1806, 650-253-0001, 650-618-1499 
ddrummond@google.com, legal@google.com, uslawenforcement@google.com, legal-support@google.com, lis-global@google.com, JBerlin@google.com, DChiang@google.com, ADanielvarda@google.com, RDuPree@google.com, JHeileson@google.com, THwang@google.com, AItoi@google.com, JMaccoun@google.com, JManson@google.com, VNguy@google.com, AOrion@google.com, TPham@google.com, KRana@google.com, ARao@google.com, PSanger@google.com, thbeaumont@google.com, nshanbhag@google.com, kwalker@google.com, alo@google.com, jimsherwood@google.com

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM: Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE: August 29, 2017 
NO PAGES: 2+ 89 page 
RE: Google Civil Subpoena per Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Request for Production of Documents per Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 Attachments in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Mr. Drummond, 

I am sending you this CIVIL SUBPOENA (DUCES TECUM) for Personal Appearance and Production of Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Things and REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS, SET NO. ONE Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031attached hereto. This is in the matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case#OCV0574030. 

GOOGLE is being served pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031) on Responding Party: Custodian of Records for Google, Joseph Berlin, Darry Chiang, Annabelle Danielvarda, David Drummond, Renee DuPree, Jeffery Heileson, Tina Chia-Chi Hwang, Anna Itoi, Jonathan Manson, Van Nguy, Andrew Orion, Tim Pham, Kulpreet Rana, Anand Rao, Priya Seshachari Sanger, Theresa Beaumont, Nikhil Shanbhag, Kent Walker, Allen Lo, Jim Sherwood, Jeff Donovan, and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations, et.at. 

YOU are requested to produce for inspection and copying, pursuant to Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031), the DOCUMENTS in the numbered categories. The production shall take place on September 30, 2017, at 9:00 a.m., at 7633 Sunkist Drive, Oakland, California, 94605. 

Ms. Drummond, YOU and the Custodian of Records are NOT required to appear in person if within thirty (30) days from the date of the serving of this request upon you on August 28, 2017, you produce (i) the records described in the “DEFINITIONS” Section as part of this attached affidavit and (ii) a completed declaration of custodian of records in compliance with Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271 and Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031). (1) Place a copy of the records in an envelope (or other wrapper). Enclose the original declaration of the custodian with the records. Seal the envelope. (2) Attach a copy of this subpoena to the envelope or write on the envelope the case name and number; your name; and the date, time, and place. (3) Place this first envelope in an outer envelope, seal it, and mail it to me at the address herein or email address: ajalil1234@gmail.com. (4) The written response shall be served within thirty (30) days of the service of this request or by September 28, 2017. 

As is YOUR custom, you may provide responsive records in electronic format (i.e., text files that can be opened with any word processing software such as Word or TextEdit) or a searchable portable document file (PDF). 

If any DOCUMENT requested herein was, but no longer is, in YOUR possession, custody, or control, please state whether such DOCUMENT was lost, destroyed or otherwise disposed of, and describe the circumstances and date(s) of such disposition. 

Please call me when the court ordered documents are available so that we can proceed in earnest to a fair resolution of this heinous 20 year matter of Elder Abuse as there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people!! 

Respectfully, 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
ajalil1234@gmail.com
510 394-4501 

Meet and Confer

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF ALAMEDA 
Case No.:OCV0574030 
Judicial Council Assignment # 1050144-17 
Hearing Date: November 8, 2017 
Time: 9:15AM 
Location: Hayward Hall of Justice 
24405 Amador Street 
Hayward, CA 94544 
Department 511 

TO: 
David Drummond 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer 
and Custodian of Records for Google 
Google, Inc. 
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
Fax: 650-249-3429, 650-469-0622, 650-649-2939, 650-618-1806, 650-253-0001, 650-618-1499 
ddrummond@google.comlegal@google.comuslawenforcement@google.comlegal-support@google.comlis-global@google.com

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM: Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 4, 2017 
NO PAGES:     2 pages 
RE:        Meet and Confer regarding Subpoena (Duces Tecum) and Request for Production of Documents in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Mr. Drummond, 

    I am the defendant in the above-referenced case. 
    On August 28, 2017, I had served a CIVIL SUBPOENA (DUCES TECUM) in compliance with Evidence Code sections 1560, 1561, 1562, and 1271, for Personal Appearance and Production of Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Things in addition to a formal Request for Production of Documents, Set One, per CCP 2031 via fax and email. You should have provided the documents to us by September 28, 2017. You have failed and refused to comply with the courts order. 
    This letter asks you to please fully comply with and respond to the Subpoena and Request for Production, Set One by October 6, 2017. If I do not receive these responses, I will file a motion in court to obtain compliance and compel the production of the documents, demand the related costs of the motion with all fees and sanctions, request a contempt order and order a bench warrant for the arrest of those responsible as provided by California Code of Civil Procedure § 2031.300 and others. We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 
    If you have any objection, response or reply it should be made in the form of a properly noticed, served, and filed  motion to the court. 
    Please call me when the court ordered documents are available so that we can proceed in earnest to a fair resolution of this heinous 20 year matter of Elder Abuse as there is NO place for this in modern society much less in a courtroom before the people!! 

Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF ALAMEDA 
Case No.:OCV0574030 
Judicial Council Assignment # 1050144-17 
Hearing Date: November 8, 2017 
Time: 9:15AM 
Location: Hayward Hall of Justice 
24405 Amador Street 
Hayward, CA 94544 
Department 511 

TO: 
David Drummond 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer 
and Custodian of Records for Google 
Google, Inc. 
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
Fax: 650-249-3429, 650-469-0622, 650-649-2939, 650-618-1806, 650-253-0001, 650-618-1499 
ddrummond@google.comlegal@google.comuslawenforcement@google.comlegal-support@google.comlis-global@google.com

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM: Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 9, 2017 
NO PAGES:     18 pages 
RE:        Defendants Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents on Google in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Mr. Drummond, 

    Attached please find Defendants Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents for Google. 
    We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
510-394-4501

Reply Motion to Compel Request for Production

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF ALAMEDA 
Case No.:OCV0574030 
Judicial Council Assignment # 1050144-17 
Hearing Date: November 8, 2017 
Time: 9:15AM 
Location: Hayward Hall of Justice 
24405 Amador Street 
Hayward, CA 94544 
Department 511 

TO: 
David Drummond 
Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer 
and Custodian of Records for Google 
Google, Inc. 
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway 
Mountain View, CA 94043 
Fax: 650-249-3429, 650-469-0622, 650-649-2939, 650-618-1806, 650-253-0001, 650-618-1499 
ddrummond@google.comlegal@google.comuslawenforcement@google.comlegal-support@google.comlis-global@google.com

Faxed and Emailed 
FROM: Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
DATE:     October 23, 2017 
NO PAGES:     18 pages 
RE:        Defendants Reply Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents on Google in Matter of MILLER VS HAKIM, Case: #OCV0574030 

Dear Mr. Drummond, 

     Attached please find Defendants Reply Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents for Google. 
     We have secured a court date of November 8, 2017, at 9:15 AM, in Department 511 of the Alameda County Superior Court, in Hayward California. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim 
510-394-4501 

************ 
     I electronically caused such document(s) to be transmitted and served on the parties listed herein by transmitting them via .pdf/email to the email address(es) set forth herein and in the email header above. My electronic proof of service email address for the purposes of legal process only is :processlegalserver@gmail.com. PLEASE NOTE YOU CAN NOT REPLY TO THIS EMAIL ADDRESS AS IT IS UNATTENDED. Please respond to the party at their email address. 
     You are All herewith officially served via email the foregoing and/or attached document(s) as described in the following: 

         Defendants Reply Motion to Compel Request for Production of Documents on Google. 

Respectfully, 

Nanita Strong 
(BY EMAIL) 
— 
PROOF OF SERVICE 
This email account is exclusively for the purpose of facilitating the service of legal process in the matter herein addressed. 
I am a citizen of the United States. I live or am employed in the County of Alameda from which this service occurs/originates. I am over the age of 18 years, and not a party to the within cause. I am readily familiar with the normal business practice of depositing electronic correspondence for emailing via the internet within the U.S. 
On the date set forth hereinabove, following ordinary business practice, I caused such document(s) to be transmitted to the parties listed herein by transmitting it via email to the email address(es) set forth in the email Header thereby serving a true copy of the foregoing and/or attached document(s). 
I declare under penalty of Perjury under the laws of the State of California that the above is true and correct. 
Executed via electronic signature on this day hereinabove, at Oakland, California.

290 Page Subpeona Request for Production of Documents and Depositions for Kamala Harris

Vice President Kamala “Kriminal Harass” Harris, the California Attorney General, Alameda County Superior Court Judges, District Attorney, and Department of Child Support Services are ALL involved in Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, Extortion Case of child support payments al-Hakim made in trust to the DA in their fiduciary capacity for the minor al-Hakim children depriving al-Hakim and the minor child of THOUSANDS of DOLLARS paid, then fraudulently and illegally charging al-Hakim with the crime of violating the child support statute for nonpayment!
The decades old conflict between Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim and Family with the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) and the Department of Child Support Service (DCSS) is among the most extensively told in the history of the American judiciary.
They embezzled my the money from al-Hakim’s daughters, one of which is Bari al-Hakim-Williams, who was a Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at FaceBook where she created the Diversity program until she left two years ago in 2018,  whom they tried to frame al-Hakim for it, and persecuted our Family for over 20 years when the Family ALL objected, agreed NOT to pay and refused to pay the stolen funds again. 
Wherein the DA suspended al-Hakim’s drivers license and revoked his passport for over TWENTY YEARS in an effort to force me to pay again, but more so just to put him in the “system” susceptible to ALL possible police, judicial, law enforcement whims of hate induced persecution, harassment, oppression, racism, bigotry, Islamophobia, Xenophobia and retaliation! They did this despite the fact that the District Attorney Bill Kleeman ADMITTED in a letter to the parents apologizing for their crimes, stopped the fraudulent theft of the child support, then doubled down and began stealing the money all over again three years later after the supervising DA died! You can read or download the letter here: https://www.box.com/shared/vny517fknk 
Kamala Harris was working with the DA’s office with all her friends directly involved in this Admitted Embezzlement, Corruption, Fraud, and Extortion Case!
As Attorney General “Kriminal Harass” and the Office of The Attorney General of The State of California substituted in as attorney of record in this case for the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services allegedly “in the interest of justice”. What justice is there in the Attorney General defending, concealing and thereby further complicitly committing the admitted willful and intentional extrinsic fraud upon the court; prosecutorial misconduct; willful and malicious prosecution; misconduct; conflict of interest; obstruction of justice; denial of due process under the law; willful and intentional fabrication and authoring false evidence; misstating and mischaracterizing evidence; misrepresentation and concealment of material facts with knowledge of the truth with the intent to induce the court’s act or reliance; harassment; and intimidation on behalf of District Attorney Nancy O’Malley, former DA Tom Orloff, Maureen Lenahan, Valgeria Harvey, counselors L. Lavagetto, Ms. K. Pendergrass, Ms. Adler, Kris Ferre, and accountant Mr. Lovelady and others unnamed in the DA’s office; various judges and Commissioner Oleon’s abuse of discretion, willful misconduct, conduct prejudicial, illegal ex-parte communications and bias that resulted in error.

Letter from District Attorney ADMITTING EMBEZZLED CHILD SUPPORT FROM al-Hakim

This was done to excuse and protect the Alameda County Department of Child Support Services from their ongoing conflict of interest in their alleging to represent the interest of Joette Hall, whom they had defrauded along with al-Hakim of the funds paid to the DCSS in trust for their minor child Bari.
al-Hakim  received a letter from Marina Soto, California Deputy Attorney General, dated June 1, 2017 regarding his Noticed Request for Documents served on Kamala Harris May 22 and 23, 2017. It was served on the Parties to provide the time to comply with previous Requests made subject to Rule 10.500; Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act; Brown Act- California Public Records Act Request (PRA), and Ethics Complaints.

Here you can view or download al-Hakim’s 290 page Subpeona and Request for Production of Documents served on the California Attorney General Kamal Harris.pdf

https://app.box.com/s/wj6syfdl18rtrucmh1xp48ma1nydr5rd

Here you can view or download al-Hakim’s Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Request for Production of Documents served on the California Attorney General Kamal Harris.pdf

https://app.box.com/s/a5ia5phh9dj8de7gpxfex04cz6uq2e95

Feigning ignorance in the letter, she asks al-Hakim to clarify the request, if under PRA, wherein they will respond accordingly. Every one of you herein has done the exact same thing for years only to have the evidence of crime against you mount to a point of insurmountable!
As a result, al-Hakim clarified the Demand for Production of Documents for each of them therein that has had a previous request made. If there is no compliance in seven (7) days, we will file formal Request for Production of Documents and Depositions on each herein. He would start with Attorney Generals Jerry Brown, Kamala Harris, and Ms. Soto.
On April 7, 2014, we filed and served a FOIA/Brown Act Request on Attorney General Kamala D. Harris, Joan Kirtlan, Stephen Napolillo- Records Co-ordinators, and Custodian of Records.
By letter attached dated April 17, 2014, Brent Orick- Special Agent in Charge- Professional Standards Group, Division of Law Enforcement, acknowledging receipt of our PRA Request on April 7, 2014, therein requesting time to respond by May 1, 2014, in order “to consult with another agency having a substantial interest in the determination of the request or among two or more components of the agency having a substantial subject matter interest therein”. In a separate letter Soto made the same request for an extension of time to comply the very same day! The letter can be read or downloaded at:
AG Harris- Orick FOIA Response
https://app.box.com/s/zcl41lib06z12ninb2dzqlsigl4tpyer
and 
AG Harris- Soto FOIA Response
https://app.box.com/s/7f8u8dr274z6wdskgx40a0auujpw7uf3
Additionally, on May 6, 2014 and July 3, 2014 Orick left voice mail messages for me regarding the Attorney General’s response. The voice mail can be listen to or downloaded at:
May 6, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/kpnvn0lvx74bm8dahsc5vgd2686zfdyd
July 3, 2014  https://app.box.com/s/uexrxsxwjfkpavxdaetwqqk1z1wcev2j
By letter attached dated May 2, 2014, al-Hakim informed both Ms. Soto and Mr. Orick that the FOIA/Brown Act Request filed on April 7, 2014 and their acknowledged receipt from both dated April 17, 2014 that they have both for the Attorney General failed and refused to comply with ANY of the requested information as per the law by providing NO RESPONSE AT ALL. This implies that the original request they both made on April 17, 2014 at the conclusion of the required time to provide the information was totally disingenuous! The letter can be read or downloaded at: 
https://app.box.com/s/vf4tnpxz7mhx9t545d80e6sqhxvuh138
In an attached letter dated May 28, 2014, to Mrs. Harris, Ms. Soto, Mr. Orick and Custodian of Records requesting again that the Attorney General respond to the request, to comply with all relevant deadlines and other obligations set forth in FOIA and the agency’s regulations. 5 U.S.C. § 552, (a)(6)(A)(i); 26 a.F.R. § 601.702(c)(9)(ii). Pursuant to 26 C.F.R. § 601.702(c)(2)(i), I would prefer the responsive records be provided in an electronic format. Attorney General’s March 2009 FOIA memorandum, reiterating President Obama’s directive that in “the face of doubt, openness prevails.” Attorney General, Memorandum for Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies at 1 (March 19, 2009) (Attorney General Memorandum). They have yet to comply or even respond! The letter can be read or downloaded at: https://app.box.com/s/feolyhbt0rchngtugayi5cj8chr9mayj
But as any good politician has done, Harris has actually been involved in stealing child support from Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim’s minor child with an outstanding order! She not only worked in the DA’s office during the time this embezzlement was happening but then represented the Department of Child Support Services and the DA’s office AGAINST al-Hakim. 
Now 25 years later, that minor child that Kriminal Harass embezzled is Bari al-Hakim-Williams.
Bari al-Hakim-Williams has hosted and attended multiple fundraisers for Harris, even held at her home, that was promoted on
“Heyevent.com” 
Host included ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG
Shelton posted:
Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 
Saturday, 14 November 2009, 15:00
 At the Home of Bari and Jaime Williams – Oakland, CA 

Fundraiser – Kamala Harris for CA Attorney General 
Friends,
Please join me at a fundraiser in support of my friend and colleague 

SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT ATTORNEY
&
CANDIDATE FOR CALIFORNIA ATTORNEY GENERAL 2010 KAMALA D. HARRIS 

Saturday, November 14, 2009 3:00 – 5:00 pm 
AT THE HOME OF JAIME & BARI WILLIAMS OAKLAND, CA* 
Hosted by – 
ROBERT L. HARRIS, ESQ., SHONDA SCOTT, DEMETRIUS SHELTON, ESQ., LALITA TADEMY, BARI A. WILLIAMS, ESQ., BARRY LAWSON WILLIAMS, JAIME A. WILLIAMS, HON. JOEL YOUNG 
Guest . . . . . . . . . $250 
If you are unable to attend the event, but would like to support. You can donate online by visiting: http://kamalaharris.org/donate/event/534. Please let me know if you donate via the website so that I can track your contribution. 
Thanks in advance for your support! 
Demetrius
Oddly enough Shelton is involved in the al-Hakim legal action against the City of Oakland in the Case of al-Hakim vs CSAA and Rescue Rooter, et. al. You can hear Demetruis Shelton, President of the National Bar Association and City Attorney employee’s Voicemail “Russo Received Trial Subpoenas!!!”
The Facebook posted article included photos of my daughter, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, whom had her child support, with President Barack and Michelle Obama at the White House and her Facebook employee photo. 
Bari al-Hakim-Williams, was honored for her fine achievements at the White House where she was hosted by President Obama and Michelle Obama, as one of the Nations “40 Under 40” top lawyers by the National Bar Association, among others. She was featured in Black Enterprise Magazine, discussing her plight as a minority and woman of color in a major corporation, in a commanding leadership position over men, lawyers and engineers, and the Diversity Program she founded at FaceBook. Her title there is Legal Counsel, Global Infrastructure & Operations at Facebook where she governs everything that is purchased. She created the Diversity program and talks about it here.

Here you can view or download al-Hakim’s 290 page Subpeona and Request for Production of Documents served on the California Attorney General Kamal Harris.pdf

https://app.box.com/s/wj6syfdl18rtrucmh1xp48ma1nydr5rd

REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS, SET NO. ONE,

pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 2031 (CCP 2031) on Responding Party: Custodian of Records for the Attorney General of California, Attorney General Kamala Harris, and in YOUR capacity as LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE Representing the Public Interest pursuant to Family Code Sections 17406-17407 for District Attorney Nancy E. O’Malley, Director of Child Support Services Matthew A. Brega, Custodian of Records for Alameda County District Attorney, and Custodian of Records for Department of Child Support Services, et.at.

PROPOUNDING PARTY:  Defendant ABDUL-JALIL al-HAKIM, his family members Harun al-Hakim-Miller, Patty Flenory, Jalil Omar al-Hakim, Bari al-Hakim-Williams, Joette al-Hakim-Hall, and their siblings; and the entities Superstar Management, The Genius of Randy Wallace, Inc., the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation, Nowtruth.org, eX-whY Adventures, their real property including but not limited to 7633 Sunkist Drive, Oakland, CA  94605, and all personal property (all herein after referred to as “ALL the Propounders and/or Propounders”)

RESPONDING PARTY: Custodian of Records for the Attorney General of California, Attorney General Kamala Harris and ALL former and current employees, agents, and contractors of the Attorney Generals office including but not limited to Peter Southworth, Robert Wilson, Marina L. Soto, Douglass M. Press, Paul Reynaga, Joan Kirtlan, Stephen Napolillo, Mark Argarin, Evan Westrep, Louis Verdugo, Jr., Richard M. Frank, Kimberly McCrickard, Melissa Weikel, Melissa Nelson, Vinh Ngo and former Attorney General Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown; and in YOUR capacity as LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE Representing the Public Interest pursuant to Family Code Sections 17406-17407 for the Custodian of Records for the Alameda County District Attorney, District Attorney Nancy E. O’Malley, Custodian of Records for the Department of Child Support Services, Director Department of Child Support Services Matthew A. Brega, former District Attorneys John Meehan, Tom Orloff, former DCSS Director Maureen Lenahan, Sue Eadie, Ms. Remelton, Ricca Alcantara, Mrs. Carlilse, Ms. Alder, Terry Simmons-Booker, Valgeria Harvey, Yolanda Smith, Ann Diem, L. Lavagetto, Ms. K. Pendergrass, Kris Ferre, Mr. Lovelady, Karen Campbell, Rock Harmon, Kamala Harris, Charlene Perry, Venus Johnson, Micheal O’Connor, David Stein, Kevin Dunleavy, Boydine Hall, Matt Golde, Bob Connor, Bruce Brock, Towanda Lee, Ms. Carlilse, the Alameda County District Attorney, Department of Child Support Services, Custodian of Records and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations, et.at. (all herein after referred to as “Responding Parties or Responding Party”); and 

Judge Holland declares Kamala Harris Guilt

ALL Related Parties include but are not limited to: The Federal Bureau of Investigation ( FBI); National Security Agency (NSA); the Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Defense Security Service (DSS); Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); U.S. Marshals Service (USMS); Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA); U.S. Secret Service (USSS); U.S. Customs Service; U.S. Department of Motor Vehicles; U.S. Department of Consumer Affairs; U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Department of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice; U.S. Attorney General; U.S. Attorney’s Office; U. S. Federal District Court- including Northern Division; U.S. Department of Insurance;  California State Appeals Court, The California Attorney General; California Department of Corrections; California Department of Justice; California State Franchise Tax Board; California Department of Insurance; California Department of Corporations; California Secretary of State; California State Assembly; California State Senate; California Bureau of Automotive Affairs; California Supreme Court; California Commission on Judicial Performance; California Judges Association; California State Air Resources Board; California Department of Parks and Recreation; California State Board of Equalization; California Department of Child Support Services; California Department of Motor Vehicles; California Department of Consumer Affairs; California Highway Patrol; Alameda County Superior Court, including Appeals court and court administration; Alameda County Grand Jury; Alameda County District Attorney; Alameda County Department of Child Support Services; Alameda County Supervisors; Alameda County Sheriffs; Alameda County Public Health; Alameda County Counsel; Alameda County Administrator; Mayor of Oakland; Oakland City Council; Oakland City Attorney; Oakland City Auditor; Oakland City Administrator; Oakland Police Department; Oakland Public Works; Oakland Public Ethics Commission; Oakland Community and Economic Development Agency; Oakland Building and Permits Department; City of Oakland Department of Parks and Recreation; Mayor of Richmond, Richmond City Attorney; Richmond City Manager; The City of Richmond; Mayor of San Leandro, San Leandro City Manager; San Leandro City Attorney; Mayor of Alameda, Alameda City Attorney; Alameda City Manager; Contra Costa County Superior Court, including Appeals court; Contra Costa County Grand Jury; Contra Costa County District Attorney; Contra Costa County Supervisors; Contra Costa County Sheriffs; Contra Costa County Public Health; Contra Costa County Counsel; Contra Costa County Administrator; Hayward Police Department; East Bay Municipal Utilities District; Pacific Gas & Electric; AT&T; Comcast; Dish Network; former and current Oakland City Attorneys Jane Williams, John Russo, Randy Hall, Jim McIllevahe, Andrea Leal, Sophia Lee, Elizabeth Allen, Eliada Perez, Janie Wong, Barbara Parker, Deborah Walther, Arlette Flores-Medina, and former City Attorneys employee Pat Smith; Stephan Barber and others of the law firm Ropers, Majeski; Ronald J. Cook, Randy Willoughby, Alex Stuart, Bradley Bening and others of the law firm Willoughby, Stuart & Bening; William Jemmott and others of the law firm Wilson Elser; Todd Jones and others of the law firm Archer Norris; Daniel Crowley and others of the law firm Daniel Crowley & Assoc.; Fletcher Alford, Joel K. Liberson and others of the law firm Gordon & Rees; Sean O’Halloran and others of the Crone law firm Rozynko; Anne Brooks Harrigan and others of the law firm Grancell, Lebovitz; Yolanda Jackson and others of the law firm Jackson Alternative Dispute Resolution; the law firm of Caven, Cleaveland, Murray; the law firm of Jackson Harrigan; John Ratto and Dean K. Beyer, of ASU Group (formerly D. L. Glaze); defendants Rescue Rooter and Bay Area Carpet Cleaning; and retired Judges David Lee, Michael Ballachey, Judith Ford, Jacqueline Tabor and Richard Hodge; Kim Colwell, Jayne Williams and others of the law firm Meyers Nave; Appellate Judges Barbara Jones, James Richman, and Henry Needham; Alameda Superior Court Judges Frank Roesch, Barbara J. Miller, Leo Dorado, Robert Freedman, Yolanda Northridge, George Hernandez, Jon Rolefson, C. Don Clay, Winifred Smith, Leo Dorado, Stephen Pulido, Sandra Bean, Sue Alexander, Tara DeSautels, and Commissioners Boydine Hall, Taylor Culver, Glenn Oleon, Thomas Nixon, and E. Hendrickson; Federal Appeals Court Judge Jon Tigar; Ronald M. George of The California Supreme Court; Victoria Henley-Director-Chief Counsel, Yvette Trevino, Bernadette Torivio of The California Judicial Council; Ronald G. Overholt of The California Judges Association; Congressperson Barbara Lee, and staff Anne Taylor, Elaine McKellar, Lauren Riggs, Saundra Andrews, Leslie Littleton; the United States Attorney’s Office- Northern District of California Director HON. Melinda Haag; John Keker, Robert Van Nest, Jon Streeter, Holly Saydah, Joy Scharton and others of the law firm Keker & Van Nest; and ALL their previous and current employees, agents, independent contractors, consultants, representatives, lobbyist, experts, professional organizations, social organizations, charitable organizations, and professional services organizations (all herein after referred to as “ALL Related Parties or Related Parties“).

Here you can view or download al-Hakim’s 290 page Subpeona and Request for Production of Documents served on the California Attorney General Kamal Harris.pdf

https://app.box.com/s/wj6syfdl18rtrucmh1xp48ma1nydr5rd

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim Exemplifies Beauford Delaney’s Masterful Portraits

Beauford Delaney (1901-1979) “Portraitist of the Famous

“Perhaps I should say, flatly, what I believe–that he is a great painter, among the very greatest; but I do know that great art can only be created out of love, and that no greater lover has ever held a brush.”

James Baldwin (1924-1987), writer,
friend of artist Beauford Delaney

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971oil on canvas

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971

Beauford Delaney, hailed as the most important African-American artists of the 20th century, whose life appeared to symbolize the mythical artistic existence of privation and relative obscurity, that show a retrospective of “uninhibited colorist (though never an unintelligent one)” that is “apotheosized” and whose talent and “free, open and outgoing nature” engendered admiration from everyone whom was fortunate enough to encounter him as he was THE darling of the international culture scene in New York and Paris. James Baldwin called him his “spiritual father.”

Remembering THE Greatest artists of the 20th century, the ‘amazing and invariable’ Beauford Delaney, the “Portraitist of the Famous”, who’s masterpieces are trumpeted as cutting-edge work in Black aesthetics, stylistic evolution from representation to pure abstraction, with new and radical theories with his techniques and expression of the politics of Black arts, affording him his very own, singular serious stature among abstract expressionists, transforming the critical landscape into a growing interest in his creation of “Black Abstraction”!

For more than a decade, Delaney showed compelling, vibrant images of energetic life: produced engaging abstract works, portraits, landscapes, and abstractions celebrated for their brilliance and technical complexity with his dramatic stylistic shift from figurative compositions of life to abstract expressionist studies of color and light, powerful works of art and culture, illuminate some of Delaney’s most innovative years and firmly place his work among the dominant art movements of the day.

The fascinating Beauford Delaney is a Modern artist who produced engaging portraits, landscapes, and abstractions celebrated for their brilliance and technical complexity with his dramatic stylistic shift from figurative compositions of New York life to abstract expressionist studies of color and light following his move to Paris in 1953, illuminate some of Delaney’s most innovative years and firmly place his work among the dominant art movements of the day! 

The career of Beauford Delaney (1901-79) was mainly working with Expressionism, Harlem Renaissance who’s first exhibition was New Names In American Art: Recent Contributions To Painting And Sculpture By Negro Artists at The Renaissance Society in Chicago, IL in 1944, and the most recent exhibition was Art Basel Miami Beach 2020 – online viewing only at Art Basel Miami Beach in Miami Beach, FL in 2020. Beauford Delaney is mostly exhibited in United States, but also had exhibitions in Germany, United Kingdom and elsewhere. Delaney has 10 solo shows and 79 group shows over the last 76 years (for more information, see biography). Delaney has also been in 7 art fairs but in no biennials. The most important show was Beauford Delaney: From New York to Paris at Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia, PA in 2005. Other important shows were at The Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis, MN and The Studio Museum in Harlem in New York City, NY. Beauford Delaney has been exhibited with Norman Lewis and Romare Bearden. Beauford Delaney’s art is in 9 museum collections, at France at the Museum of Modern Art , École des Beaux-Arts, Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, NY and The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, IL, featured in Jet and Playboy magazines among others.

Beauford Delaney is ranked among the Top 10 globally, and in United States. Delaney’s best rank was in 1944, the artist’s rank has improved over the last 5 years, with the most dramatic change in 1992. 

Many of its prominent figures, who admiringly looked upon Delaney as their “Shaman” or “Yogi” and fondly referred to him as a “Black Buddha”, were described by his close friend, James Baldwin, as a “cross between Brer Rabbit and St. Francis of Assisi.” 

His list of friends and acquaintances including artists, World Leaders, politicians, activist, authors/poets/writers, intellectuals, filmmakers, promoted by numerous patrons of the arts, world Cultural Ambassadors, art gallery owners, befriended by notable figures, and musicians Stuart Davis — his closest painter compatriot — W.E.B. Du Bois (whose portrait he painted), Salvadore Dalí (whose portrait he painted), Countee Cullen, Louis Armstrong (whose portrait he painted), Duke Ellington (whose portrait he painted), Ethel Waters (whose portraits he painted), W.C. Handy (whose portrait he painted), Henry Miller (who wrote a tribute to him), John F. Kennedy (whose portraits he painted), Robert Kennedy (whose portraits he painted), Jean-Claude Killy (whose portraits he painted), Herb Gentry, Alain Locke, Cy Twombly, Sterling Brown,  Langston Hughes, Georgia O’Keeffe (who drew charcoal and pastel portraits of Delaney in 1943), Augusta Savage, Stuart Davis, John Marin, Pablo Picasso (whose portrait he painted), Richard A. Long (whose portrait he painted), John Koenig (whose portrait he painted), and Claude McKay were connected to Paris in various ways. 

Also significant is the impact of jazz, as exemplified by the avante garde “free jazz” music explosion of Ornettte Coleman, Archie Shepp, Cecil Taylor, Frank Wright, Bobby Few, Bill Dixon, François Cotinaud, Sunny Murray, Barney Wilen, Globe Unity Orchestra, Andrew Hill, Dave Burrell, Anthony Braxton, Leroy Jenkins, Grachan Moncur III, Malachi Favors, Claude Delcloo, Beb Guérin, Kenneth Terroade, Bernard Vitet, Lester Bowie, Jerome Cooper, Joseph Jarman, Joachim Kühn, Steve Lacy, Roscoe Mitchell, Robin Kenyatta, Michel Portal, Irène Aebi, Ronnie Beer, Kent Carter, Dieter Gewissler, Oliver Johnson, Famoudou Don Moye, Alan Shorter, Bernard Vitet, Jouk Minor, Byard Lancaster, Kenneth Terroade, Paul Jeffrey, Ronnie Beer, Sonny Sharrock, Pharoah Sanders, Black Harold, Johnny Dyani, Gary Windo, Rene Augustus, Joseph Déjean, Beb Guérin, Claude Delcoo, Clifford Thornton, Wayne Shorter, Sun Ra and His Intergalactic Research Arkestra, François Tusques, Alan Silva and the Celestrial Communication Orchestra.

Luminaries Josephine Baker, Bob Blackburn, Ed Clark, Bob Thompson, Marian Anderson (whose portrait he painted), Jacob Lawrence, Ella Fitzgerald (whose portrait he painted), Zora Neale Hurston, Alfred Stieglitz, Carl Van Vechten, Edward Steichen, Dorothy Norman, Anaïs Nin, art studio owner Charles Alston, Jackson Pollock, Vassili Pikoula, Henri Chahine (whose portrait he painted), Charlie Parker (whose portrait and music he painted.), James Jones, Jean Genet, Lawrence Calcagno, Cab Calloway, Elaine DeKooning, Palmer C. Hayden (whose portrait he painted), art dealer Darthea Speyer (whose portrait he painted) who had exhibitions of Delaney’s art at Paris’ Galerie Lambert in 1964. Others include artists Charles Boggs, Al Hirschfeld, John Franklin Koenig, Harold Cousins, Herbert Gentry (whose portrait he painted), Ed Clark, and Ellis Wilson, authors James Jones and Henry Miller (who was also a water colorist), Writers Richard Wright, Surrealist poet Stanislas Rodanski, Chester Himes, Ralph Ellison, William Gardner Smith, Richard Gibson, Lorraine Hansberry, Ted Joans, art historian Richard A. Long, and his friend Lynn Stone.

Delaney became close friends with another influential visual artist, Lawrence Calcagno. A white, abstract landscape artist from Northern California, it was an unlikely pairing when the two met in Paris. Yet the two men grew to share a close artistic bond, tied by their shared belief in the spiritual nature of painting and abstraction. They also became close personal friends, writing hundreds of letters to each other over Delaney’s later years, after Calcagno left Paris to return to America. In these letters, Delaney is at his most vulnerable and open, as he felt with a kindred spirit.

His closest lifelong friend, however, was James Baldwin — who, while fleeing a strict father at 16, looked up Delaney in the Village. He later called the artist his “principal witness.” Delaney was a kind of surrogate nurturing father to the writer. Judging by his 1941 Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), a steamy nude portrait of the 16-year-old writer (as well as from subsequent Baldwin portraits over the decades), Delaney seems to have been in love with the lithe young man 22 years his junior.

Indeed, while Delaney had not intended to settle permanently in Europe, he quickly realized he had found there a more hospitable climate in which to pursue his craft. Asked about his experience as an expatriate he replied, “Expatriate? It appears to me that in order to be an expatriate one has to be, in some manner, driven from one’s fatherland, from one’s native land. When I left the United States during the 1950s no such condition was left behind. One must belong before one may then not belong. I belong here in Paris, I am able to realize myself here. I am no expatriate.”

While Paris had in some sense liberated Delaney, there were sorrows he could not escape. “There always seems to be the shadow,” Delaney wrote to a benefactor, “which follows the light.” Although he was referring to the financial difficulties that plagued him throughout his career, the artist could also have been talking about his struggles with mental illness, which manifested as psychotic breaks and ghostly voices in his head, resulting in his confinement to a mental hospital at the end of his life. While Delaney was a mentor to Baldwin during the author’s early years, Baldwin later became Delaney’s protector, assisting him financially and emotionally. For an introduction to an exhibition in Paris in 1964 Baldwin wrote, “Perhaps I am so struck by the light in Beauford’s paintings because he comes from darkness—as I do, as, in fact, we all do.” The vibrant luminosity of Composition 16 is but one example of Delaney’s lifelong quest to find light in that darkness.

Many felt him to be the “Dean of African American Artists Living in Europe.” Although he never fully wanted this distinction most of Delaney’s works were close to being classified as abstract art. Beauford Delaney died in Paris at age 78 on March 26, 1979.

Delaney lived and worked in Paris for many years and much of his work was neglected until a retrospective in 1978 at the Studio Museum in Harlem.  During his absence, the French government, in an effort to collect delinquent accounts, sealed off his apartment and prepared to auction off his products of nearly a forty year career.  Many of his works were stolen and some had to be recovered by European Intelligence, the CIA/FBI. Had the works been sold, dispersed throughout Europe, the neglect may have been irreversible.

The painter Beauford Delaney (Knoxville 1901-1979 Paris) was lost to history for a time. Yet in the mid-twentieth century, Delaney was considered an important artist of his generation.

Following his death, he was praised as a great and neglected painter but, with a few notable exceptions, the neglect continued.

A retrospective of his work at the Studio Museum in Harlem a year before his death did little to revive interest in his work. It was not until the 1988 exhibition Beauford Delaney: From Tennessee to Paris, curated by the French art dealer Philippe Briet at the Philippe Briet Gallery, that Delaney’s work was again exhibited in New York, followed by two retrospectives in the gallery: “Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective [50 Years of Light]” in 1991, and “Beauford Delaney: The New York Years [1929–1953]” in 1994.

Delaney disappeared from collective memory partly due to the racial bias of art history, which, among other things, meant that even while he was celebrated, it was less as a painter equal to his contemporaries than as some kind of Negro seer or spiritual black Buddha wherein he could not escape the long American night of racism. 

“Whatever Happened to Beauford Delaney?”, an article by Eleanor Heartney, appeared in Art in America in response to the 1994 exhibition asking why this once well regarded “artist’s artist” was now virtually unknown to the American art public. “What happened? Is this another case of an over-inflated reputation returning to its true level? Or was Delaney undone by changing fashions which rendered his work unpalatable to succeeding generations? Why did Beauford Delaney so completely disappear from American art history?” The author believed that Delaney’s disappearance from the consciousness of the New York art world was linked to “his move to Paris at a crucial moment in the consolidation of New York’s position as the world’s cultural capital and his work’s irrelevance to the history of American art as it was being written by critics” at the time. The article concludes, “Today [1994] as those histories unravel and are replaced by narratives with a more varied and colorful weave, artists like Delaney can be seen in a new light.”

In 1985 James Baldwin described the impact of Delaney on his life, saying he was “the first living proof, for me, that a black man could be an artist. In a warmer time, a less blasphemous place, he would have been recognized as my Master and I as his Pupil. He became, for me, an example of courage and integrity, humility and passion. An absolute integrity: I saw him shaken many times and I lived to see him broken but I never saw him bow.” Baldwin marveled over Delaney’s ability to emulate such light in his work despite the darkness he was surrounded by for the majority of his life. It is this insight of Delaney’s past, Baldwin believes, that serves as evidence for the true victory Delaney secured. Baldwin admired his keen ability to “lead the inner and the outer eye, directly and inexorably, to a new confrontation with reality.” He further wrote, “Perhaps I should not say, flatly, what I believe – that he is a great painter – among the very greatest; but I do know that great art can only be created out of love, and that no greater lover has ever held a brush.”

His work is sold in galleries for increasingly high prices, and his paintings hang prominently among modernist and postwar works in New York’s Museum of Modern Art [where his yellow Composition 16 (1954-56) was hung next to a work by Mark Rothko], the Smithsonian’s American Art Museum, and the National Portrait Gallery (notably a portrait of Baldwin). The American artist Glenn Ligon curated a 2015 exhibition at the Tate Liverpool titled Glenn Ligon: Encounters and Collisions” that featured two works by Delaney (one a portrait of Baldwin) and put Delaney in the company of the Abstract Expressionists, next to a picture by Franz Kline.

Because his estate has been largely closed to scholars to the present day, and because his reputation waned after his death, critical writing about Delaney is almost nonexistent, even with the flourishing of Baldwin studies across disciplines. 

The Studio Museum of Harlem broke ground with the first major posthumous exhibition of Delaney on US soil with Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective (1979) and included the full text of Baldwin’s previously published essay “Introduction to Exhibition of Beauford Delaney Opening December 4, 1964 at the Gallery Lambert.” There have been other exhibitions of Delaney’s work since 2000 that include Baldwin in minor ways and whose catalogues have provided most of the critical work done recently on Delaney to date: these include Beauford Delaney: Liquid Light: Paris Abstractions 1954-1970, organized by Michael Rosenfeld Gallery in 1999; Beauford Delaney’ at the Sert Gallery of the Harvard University Art Museums;  An Artistic Friendship: Beauford Delaney and Lawrence Calcagno at the Palmer Museum of Art at the Pennsylvania State University in 2001; The Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA; Beauford Delaney: The Color Yellow, organized by the High Museum of Art in 2002 and curated by Richard J. Powell, who contributed a groundbreaking essay about Delaney’s use of color; Beauford Delaney: New York to Paris (2005), organized by the Minneapolis Institute of Art, whose robust catalog features several scholarly essays mentioning James Baldwin; Beauford Delaney: Renaissance of Form and Vibration of Color (2016) at Montparnasse’s Reid Hall and sponsored by Wells International Foundation and Les Amis de Beauford Delaney, along with Columbia Global Centers/Reid Hall Exposition; and Gathering Light: Works by Beauford Delaney (2017) at the Knoxville Museum of Art in Tennessee. Aside from the catalogue essays from these and other exhibitions, the only monograph devoted to Delaney is the 1998 biography by David Leeming, Amazing Grace: A Life of Beauford Delaney (1998). Leeming outlines the broad arc of Delaney’s life and artistic development while emphasizing the contrast between the artist’s vibrant social life and troubled inner life that led to his institutionalization in the late 1970s. It is encouraging to see, however, that references to Delaney are now appearing in cutting-edge work on Black aesthetics, such as Fred Moten’s theoretical work, and in reconstructions of LGBTQIA arts.

While previous Delaney exhibitions and publications have almost exclusively emphasized Delaney’s stylistic evolution from the 1940s to the 1960s, from representation to pure abstraction, as a function of his move from New York to Paris and/or his worsening mental health, the proposed symposium will put Delany into conversation with new and radical theories about the techniques and politics of Black arts, affording him some of the first serious treatment by academic criticism to date. Because of Delaney’s stature among abstract expressionists, the project will contribute to a growing interest in the past ten years concerning “Black Abstraction” in the arts, as evidence by shows at the Michael Rosenfeld Gallery (2014), the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston (2014), Pace Gallery (2016), Anita Shapolsky Gallery and the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C. (2018). It is time to bring Delaney also into the sphere of queer theory, new Black aesthetics, and new theories of Black care that are transforming the critical landscape in academe and in which Baldwin is now frequently found.

But his life ended very much like it began. Even after the fame and notoriety, he was still a poor, black man with many struggles. Just like his art, Delaney’s life was filled with light and darkness. Highs and lows.

If you were to picture a counter-image to help balance that perception in one person, you could hardly do better than Beauford Delaney. He was black, he was gay, he was unpredictable, he was charismatic. He was an intellectual, and he was an artist, in fact a wildly colorful, creative and unpredictable abstract expressionist. He was cosmopolitan, connected to the world beyond, and adored in Paris and New York, where his paintings, some of them famous and very expensive, have been exhibited, even recently. 

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971

oil on Canvas

25 1/2″ x 21 3/8″ / 64.8 x 54.3 cm 

signed verso with Beauford Delaney Estate stamp

PROVENANCE

Beauford Delaney, Paris, France

Estate of Beauford Delaney, Knoxville, TN

Dr. Ravindra Varma Dantuluri, Knoxville, TN

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY

PUBLICATION HISTORY

Beauford Delaney. Paris: Galerie Darthea Speyer, 1973. Exhibition catalogue.

Illustrated in black-and-white in a photograph with the artist in his studio, n.p.

Beauford Delaney: A Retrospective, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY, April 9 – July 2, 1978;

Museum of National Center for Afro-American Artists, Dorchester, MA, October 8 – November 4, 1978

Illustrated in black-and-white in a photograph with the artist in his studio and listed on the checklist as no. 13, n.p. (titled Portrait of a Man)

NOTE

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) exemplifies Beauford Delaney’s masterful portraits in which he uses bold, contrasting color to express an arresting psychological and emotional likeness. With his signature yellow palette and expressive brushstroke, Delaney portrays his friend Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim.

Throughout his career, Beauford Delaney executed modernist and psychologically compelling portraits of friends,  acquaintances and patrons. Portraits of those he knew intimately, tended to be the most compelling and profound. Generally, Delaney’s portrait paintings tend to be modernist, melding representation with abstraction, sharing a strong affinity with the gestural luminous abstractions that dominated Delaney’s oeuvre after 1953. Even after Delaney evolved into an abstract expressionist painter upon his move to France in September 1953, he continued to paint portraits that were much more than straightforward depictions of his sitters. While the composition was defined by the subject, he executed modernist canvases defined by his relatively monochromatic fields of color and distinctive brushwork. Like Delaney’s landscapes, cityscapes and interiors of his Greene Street period of the 1940s and early 1950s, the faces, bodies and backgrounds of his portraits were vehicles for his personal language of abstraction. Art historian Richard J. Powell writes:

“In addition to his artistic commitment to abstraction, experimenting with painted surfaces in oil pigments, and delving into the visual effects and relational possibilities of color, Beauford Delaney was equally bound to an art of portraiture. The genre that first brought Delaney critical notice and a measure of success, portraiture exemplified his genuine love of people – all kinds of people – and his fascination with their outward appearances, personalities, minds, and auras. As seen in almost every early photograph of Delaney – whether in his crowded Greene Street studio or sitting alongside his work at the Annual Washington Square Art Fair – portraits largely defined his as an artist. Yet…portraiture was also a vehicle for sorting out an array of primarily visual issues: concerns of color and form that could easily be coupled with his painting a friend’s likeness or an esteemed individual’s spirit.”*2

Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim recalls meeting Beauford Delaney and sitting for his portrait in Paris in 1971, when al-Hakim was around twenty years old. al-Hakim was born Randy Wallace before converting to Islam and changing his name. 

Beauford Delaney and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim with Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971), Jean Genet with Jean Genet in the upper right and Bobby Kennedy a little lower behind my left shoulder. Above Portrait is his “Little Totem of Light”, ca. 1966

Beauford Delaney and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim with Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971), 1971

Curator Patricia Sue Canterbury writes of Delaney’s portraits of the 1960s:

“Delaney’s portraiture during the 1960s, although often regarded as a departure from the artist’s abstract explorations of light, was actually an extension of the same. As he had reassured viewers at the opening of his solo show at the Galerie Lambert in late 1964, abstraction and portraiture ‘were studies in light revealed – the light that have meaning to the individuals depicted…and the light considered directly as contained…in the abstract paintings.’ As the decade progressed, however, it is clear that any boundaries perceived between the two became increasingly blurred. Solid forms within the portraits dematerialized and the subject and the enveloping atmosphere seemingly shared the same atomic structure.”*2

Powell writes of Delaney’s use of a yellow palette:

“Delaney’s artistic preoccupation with the color yellow is governed by its capacity to illuminate a world in which poverty, inhumanity, lovelessness, mediocrity, and darkness threaten his soul and being. No stranger to assaults on the body and psyche, Delaney sought in his work and throughout his entire life to experience that state of perfect bliss in nature and society, to reach that nearly unattainable note or apogee of emotional discernment in the arts, and to know that ecstatic feeling of an ‘excessive and deliberate joy’ in life. Oddly enough, by placing himself and his audience in his dense and luxurious yellow zone, he realized these grand ambitions.”*3

Beauford Delaney in his studio and Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) can be seen above Delaney

Photograph of Beauford Delaney in his studio as reproduced in the catalogue for the exhibition Beauford Delaney, Galerie Darthea Speyer, Paris, France, February 6 – March 2, 1973; Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim (c.1971) can be seen above Delaney to the right

Portraits by Beauford Delaney are in numerous museum collections including:

The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL;

Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA;

Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA;

Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI;

Knoxville Museum of Art, Knoxville, TN;

Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester, NY;

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY;

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY;

The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC;

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA;

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA;

SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA;

The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY; 

Tennessee State Museum, Nashville, TN;

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA;

Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC;

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY;

Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.

Footnotes:

  *1-Richard J. Powell, “The Color of Ecstasy,” Beauford Delaney: The Color Yellow (Atlanta: The High Museum of Art, 2002), 20-21

 *2-Patricia Sue Canterbury, “Transatlantic Transformations: Beauford Delaney in Paris,” Beauford Delaney: From New York To Paris exh. cat. (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2004), 65

 *3-Powell, 29-30 Powell, 29-30

Harlem Renaissance Modernist Beauford Delaney, GREATEST Artist in African-American Art History

“In another religion they honor people who serve like you with Sainthood!”” – Economics Professor Adeel Malik,Oxford University, England and World Renowned News Expert Commentator, speaking about Abdul-Jalil and the Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation.

“GOD sent me an ANGEL!”” – Hammer, speaking about Abdul-Jalil.
“Jalil, YOU ARE A TZADIK (SAINT)!”– Barry Barkan, Live Oak Institute and

  Ashoka Fellow at Ashoka Foundation:Innovators for the Public

“I thank God for you and for bringing you into my life and for the ministry you have been given to help the people of God!”– Pastor L. J. Jennings, Kingdom Builders Christian Fellowship, speaking about Abdul-Jalil and AMWF

Jalil with of his Rolls Royces
Jalil with 1 of his Rolls Royces
Beauford Delaney’s Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim, c.1971
Beauford Delaney, Self-portrait, 1944
Beauford Delaney, Self-portrait, 1944. Photo: Estate of Beauford Delaney by permission of Derek L. Spratley, Esquire, Court Appointed Administrator; Courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY Beauford Delaney was an American Harlem Renaissance painter known for his colorful Modernist compositions and distinctive approach to figuration. One of the most important African-American artists of the early 20th century, he often painted New York street scenes, lively scenes in jazz clubs, and portraits of prominent black figures like James Baldwin and W.E.B. Du Bois. Can Fire in the Park (1946) is one of his most iconic images, movingly capturing a common occurrence in Depression-era New York life. In addition to his representational work, Delaney also painted abstractly, noting that “the abstraction, ostensibly, is simply for me the penetration of something that is more profound in many ways than the rigidity of a form,” he explained. “A form if it breaths some, if it has some enigma to it, it is also the enigma that is the abstract, I would think.” Born on December 30, 1901 in Knoxville, TN as one of 10 children, he worked as sign-post painter as a teenager before going on to study in Boston at the Massachusetts Normal School, the South Boston School of Art, and the Copley Society. After school, he moved to Harlem in New York, where he befriended fellow artists like Alfred Stieglitz, Stuart Davis, who introduced him to the work of Modernists like Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, and others. He moved to Europe in 1953 but was unable to find the same success he had previously had in New York, and gradually succumbed to alcoholism and mental health problems before his death on March 26, 1979 in Paris, France. Today, Delaney’s works are in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, The Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, among others. Fame, at least lasting fame — the your-work-goes-down-in-history kind, often accompanied by fat royalty payments — is a club that thinks of itself as an unbiased meritocracy, blind to everything but aesthetic innovation and popular success. It’s never quite worked out that way. When we look at the past, we still see generations of great talents who never quite got their due critically or commercially, many of them left relatively unsung. In this ongoing series, our critics pick artists they feel remain underappreciated and tell their stories and sing their praises. “He is amazing … this Beauford,” the novelist Henry Miller wrote of his lifelong friend Beauford Delaney in a 1945 essay that helped make the painter (whom Miller called a “black monarch” capable of making “the great white world … grow smaller”) a legendary attraction in Greenwich Village. So much so that people often gathered outside Delaney’s building at 181 Greene Street, where he lived and worked on the top floor — a walk-up lit only by a wood-burning potbellied stove. Born in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1901, Delaney migrated north to Boston in 1923 to study art, then moved to New York in November 1929, days after the onset of the Great Depression. That first day in New York, he slept on a Union Square bench, where someone stole his shoes. The next morning, he set out on foot, in newly bought shoes, to walk uptown to Harlem. When he reached Central Park, he stopped because of his severely blistered feet.
Abdul-Jalil Portrait by Beauford Delaney, in 1971. Portrait of Jean Genet in backgroud, top right, Kennedy right behind Jalil
Things had never been tougher for American artists — let alone black ones. Art schools didn’t take black artists, and independent-studio classes banned black artists from figure-drawing sessions with white models. Undaunted, Delaney began drawing at a midtown dance studio. Somehow, his career took off almost overnight. Four months after he arrived in New York, an article appeared in the New York Telegraph about portraits Delaney had done of dancers and society figures.

Beauford Delaney

Artist (1901–79) Currently, MoMA has

“Composition 16”

(1954–56) on view, a glowing bioluminescent yellow abstraction kitty-corner across the gallery from that other (until recently) missing modernist, Hilma af Klint. Both are in the company of de Kooning, Kline, and the other giants of mid-century painting. He met and charmed everyone. A list of his friends and acquaintances includes Stuart Davis — his closest painter compatriot — W.E.B. Du Bois (whose portrait he did), Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Jacob Lawrence, Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O’Keeffe (who did a portrait of him), Edward Steichen, Dorothy Norman, Anaïs Nin (who intimidated him), Jackson Pollock, and Jean Genet. His closest lifelong friend, however, was James Baldwin — who, while fleeing a strict father at 16, looked up Delaney in the Village. He later called the artist his “principal witness.” Delaney was a kind of surrogate nurturing father to the writer. Judging by his 1941 Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), a steamy nude portrait of the 16-year-old writer (as well as from subsequent Baldwin portraits over the decades), Delaney seems to have been in love with the lithe young man 22 years his junior. In October 1938, more than a decade before Pollock graced the same pages, Life magazine featured Delaney, picturing him beatifically smiling at the Washington Square Outdoor Art Exhibit. The caption read, “One of the most talented Negro painters.” Yet by the time he died in 1979, Delaney was alone, alcoholic, hallucinating, paranoid, and penniless in a Paris psychiatric hospital. What started as a great American story is now a near absence in the history of American art and an American Dream forestalled.
Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), 1941
A 1941 portrait of James Baldwin by the artist Beauford Delaney. Photo: Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), Dark Rapture (James Baldwin), 1941, oil on Masonite, 34” x 28”, signed; © Estate of Beauford Delaney by permission of Derek L. Spratley, Esquire, Court Appointed Administrator; Courtesy of Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY I love his work — especially his highly colored, optically intense, dense figurative paintings. He is almost an exact contemporary of, and the New York counterpart to, another great painter-portraitist, an artist who captured the power and magic of being poor stylishly, who lived on the margins but eventually came to be recognized as a visionary: Alice Neel. Delaney should be regarded as such as well. Through the 1930s and 1940s, while most American artists were either being fifth-rate Cubists, regionalists, or academics or desperately looking for ways around Picasso via Surrealism, Delaney made his own thoroughly contemporary way. In street and park scenes, still lifes, and portraits, he built upon the work of his good friend Davis, arriving at his own compact, flat fields of creamy, opaque color. His sense of visual, jigsawing geometry and strong, graphic distillation of structure is second only to Davis’s. Delaney’s work, however, has a much more human aura, atmosphere, and arc, almost to a mystical degree, seen only in Marsden Hartley. So why has Delaney been disappeared from collective memory? Partly, it is the racial bias of art history, which, among other things, meant that even while he was celebrated, it was less as a painterly equal to his contemporaries than as some kind of Negro seer or spiritual black Buddha. And in 1953, at the age of 51, Delaney left New York at perhaps the worst possible time. When other American artists, like Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, John Cage, and Merce Cunningham, were meeting and staying up late together (many of them open and uncloseted in their sexuality), Delaney was in Paris, where Baldwin had told him he could escape the long American night of racism. Baldwin was right, but Delaney struggled with French and became even more isolated. Twombly, Baldwin, and Miller returned often to New York, while Delaney never did. So he never got to rejoin the conversation. By the 1960s, Delaney’s abstraction was more connected to the French Art Informel — a primarily European response to Abstract Expressionism — and his paintings, influenced as they were by Monet’s Water Lilies and Turner’s glowing color, had few of the ironic, systemic, direct qualities of Pop Art and minimalism. At a distance, Delaney’s work seemed passé — an artist painting in a void, outside the canon. *This article appears in the January 6, 2020, issue of New York Magazine. Beauford Delaney collection, Sc MG 59, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library Repository Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division Access to materials Some collections held by the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture are held off-site and must be requested in advance. Please check the collection records in

the NYPL’s online catalog

for detailed location information. To request access to materials in the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, please visit:

http://archives.nypl.org/divisions/scm/request_access

Request access to this collection.

Portrait de Jean Genet, Beauford Delaney, 1972
Beauford Delaney was a painter, specializing in portraits. The Beauford Delaney collection consists of correspondence with colleagues, friends, gallery owners, and family members, as well as printed material documenting Delaney’s life in Paris.
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL INFORMATION Beauford Delaney was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, the third child of the Reverend Samuel Delaney and Delia Johnson Delaney. He attended the Knoxville Colored School and later studied art with an elderly Knoxville artist, who encouraged him to get further training. In 1924 Delaney went to Boston where he studied at the Massachusetts Normal School and the South Boston School of Art, and attended evening classes at the Copley Society. Delaney went to New York in 1929, settling at first in Harlem. He painted society women and professional dancers at Billy Pierce’s dancing school on West 46th Street, which gained him a reputation as a portraitist. His first one-man show, which consisted of five pastels and ten charcoal drawings, was at the 135th Street Branch Library of the New York Public Library in 1930. During the same year three of his portraits were included in a group show at the Whitney Studio Galleries, the predecessor of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Delaney also taught part-time at a progressive school in Greenwich Village. By the late 1940s Beauford Delaney had become a significant figure on the art scene. He illustrated “Unsung Americans Sung” (1944), a book of black musical tributes edited by W.C. Handy; he had a series of one-man shows in New York and Washington, D.C.; and he exhibited in group shows in a number of other cities. In 1945 he showed his first series of portraits of writers Henry Miller and James Baldwin, who would become his lifelong friends. In 1949 he began an association with the Roko Gallery in New York, where he exhibited annually until 1953. In 1953 Delaney left New York with the intention of settling in Rome, but a visit to Paris turned into a permanent stay. He had two studios in Paris, the first in the suburbs of Clamart and the other in the Rue Vincingetorix. In Paris Delaney exhibited in one-man and group shows at the Gallerie Paul Fachetti (1960), the Centre Culturel Americain (1961 and 1972), the Galerie Lambert (1964), the Musee Galliera (1967) and the Galerie Darthea Speyer (1973), among other places. The latter was a major showing of a selection of his work from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s and the catalog contained tributes by James Jones, James Baldwin, and Georgia O’Keefe. Delaney also exhibited in England, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and the United States. The Paris years saw the creation of several masterpieces including portraits of singer Marian Anderson and writer Jean Genet. During this period he also created a series of interiors and studies in watercolor. After suffering two nervous breakdowns, Delaney was institutionalized, and died on March 26, 1979 at St. Ann’s Hospital in Paris. Delaney’s last one-man show in the United States was at the Studio Museum in Harlem in 1978, inaugurating that museum’s Black Masters Series. Delaney’s work is in several private collections and in the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The Studio Museum in Harlem, the Newark Museum and the Whitney Museum of American Art. SCOPE AND ARRANGEMENT The Beauford Delaney collection consists of correspondence with colleagues, friends, gallery owners, and family members, as well a printed material documenting Delaney’s life in Paris. Biographical information is provided in statements Delaney authored, articles prepared by others for catalogs, and his obituary. Among the many friends, colleagues and art collectors with whom he maintained an active correspondence is James Baldwin, who wrote an introduction to a catalog for an exhibition of Delaney’s art at Paris’ Galerie Lambert in 1964. Other correspondents include artists Charles Boggs, Al Hirschfeld, John Franklin Koenig, and Ellis Wilson, authors James Jones and Henry Miller (who was also a water colorist), art historian Richard A. Long, and his friend Lynn Stone. Additional artists, painters, writers, gallery owners and musicians who corresponded with Delaney include Lawrence Calcagno, Cab Calloway, Elaine DeKooning, Palmer C. Hayden, and Darthea Speyer. The letters discuss the style of painting of the correspondents, travels, purchase and exhibition of works, and personal matters. Numerous gallery announcements for art exhibits of Delaney’s and other artists’ works in Paris, New York and other cities demonstrate the extent of Delaney’s activities in the contemporary art world. The collection also contains a large number of picture postcards, some sent by friends, and gallery announcements. Family letters are from his brother and fellow artist, Joseph Delaney, and discuss his own work and impressions of Paris; his brother Emery (includes letters Delaney wrote to his brother, in addition to those received); and Delaney’s niece, Imogene.   Beauford Delaney
Jazz Banb 1963

Jazz Banb 1963

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

All the Races, 1970

All the Races, 1970

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request
Bernard Hassell, 1961

Bernard Hassell, 1961

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request

Untitled: Abstract in Red, Blue, Yellow and…, 1956

Untitled: Abstract in Red, Blue, Yellow and…, 1956

Levis Fine Art

Price on Request Beauford Delaney

Untitled, 1956

Levis Fine Art

Price on Request
Mother’s Portrait (aka Portrait of Delia…, 1964

Mother’s Portrait (aka Portrait of Delia…, 1964

Michael Rosenfeld Gallery

Price on Request Beauford Delaney
Composition, 1963

Composition, 1963

Sale Date: February 6, 2021 Auction Closed
Self-portrait, 1964

Self-portrait, 1964

Sale Date: December 8, 2020 Auction Closed Beauford Delaney 
Street Scene, 1968

Street Scene, 1968

Sale Date: December 8, 2020 Auction Closed

SANS TITRE

Sale Date: July 9, 2020 Auction Closed Beauford Delaney 
SANS TITRE – 1960

SANS TITRE – 1960

Sale Date: July 9, 2020 Auction Closed
Composition, 1962

Composition, 1962

Sale Date: December 13, 2019 Auction Closed SOURCE OF ACQUISITION Donated by Daniel Richard in 1988. PROCESSING INFORMATION Compiled by Victor N. Smythe, 1998. Finding aid edited and adapted to digital form by Kay Menick in 2016. Paintings and art catalogs transferred to Art and Artifact Division. Photographs transferred to Photographs and Prints Division. KEY TERMS NAMES SUBJECTS

As President and CEO of Superstar Management since 1971, the first African-American in this field, Abdul-Jalil al-Hakim has a tremendous celebpro_logowealth of experience in all aspects of business and personal management, contract drafting and negotiations, and performed all arbitrations of salary grievances and contract disputes for all professional sports and entertainment clients with unprecedented legal and historical results. He negotiates and drafts all agreements for all publishing, merchandising and licensing; commercial advertisements and product endorsements; corporate sponsorships and affiliations; motion picture, television, radio and personal appearances. He was the first “SUPER AGENT“, CREATED the Profession of Sports/Music/Entertainment Branding, Marketing and Promoting, the African-American in the field and has taught and lectured Entertainment Law for 35 years. Many of the agents and lawyers in the business where instructed, consulted, influenced or inspired by his work….

Made “Law Review” TWICE with UNPRECEDENTED cases establishing NEW LAW; Sports/Music/Entertainment Talk Show Founder, Producer and Host, CSA; Expert and Guest Political/Legal/Business/Sports/Music/Entertainment Analyst and Commentator; Business/Sports/Music/Entertainment Law Lecturor/Presentor; Sports Color Commentator; His “The Stars” show was the FIRST Cable Business/Sports/Music/Entertainment Talk Show in 1973; OpEd Columnist/Journalist; Sports, Music, Entertainment and Variety Film, TV, Concert and Special Events Content Creator/Producer/Developer/Runner/Promoter; Islamic Dawah Lecturor/Presentor; His Computer Intelligence Company First and Only Minority Certified IBM, Apple, Compact, Microsoft Computer Value Added Dealer (1982); Computer Technology Lecturor/Presentor; MWBE Specialist.

A letter from young Devi (Kamala ) Harris to her older self- Vice President Kamala Harris- Saying She Doesn’t Want to be Her (Kamala)!


http://Superstarmanagement.com
http://Ex-Why.com
Aaron & Margaret Wallace Foundation
Abdul-Jalil’s Haas School of Business Profile
Linked In Profile on Abdul-Jalil
Abdul-Jalil on Twitter: @ajalil
Abdul-Jalil on FaceBook
Abdul-Jalil’s “ooVoo” Video Chat Room
AIM, Video Chat Screen Name:  jalil@superstarmanagement.com
Skype Video Chat Screen Contact Name: Superstarmanagement
Portrait of Abdul-Jalil by Artist Buford Delaney in Paris, France
Articles on Abdul-Jalil
: The Man Who Turns Hits Into Million$, One Special CaseESPN Bostock 5th & Jackson TV Special Part 1, and Part 2ESPN Bostock Magazine Special, the “al-Hakim Tax Code Ruling”, Smart Agent, Busy Agent, Dellums for Mayor, Hip Hop’s Islamic Influence, 1979 National BALSA ConferenceOakland Police Officers Arrested for Computer Store Burglaries, Police Found Guilty in Burglaries, Police Officers Sentenced for Burglaries,
Email Abdul-Jalil here


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: TV * RADIO * PRESS * INTERNET *
You can click on any highlighted word to view or download that item

MEDIA ADVISORY

We have received many, many requests to re-post A letter from young Devi (Kamala ) Harris to her older self- Vice President Kamala Harris explaining why young girls and boys look at her and DON’T see themselves, how she (Devi) doesn’t want to be her SEX-for-support,  FREAKISH, IMMORAL, VIRTUELESS older self (Kamala)! #Kamalaisacop; #KamalaHarrisisaPoliticalPornStar, #PoliticalPornStar, #Nowtruth.org, www.Nowtruth.org

A letter from young Devi (Kamala ) Harris to her older self- Vice President Kamala Harris explaining why young girls and boys look at her and DON’T see themselves, how she (Devi) doesn’t want to be her SEX-for-support, FREAKISH, IMMORAL, VIRTUELESS older self (Kamala)!

Dear Older Me………Kamala,

PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE STOP saying ”When I look at young girls and boys, and they look at me, they see themselves, and what they can be.”

The kids in school whisper about you, what their parents and relatives say. The whispers are now taunts of you as a pure politician in the worst moral and ethical way.

Rumors will haunt me of what you did for the right kind of advantage in political circles as “sex-for-support” with appointments to Commissions that paid over $400,000 from the State of California and a NEW BMW worked your way up the ranks of the Democrat Party!

So, why would YOU or ANY other attractive female District Attorney in her Twenties EVER get caught screwing a MARRIED, Senior Citizen in his Sixties AND his wife??!!!

Ask yourself if your Great-Grand Father, Grand Father, Father, Brothers, Uncles, Cousins, Great-Grand Mother, Grand Mother, Mother, Sisters, Aunts, etc., would approve of such behavior?!

Unfortunately, your sexual exploits were well know long before and after your screwing in the Wille Brown threesomes! Your “click” handle as “Cowgirl” says it all!

You see, HOW and the WAY someone gets where they are is MORE IMPORTANT than where the got and what they got out of it! When INTEGRITY and MORALS are tools for barter, THAT person is WORTHLESS, not just WORTH LESS than you value them!!

YOU did it PUBLICLY, and has a very well substantiated REP as a FREAK, referred to then as a “Toss Up”, that now would be referred to as a Hoe, Slut, THOT! They use hashtags #Kamalaisacop; #KamalaHarrisisaPoliticalPornStar, and #PoliticalPornStar to track you!

Too many people KNOW of these things and they are uncontroverted! If ANY MAN did the same thing, he might be considered “a PIMP, the Man!”, but it’s NOT an acceptable path for ANY RESPECTFABLE woman that wants to be considered a LADY, MUCH LESS VICE PRESIDENT!!

Mom is burning in her grave and dad is dying a slow death from your suffocating “daddy issues” playing out on a world stage! 

I DON’T WANNA BE like you, I DON’T WANNA BE YOU! I’M BETTER THAN YOU! I can’t look UP to you, I can’t look UP someone who’s BENEATH me!

Devi Harris

###
Oakland, Ca
Contact:
Nowtruth@Nowtruth.org

Officials Condemn DA O’Malley For Not Pursuing New Charges In Oscar Grant’s Death

OAKLAND (CBS SF) — Two BART directors and an Oakland City Councilmember condemned Alameda County District Attorney Nancy O’Malley Tuesday for deciding not to pursue charges against former BART police officer Anthony Pironein the Jan. 1, 2009 death of Oscar Grant.

BART directors Bevan Dufty and Lateefah Simon and Councilmember Loren Taylor held a Tuesday morning news conference along with Grant’s family to speak out against O’Malley’s decision in the case.

The Oakland City Council and the BART Board are both scheduled to vote this week on resolutions urging O’Malley to reconsider and charge Pirone with felony murder.

“We condemn the decision of the district attorney not to proceed with these charges,” Dufty said. “There is no question that this murder would not have happened without the actions of Officer Tony Pirone. There is simply no question.”

Simon called O’Malley’s decision a failure to do her job.

Nazi Nanzi Oink’Malley

“Nancy O’Malley has failed yet again to do her job and that job was to insure equally justice under the law,” Simon said. “Only through the recently unsealed report we have mentioned here do we know that Officer Pirone was in fact the aggressor when Oscar was murdered. Pirone was found to have lied repeatedly, use unreasonable and unnecessary force.”

A spokesperson for O’Malley said her office did not have any additional response to Tuesday’s news conference beyond its statement Monday.

Taylor said he and fellow council members Carroll Fife, Treva Reid and Nikki Fortunato Bas plan to introduce a resolution at Tuesday’s City Council meeting imploring O’Malley to charge Pirone for his role in the shooting.

“We will never reimagine public safety if bad actors are never held to account for their crimes,” Taylor said.

Grant’s mother, the Rev. Wanda Johnson, argued that O’Malley’s job is not to be impartial toward issues like police brutality that disproportionately affect people of color.

“You have an obligation and a duty to do what is right,” Johnson said in reference to O’Malley. “And because you are failing to do what is right, Oscar’s blood is on your hands, Nancy O’Malley.”

O’Malley’s office issued a 16-page report on Monday that detailed the investigation into Pirone’s action on the night Grant lost his life.

In the report’s conclusion, it stated that the law “makes clear that Anthony Pirone can be guilty of murder only if he personally killed Mr. Grant, or if he aided and abetted the actual killer. In fact, Pirone neither killed nor aided and abetted Mr. Mehserle, who actually killed Mr. Grant.”

The conclusion also noted that the autopsy report on Grant gave no indication that the victim suffered from a head or neck injury that contributed to his death from Pirone placing a knee on Grant’s neck prior to the fatal shooting by Mehserle.

Grant died early New Year’s Day 2009 after being shot in the back while laying on his stomach on the BART Fruitvale Station platform. Only former officer Johannes Mehserle has been charged in connection to his death.

Mehserle was tried and convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2010. A judge sentenced Mehserle to two years in jail minus time served, and Mehserle was paroled after 11 months.

O’Malley and other representatives from her office met with the Grant family on Monday to discuss the conclusions of the investigation.

Grant’s family has been calling for Pirone to be charged after a report from an internal affairs investigation was unsealed in 2019.

The report claimed that Pirone’s actions were “aggressive and unreasonable” and noted that he used a racial epithet against Grant when he was being detained. Pirone also at one point knelt on Grant’s neck as the officers struggled with him on the BART platform.

Attorneys for the Grant family had asked O’Malley to file felony murder charges against Pirone. With the passing of California Senate Bill 1437 in 2018, defendants can be charged with felony murder for aiding and abetting a killing.

Grant’s family on Monday maintained its position that Mehserle would never have been in a position to fire the fatal shot in the first place had it not been for Pirone.

“I’m not asking for different than what our US Constitution says or what our laws say,” said Grant’s mother, the Rev. Wanda Johnson on Monday. “I’m asking for him to be charged for his actions leading up to my son’s death. If it was myself who had done those things, I would definitely be in jail or prison.”

IN MEMORIAM: Mama- I CAN'T BREATHE, Blacks Killed by Police from 1968 – 2020

RENÉE ATER

Public Scholar

IN MEMORIAM: I CAN’T BREATHE

May 29, 2020

I am angry. I am anguished. I am heartbroken.

I am hallowed out.

I am sick and tired of police needlessly killing black and brown people. Some police still see black men as threats, to brutalize, to contain, to remand. They have stereotyped our grandfathers, fathers, husbands, sons, and nephews, as monsters, subject to violence and death. They have killed our grandmothers, mothers, wives,

daughters, and nieces. Every time I watch the video of George Floyd’s death, my heart weeps. Who in their right mind, kneels on another human’s neck and ignores desperate pleas of “I Can’t Breathe”? Where is the humanity of these white police officers? Policing should not be predicated on brutal force and a complete disdain for black life. White supremacy has no place in the criminal justice system, in government, in the White House, in the United States. Black lives matter every second, every minute, every hour, every day.

IN MEMORIAM                   

The universe shrank 

when you went away.

Every time I thought your name,

stars fell upon me. 

— Henry Dumas (poet, social activist, teacher)

Andre Maurice Hill, May 23, 1973 – December 22, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 22, 2020, Columbus Police Officer

Casey Christopher Goodson Jr., January 30, 1997 – December 4, 2020

Columbus, Ohio

Shot: December 4, 2020, Franklin County Sheriff Deputy 

Angelo “AJ” Crooms, May 15, 2004 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Sincere Pierce, April 2, 2002 – November 13, 2020

Cocoa, Florida

Shot: November 13, 2020, Brevard County Sheriff Deputies

Marcellis Stinnette, June 17, 2001 – October 20, 2020

Waukegan, Illinois

Shot: October 20, 2020, Waukegan Police Officer

Jonathan Dwayne Price, November 3, 1988 – October 3, 2020

Wolfe City, Texas

Tasered/Shot: October 3, 2020, Wolfe City Police Officer

Dijon Durand Kizzee, February 5, 1991 – August 31, 2020
Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 21, 2020, Los Angeles County Police

Rayshard Brooks, January 31, 1993 – June 12, 2020
Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: June 12, 2020, Atlanta Police Officer

Carlos Carson, May 16, 1984 – June 6, 2020
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Pepper Sprayed/Shot in Head: June 6, 2020, Knights Inn Tulsa Armed Security Guard, former sergeant and detention officer with the Tulsa County Sheriff’s Office

David McAtee, August 3, 1966 – June 1, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: June 1, 2020, Louisville Metropolitan Police Officer

Tony “Tony the TIger” McDade, 1982 – May 27, 2020
Tallahassee, Florida

Shot: May 27, 2020, Tallahassee Police Officers

George Perry Floyd, October 14, 1973 – May 25, 2020

Powderhorn, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Knee on neck/Asphyxiated: May 25, 2020, Minneapolis Police Officer 

Dreasjon “Sean” Reed, 1999 – May 6, 2020

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: May 6, 2020, Unidentified Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officer

Michael Brent Charles Ramos, January 1, 1978 – April 24, 2020

Austin, Texas

Shot: April 24, 2020, Austin Police Detectives

Daniel T. Prude, September 20, 1978 – March 30, 2020

Rochester, New York

Asphyxiation: March 23, 2020, Rochester Police Officers

Breonna Taylor, June 5, 1993 – March 13, 2020

Louisville, Kentucky

Shot: March 13, 2020, Louisville Metro Police Officers 

Manuel “Mannie” Elijah Ellis, August 28, 1986 – March 3, 2020

Tacoma, Washington

Physical restraint/Hypoxia: March 3, 2020, Tacoma Police Officers

William Howard Green, March 16, 1976 – January 27, 2020

Temple Hills, Maryland

Shot: January 27, 2020, Prince George’s County Police Officer

John Elliot Neville, 1962 – December 4, 2019

Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Asphyxiated (hog-tied in prone position)/Heart Attack/Brain Injury: December 2, 2019, Forsyth County Sheriff Officers 

Atatiana Koquice Jefferson, November 28, 1990 – October 12, 2019

Fort Worth, Texas

Shot: October 12, 2019, Fort Worth Police Officer 

Elijah McClain, February 25, 1996 – August 30, 2019
Aurora, Colorado

Chokehold/Ketamine/Heart Attack: August 24, 2019, Aurora Police Officers and Paramedic

Ronald Greene, September 28, 1969 – May 10, 2019

Monroe, Louisiana

Stun gun/Force: May 10, 2019, Louisiana State Police

Javier Ambler, October 7, 1978 – March 28, 2019
Austin, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 28, 2019, Williamson County Sheriff Deputy

Sterling Lapree Higgins, October 27, 1981 – March 25, 2019
Union City, Tennessee

Choke hold/Asphyxiation: March 24-25, 2019, Union City Police Officer and Obion County Sheriff Deputies

Gregory Lloyd Edwards, September 23, 1980 – December 10, 2018

Brevard County Jail, Cocoa, Florida

Kneed, Punched, Pepper Sprayed, Tasered, and Strapped into a restraint chair with a spit hood over his head/Failure to Provide Medical Care: December 9, 2019, Brevard County Sheriffs

Emantic “EJ” Fitzgerald Bradford Jr., June 18, 1997 – November 22, 2018

Hoover, Alabama

Shot: November 22, 2018, Unidentified Hoover Police Officers

Charles “Chop” Roundtree Jr., September 5, 2000 – October 17, 2018

San Antonio, Texas

Shot: October 17, 2018, San Antonio Police Officer 

Chinedu Okobi, February 13, 1982 – October 3, 2018

Millbrae, California

Tasered/Electrocuted: October 3, 2018, San Mateo County Sheriff Sergeant and Sheriff Deputies 

Anton Milbert LaRue Black, October 18, 1998 – September 15, 2018

Greensboro, Maryland

Tasered/Sudden Cardiac Arrest: September 15, 2018, Greensboro Police Officers

Botham Shem Jean, September 29, 1991 – September 6, 2018

Dallas, Texas

Shot: September 6, 2018, Dallas Police Officer 

Antwon Rose Jr., July 12, 2000 – June 19, 2018

East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Shot: June 19, 2018, East Pittsburgh Police Officer 

Saheed Vassell, December 22, 1983 – April 4, 2018

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: April 4, 2018, Four Unnamed New York City Police Officers

Stephon Alonzo Clark, August 10, 1995 – March 18, 2018

Sacramento, California

Shot: March 18, 2018, Sacramento Police Officers 

Dennis Plowden Jr., 1992 – December 28, 2017

East Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shot: December 27, 2017, Philadelphia Police Officer

Bijan Ghaisar, September 4, 1992 – November 27, 2017

George Washington Memorial Parkway, Alexandria, Virginia

Shot: November 17, 2017, U.S. Park Police Officers   

Aaron Bailey, 1972 – June 29, 2017

Indianapolis, Indiana

Shot: June 29, 2017, Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Officers 

Charleena Chavon Lyles, April 24, 1987 – June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Fetus of Charleena Chavon Lyles (14-15 weeks), June 18, 2017 

Seattle, Washington

Shot: June 18, 2017, Seattle Police Officers

Jordan Edwards, October 25, 2001 – April 29, 2017

Balch Springs, Texas

Shot: April 29, 2017, Balch Springs Officer 

Chad Robertson, 1992 – February 15, 2017

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: February 8, 2017, Chicago Police Officer 

Deborah Danner, September 25, 1950 – October 18, 2016

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 18, 2016, New York City Police Officers

Alfred Olango, July 29, 1978 – September 27, 2016

El Cajon, California

Shot: September 27, 2016, El Cajon Police Officers 

Terence Crutcher, August 16, 1976 – September 16, 2016

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: September 16, 2016, Tulsa Police Officer 

Terrence LeDell Sterling, July 31, 1985 – September 11, 2016

Washington, DC

Shot: September 11, 2016, Washington Metropolitan Police Officer 

Korryn Gaines, August 24, 1993 – August 1, 2016

Randallstown, Maryland

Shot: August 1, 2016, Baltimore County Police

Joseph Curtis Mann, 1966 – July 11, 2016

Sacramento, California

Shot: July 11, 2016, Sacramento Police Officers 

Philando Castile, July 16, 1983 – July 6, 2016

Falcon Heights, Minnesota

Shot: July 6, 2016, St. Anthony Police Officer 

Alton Sterling, June 14, 1979 – July 5, 2016

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Shot: July 5, 2016, Baton Rouge Police Officers 

Bettie “Betty Boo” Jones, 1960 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Quintonio LeGrier, April 29, 1996 – December 26, 2015

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 26, 2015, Chicago Police Officer 

Corey Lamar Jones, February 3, 1984 – October 18, 2015

Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Shot: October 18, 2015, Palm Beach Gardens Police Officer 

Jamar O’Neal Clark, May 3, 1991 – November 16, 2015

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Shot: November 15, 2015, Minneapolis Police Officers 

Jeremy “Bam Bam” McDole, 1987 – September 23, 2015

Wilmington, Delaware

Shot: September 23, 2015, Wilmington Police Officers 

India Kager, June 9, 1988 – September 5, 2015

Virginia Beach, Virginia 

Shot: September 5, 2015, Virginia Beach Police Officers

Samuel Vincent DuBose, March 12, 1972 – July 19, 2015

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: July 19, 2015, University of Cincinnati Police Officer 

Sandra Bland, February 7, 1987 – July 13, 2015

Waller County, Texas

Excessive Force/Wrongful Death/Suicide (?): July 10, 2015, Texas State Trooper

Brendon K. Glenn, 1986 – May 5, 2015

Venice, California

Shot: May 5, 2015, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., August 16, 1989 – April 19, 2015

Baltimore, Maryland

Brute Force/Spinal Injuries: April 12, 2015, Baltimore City Police Officers 

Walter Lamar Scott, February 9, 1965 – April 4, 2015

North Charleston, South Carolina

Shot: April 4, 2015, North Charleston Police Officer 

Eric Courtney Harris, October 10, 1971 – April 2, 2015

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Shot: April 2, 2015, Tulsa County Reserve Deputy 

Phillip Gregory White, 1982 – March 31, 2015

Vineland, New Jersey

K-9 Mauling/Respiratory distress: March 31, 2015, Vineland Police Officers

Mya Shawatza Hall, December 5, 1987 – March 30, 2015

Fort Meade, Maryland

Shot: March 30, 2015, National Security Agency Police Officers

Meagan Hockaday, August 27, 1988 – March 28, 2015

Oxnard, California

Shot: March 28, 2015, Oxnard Police Officer

Tony Terrell Robinson, Jr., October 18, 1995 – March 6, 2015

Madison, Wisconsin

Shot: March 6, 2015, Madison Police Officer 

Janisha Fonville, March 3, 1994 – February 18 2015

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: February 18, 2015, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Officer

Natasha McKenna, January 9, 1978 – February 8, 2015

Fairfax County, Virginia

Tasered/Cardiac Arrest: February 3, 2015, Fairfax County Sheriff Deputies

Jerame C. Reid, June 8, 1978 – December 30, 2014

Bridgeton, New Jersey

Shot: December 30, 2014, Bridgeton Police Officer 

Rumain Brisbon, November 24, 1980 – December 2, 2014

Phoenix, Arizona

Shot: December 2, 2014,  Phoenix Police Officer 

Tamir Rice, June 15, 2002 – November 22, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Shot: November 22, 2014, Cleveland Police Officer 

Akai Kareem Gurley, November 12, 1986 – November 20, 2014

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: November 20, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Tanisha N. Anderson, January 22, 1977 – November 13, 2014

Cleveland, Ohio

Physically Restrained/Brute Force: November 13, 2014, Cleveland Police Officers

Dante Parker, August 14, 1977 – August 12, 2014

Victorville, California

Tasered/Excessive Force: August 12, 2014, San Bernardino County Sheriff Deputies

Ezell Ford, October 14, 1988 – August 11, 2014

Florence, Los Angeles, California

Shot: August 11, 2014, Los Angeles Police Officers

Michael Brown Jr., May 20, 1996 – August 9, 2014

Ferguson, Missouri

Shot: August 9, 2014, Ferguson Police Officer 

John Crawford III, July 29, 1992 – August 5, 2014

Beavercreek, Ohio

Shot: August 5, 2014, Beavercreek Police Officer 

Tyree Woodson, July 8, 1976 – August 2, 2014

Baltimore, Maryland

Shot: August 2, 2014, Baltimore City Police Officer

Eric Garner, September 15, 1970 – July 17, 2014

Staten Island, New York

Choke hold/Suffocated: July 17, 2014, New York City Police Officer 

Dontre Hamilton, January 20, 1983 – April 30, 2014

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Shot: April 30, 2014, Milwaukee Police Officer 

Victor White III, September 11, 1991 – March 3, 2014

New Iberia, Louisiana

Shot: March 2, 2014, Iberia Parish Sheriff Deputy

Gabriella Monique Nevarez, November 25, 1991 – March 2, 2014

Citrus Heights, California

Shot: March 2, 2014, Citrus Heights Police Officers

Yvette Smith, December 18, 1966 – February 16, 2014

Bastrop County, Texas

Shot: February 16, 2014, Bastrop County Sheriff Deputy

McKenzie J. Cochran, August 25, 1988 – January 29, 2014

Southfield, Michigan

Pepper Sprayed/Compression Asphyxiation: January 28, 2014, Northland Mall Security Guards

Jordan Baker, 1988 – January 16, 2014

Houston, Texas

Shot: January 16, 2014, Off-duty Houston Police Officer

Andy Lopez, June 2, 2000 – October 22, 2013

Santa Rosa, California

Shot: October 22, 2013, Sonoma County Sheriff Deputy

Miriam Iris Carey, August 12, 1979 – October 3, 2013

Washington, DC

Shot 26 times: October 3, 2013, U. S. Secret Service Officer

Barrington “BJ” Williams, 1988 – September 17, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Disdain/Asthma Attack: September 17, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Jonathan Ferrell, October 11, 1989 – September 14, 2013

Charlotte, North Carolina

Shot: September 14, 2013, Charlotte-Mecklenburg  Police Officer 

Carlos Alcis, 1970 – August 15, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City

Heart Attack/Neglect: August 15, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Larry Eugene Jackson Jr., November 29, 1980 – July 26, 2013

Austin, Texas

Shot: July 26, 2013, Austin Police Detective 

Kyam Livingston, July 29, 1975 – July 21, 2013

New York City, New York

Neglect/Ignored pleas for help: July 20-21, 2013, New York City Police Officers

Clinton R. Allen, September 26, 1987 – March 10, 2013

Dallas, Texas

Tasered and Shot: March 10, 2013, Dallas Police Officer

Kimani “KiKi” Gray, October 19, 1996 – March 9, 2013

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: March 9, 2013, New York Police Officers

Kayla Moore, April 17, 1971 – February 13, 2013

Berkeley, California

Restrained face-down prone: February 12, 2013, Berkeley Police Officers

Jamaal Moore Sr., 1989 – December 15, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: December 15, 2012, Chicago Police Officer 

Johnnie Kamahi Warren, February 26, 1968 – February 13, 2012

Dothan, Alabama

Tasered/Electrocuted: December 10, 2012, Houston County (AL) Sheriff Deputy

Shelly Marie Frey, April 21, 1985 – December 6, 2012

Houston, Texas

Shot: December 6, 2012, Off-duty Harris County Sheriff’s Deputy 

Darnisha Diana Harris, December 11, 1996 – December 2, 2012

Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

Shot: December 2, 2012, Breaux Bridge Police Office

Timothy Russell, December 9. 1968 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 23 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Malissa Williams, June 20, 1982 – November 29, 2012

Cleveland, Ohio

137 Rounds/Shot 24 times: November 29, 2012, Cleveland Police Officers 

Noel Palanco, November 28, 1989 – October 4, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: October 4, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Reynaldo Cuevas, January 6, 1992 – September 7, 2012

Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: September 7, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Chavis Carter, 1991 – July 28, 2012

Jonesboro, Arkansas

Shot: July 28, 2012, Jonesboro Police Officer

Alesia Thomas, June 1, 1977 – July 22, 2012

Los Angeles, California

Brutal Force/Beaten: July 22, 2012, Los Angeles Police Officers

Shantel Davis, May 26, 1989 – June 14, 2012

New York City, New York

Shot: June 14, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Sharmel T. Edwards, October 10, 1962 – April 21, 2012

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: April 21, 2012, Las Vegas Police Officers 

Tamon Robinson, December 21, 1985 – April 18, 2012

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Run over by police car: April 12, 2012, New York City Police Officers

Ervin Lee Jefferson, III, 1994 – March 24, 2012

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: March 24, 2012, Shepperson Security & Escort Services Security Guards

Kendrec McDade, May 5, 1992 – March 24, 2012

Pasadena, California

Shot: March 24, 2012, Pasadena Police Officers 

Rekia Boyd, November 5, 1989 – March 21, 2012

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: March 21, 2012, Off-duty Chicago Police Detective 

Shereese Francis, 1982 – March 15, 2012

Queens, New York City, New York

Suffocated to death: March 15, 2012,  New York City Police Officers

Jersey K. Green, June 17, 1974 – March 12, 2012

Aurora, Illinois

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 12, 2012, Aurora Police Officers

Wendell James Allen, December 19, 1991 – March 7, 2012

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot:  March 7, 2012, New Orleans Police Officer

Nehemiah Lazar Dillard, July 29, 1982 – March 5, 2012

Gainesville, Florida

Tasered/Electrocuted: March 5, 2012, Alachua County Sheriff Deputies

Dante’ Lamar Price, July 18, 1986 – March 1, 2012

Dayton, Ohio

Shot: March 1, 2012, Ranger Security Guards

Raymond Luther Allen Jr., 1978 – February 29, 2012

Galveston, Texas

Tasered/Electrocuted: February 27, 2012, Galveston Police Officers

Manual Levi Loggins Jr., February 22, 1980 – February 7, 2012

San Clemente, Orange County, California

Shot: February 7, 2012, Orange County Sheriff Deputy 

Ramarley Graham, April 12, 1993 – February 2, 2012

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 2, 2012, New York City Police Officer 

Kenneth Chamberlain Sr., April 12, 1943 – November 19, 2011

White Plains, New York

Tasered/Electrocuted/Shot: November 19, 2011, White Plains Police Officers

Alonzo Ashley, June 10, 1982 – July 18, 2011

Denver, Colorado

Tasered/Electrocuted: July 18, 2011, Denver Police Officers 

Derek Williams, January 23, 1989 – July 6, 2011

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Blunt Force/Respiratory distress: July 6, 2011, Milwaukee Police Officers

Raheim Brown, Jr., March 4, 1990 – January 22, 2011

Oakland, California

Shot: January 22, 2011, Oakland Unified School District Police

Reginald Doucet, June 3, 1985 – January 14, 2011

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 14, 2011, Los Angeles Police Officer 

Derrick Jones, September 30, 1973 – November 8, 2010

Oakland, California

Shot: November 8, 2010, Oakland Police Officers 

Danroy “DJ” Henry Jr., October 29, 1990 – October 17, 2010

Pleasantville, New York

Shot: October 17, 2020, Pleasantville Police Officer 

Aiyana Mo’Nay Stanley-Jones, July 20, 2002 – May 16, 2010

Detroit, Michigan

Shot: May 16, 2010, Detroit Police Officer 

Steven Eugene Washington, September 20, 1982 – March 20, 2010

Los Angeles, California

Shot: March 20, 2010, Los Angeles County Police

Aaron Campbell, September 7, 1984 – January 29, 2010

Portland, Oregon

Shot: January 29, 2010, Portland Police Officer 

Kiwane Carrington, July 14, 1994 – October 9, 2009

Champaign, Illinois

Shot: October 9, 2019, Champaign Police Officer 

Victor Steen, November 11, 1991 – October 3, 2009

Pensacola, Florida

Tasered/Run over: October 3, 2009, Pensacola Police Officer 

Shem Walker,  March 18, 1960 – July 11, 2009

Brooklyn, New York

Shot: July 11, 2009, New York City Undercover C-94 Police Officer

Oscar Grant III, February 27, 1986 – January 1, 2009

Oakland, California

Shot: January 1, 2009, BART Police Officer 

Tarika Wilson, October 30, 1981 – January 4, 2008

Lima, Ohio

Shot January 4, 2008, Lima Police Officer 

DeAunta Terrel Farrow, September 7, 1994 – June 22, 2007

West Memphis, Arkansas

Shot: June 22, 2007, West Memphis (AR) Police Officer 

Sean Bell, May 23, 1983 – November 25, 2006

Queens, New York City, New York

Shot: November 25, 2006, New York City Police Officers 

Kathryn Johnston, June 26, 1914 – November 21, 2006

Atlanta, Georgia

Shot: November 21, 2006, Undercover Atlanta Police Officers

Ronald Curtis Madison, March 1, 1965 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

James B. Brissette Jr., November 6, 1987 – September 4, 2005

Danziger Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 4, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Henry “Ace” Glover, October 2, 1973 – September 2, 2005

New Orleans, Louisiana

Shot: September 2, 2005, New Orleans Police Officers 

Timothy Stansbury, Jr., November 16, 1984 – January 24, 2004

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: January 24, 2004, New York City Police Officer 

Ousmane Zongo, 1960 – May 22, 2003

New York City, New York 

Shot: May 22, 2003, New York City Police Officer 

Alberta Spruill, 1946 – May 16, 2003

New York City, New York

Stun grenade thrown into her apartment led to a heart attack: May 16, 2003, New York City Police Officer

Kendra Sarie James, December 24, 1981 – May 5, 2003

Portland, Oregon

Shot: May 5, 2003, Portland Police Officer

Orlando Barlow, December 29, 1974 – February 28, 2003

Las Vegas, Nevada

Shot: February 28, 2003, Las Vegas Police Officer 

Nelson Martinez Mendez, 1977 – August 8, 2001

Bellevue, Washington

Shot: August 8, 2001, Bellevue Police Officer

Timothy DeWayne Thomas Jr., July 25, 1981 – April 7, 2001

Cincinnati, Ohio

Shot: April 7, 2001, Cincinnati Police Patrolman 

Ronald Beasley, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers  

Earl Murray, 1964 – June 12, 2000

Dellwood, Missouri

Shot: June 12, 2000, Dellwood Police Officers 

Patrick Moses Dorismond, February 28, 1974 – March 16, 2000

New York City, New York

Shot: March 16, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

Prince Carmen Jones Jr., March 30, 1975 – September 1, 2000

Fairfax County, Virginia

Shot: September 1, 2000, Prince George’s County Police Officer

Malcolm Ferguson, October 31, 1976 – March 1, 2000

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: March 1, 2000, New York City Police Officer 

LaTanya Haggerty, 1973 – June 4, 1999

Chicago, Illinois

Shot: June 4, 1999, Chicago Police Officer

Margaret LaVerne Mitchell, 1945 – May 21, 1999

Los Angeles, California

Shot: May 21, 1999, Los Angeles Police Officer

Amadou Diallo, September 2, 1975 – February 4, 1999

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: February 4, 1999, New York City Police Officers 

Tyisha Shenee Miller, March 9, 1979 – December 28, 1998

Riverside, California

Shot: December 28, 1998, Riverside Police Officers

Dannette “Strawberry” Daniels, January 25, 1966 – June 7, 1997

Newark, New Jersey

Shot: June 7, 1997, Newark Police Officer

Frankie Ann Perkins, 1960 – March 22, 1997

Chicago, Illinois

Brutal Force/Strangled: March 22, 1997, Chicago Police Officers

Nicholas Heyward Jr., August 26, 1981 – September 27, 1994

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot: September 27, 1994, New York City Police Officer 

Mary Mitchell, 1950 – November 3, 1991 

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: November 3, 1991, New York City Police Officer

Yvonne Smallwood, July 26, 1959 – December 9, 1987

New York City, New York

Severely beaten/Massive blood clot: December 3, New York City Police Officers

Eleanor Bumpers, August 22, 1918 – October 29, 1984

The Bronx, New York City, New York

Shot: October 29, 1984, New York City Police Officer

Michael Jerome Stewart, May 9, 1958 – September 28, 1983

New York City, New York

Brutal Force: September 15, 1983, New York City Transit Police 

Eula Mae Love, August 8, 1939 – January 3, 1979

Los Angeles, California

Shot: January 3, 1979, Los Angeles County Police Officers

Arthur Miller Jr., 1943 – June 14, 1978

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Chokehold/Strangled: June 14, 1978, New York City Police Officers

Randolph Evans, April 5, 1961 – November 25, 1976

Brooklyn, New York City, New York

Shot in head: November 25, 1976, New York City Police Officer

Barry Gene Evans, August 29, 1958 – February 10, 1976

Los Angeles, California

Shot: February 10, 1976, Los Angeles Police Officers

Rita Lloyd, November 2, 1956 – January 27, 1973

New York City, New York

Shot: January 27, 1973, New York City Police Officer

Henry Dumas, July 20, 1934 – May 23, 1968

Harlem, New York City, New York

Shot: May 23, 1968, New York City Transit Police Officer

*************************************************

NOTE 

This memorial is in honor of those unarmed black and brown people killed by the police, sheriff deputies, and security guards. The list is organized by most recent incident of police brutality (David McAtee and George Perry Floyd) and then moves back in time. I have listed each person by their name; birth and death dates; the location of their death; the means of death, date of death, and name of the police department. 

I culled the names from a variety of online sources including Black Lives Matter’s protests; Wikipedia; Black Past; Dangerous Objects, a website run by Mercy Garriga, that investigates cases of excessive use of force and death by the police force; and Professors Cassandra Chaney and Ray V. Robertson’s essay “Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police.” I have included women from the #SaveHerName project because we often ignore the injustices and violence that black women experience from the police: police brutality is real for women as it is for men. 

At the age of twenty-four, a friend introduced me to the radical and astonishingly beautiful poetry and writing of Henry Dumas. His poetry serves as the epitaph for this memorial; Dumas is the last entry on this list, shot by New York City Transit Police on May 23, 1968.

— Renée Ater, May 29, 2020

**Many thanks to Cecilia Wichmann and Mary Savig for their fact checking of this list, including adding birth dates from the Social Security Death Index and links to additional news stories. 

*************************************************

SOURCES

Dangerous Objects

https://www.dangerousobjects.org/

Black Past

https://www.blackpast.org/tag/race-and-justice-black-lives-matter/

Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality Against Black Women

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53f20d90e4b0b80451158d8c/t/55a810d7e4b058f342f55873/1437077719984/AAPF_SMN_Brief_full_singles.compressed.pdf

Everyday Harm: Black Women and a History of Police Violence

Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police, 1999-2014

https://gawker.com/unarmed-people-of-color-killed-by-police-1999-2014-1666672349

82 Black Men and Boys Killed by Police

“Armed and Dangerous? An Examination of Fatal Shootings of Unarmed Black People by Police” 

http://www.jpanafrican.org/docs/vol8no4/8.4-5-CCRR.pdf

Mothers Against Police Brutality

Color of Change
https://colorofchange.org/about/

Clinton R. Allen Speak Out 2018

Families United 4 Justice Network

https://fu4jgroup.website/index.html

Mapping Police Violence

https://mappingpoliceviolence.org/

Fatal Force, Washington Post

2020: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/investigations/police-shootings-database/

2019: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/police-shootings-2019/

2018:  https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/national/police-shootings-2018/

2017: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2017/

2016: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2016/

2015: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings/

”What We’ve Learned About Police Shootings 5 Years After Ferguson,” Washington Post, August 9, 2019

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/08/09/what-weve-learned-about-police-shootings-years-after-ferguson/?arc404=true

The Counted, The Guardian, 2015 and 2016

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/counted-us-police-killings

Fatal Encounters

Stolen Lives: Killed by Law Enforcement

http://www.stolenlives.org/book.html

Police Brutality Cases (PBC), Open Lab at City Tech

The Center for Homicide Research, Police Shootings Database

Three Words. 70 Cases. The Tragic History of ‘I Can’t Breathe.’

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/06/28/us/i-cant-breathe-police-arrest.html

Nearly 250 Women Have Been Fatally Shot By Police Since 2015

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/investigations/police-shootings-women/